Year 1709 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 5 The great frost begins during the night, a sudden cold snap that remains Europe's coldest ever winter. Thousands are killed across the continent and crops fail in France.
  • Feb 2 British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued by William Dampier after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe
  • Mar 27 Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)
  • Apr 12 Richard Steele's British literary and society journal "The Tatler" is first published establishing a new type of journalism featuring essays on contemporary manners
  • Jun 27 Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava, Charles goes into exile
  • Jul 8 Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes, end of Swedish empire as a major power
  • Aug 8 1st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
  • Sep 3 1st major group of Swiss German colonists reaches North and South Carolina
  • Sep 11 Battle at Malplaquet during War of the Spanish Succession: English, Austrian and Dutch Great Alliance defeat France
  • Oct 29 England & Netherlands sign anti-French "Barrieretraktaat"

Historical Marriages

Historical Figures Who Died in 1709

  • Jan 20 Fran├žois de la Chaise, French confessor of Louis XIV of France, dies at 84
  • Jan 24 George Rooke, English admiral (b. 1650)
  • Feb 9 Fran├žois Louis, Prince of Conti, French general, dies at 44
  • Feb 19 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (b. 1646)
  • Mar 8 William Cowper/Cooper, English anatomist, dies at about 62

More Deaths in History