On This Day

1711 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 "The Spectator" begins publishing (London)
  • Mar 8 Antoin de Guiscard tries English premier Haley for murder

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 Charles VI becomes Holy Roman Emperor after the death of his brother Joseph I

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • May 1 Archduke Karel of Austria/Hungarian rebellion sign Peace of Szatmar

Book releaseHistoric Publication

May 15 Alexander Pope's "An Essay on Criticism" is published anonymously

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Surrounded Tsar Peter the Great flees Azov

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • Aug 23 Admiral Hovenden Walkers fleet reach St Lawrence
  • Sep 22 French troops occupy Rio de Janeiro
  • Oct 12 Charles VI is crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Frankfurt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 31 John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, fired as English army commander

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
  • Feb 2 Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz, Austrian diplomat (d. 1794)
  • Feb 27 Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (d. 1769)
  • Apr 22 Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College, born in Windham, Connecticut (d. 1779)

Person of interestDavid Hume

Apr 26 David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), born in Edinburgh, Scotland [NS 7 May] (d. 1776)

Philosopher David Hume
David Hume
  • May 18 Ruggiero G Boscovich [Rudzer J Boskovic], Italian astronomer
  • Jul 10 Princess Amelia Sophia of Great Britain, second daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach, born in Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover (d. 1786)
  • Jul 22 Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (d. 1753)
  • Aug 5 Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist/philosopher/astronomer
  • Aug 19 Edward Boscawen, British admiral in the Royal Navy, born in Tregothnan, Cornwall (d. 1761)
  • Sep 1 Willem IV KH Friso, Dutch prince of Orange-Nassau
  • Sep 6 Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church, born in Einbeck, Germany (d. 1787)
  • Sep 9 Thomas Hutchinson, Loyalist politician of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, born in Boston, Massachusetts Bay British America (d. 1780)
  • Sep 25 Qianlong Emperor of China, 6th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, born in Beijing, China (d. 1799)
  • Sep 26 Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician, born in London (d. 1779)
  • Oct 15 Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Queen consort of Sardinia (1737-41), born in Château de Lunéville, Lorraine (d. 1741)
  • Oct 17 Jupiter Hammon, Lloyd Harbor NY, slave and poet, 1st African American to publish poetry
  • Oct 20 Timothy Ruggles, American-born Tory politician (d. 1795)
  • Oct 31 Laura Bassi, Italian physicist and scholar, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1778)
  • Nov 19 Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian scholar and poet, born in Mishaninskaya, Archangelgorod Governorate, Tsardom of Russia (d. 1765)
  • Dec 4 Barbara of Portugal [Maria Madalena Bárbara Xavier Leonor Teresa Antónia Josefa], Queen of Spain, born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1758)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 8 Philips van Almonde, Zealand lt admiral, dies at 66
  • Jan 16 Joseph Vaz, Oratorian priest and missionary in Ceylon, dies at 59
  • Feb 10 Lukas Fencer, Dutch poet (Meleager & Atalante), dies at 22
  • Feb 21 Joan van Hoorn, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1707-09), dies at 57
  • Mar 13 Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic, dies at 74
  • Mar 15 Eusebio Kino, Italian Catholic missionary (b. 1645)
  • Apr 17 Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (1705-11), dies of smallpox at 32
  • May 2 Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester, English statesman (b. 1641)
  • Jun 7 Henry Dodwell, Irish theologian (b. 1641)
  • Jun 8 Katharina Lescaille [Netherlands Sappho], poetess, dies at 61
  • Jul 14 Johan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange and monarch of Nassau-Dietz, drowns at 23
  • Jul 28 Gerard Lairesse, Dutch painter, buried at 69
  • Aug 22 Louis François, duc de Boufflers, French marshal (b. 1644)
  • Aug 25 Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey, English politician
  • Oct 14 Tewoflos, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1708)
  • Nov 3 John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian, dies at 45
  • Dec 17 Arnold Moonen, Dutch vicar and linguist (Defeated German Spraekkunst), dies at 67