On This Day

1712 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 29 February 29 is followed by February 30 in Sweden, in a move to abolish the Swedish calendar for a return to the Old style.
  • Apr 7 Slave revolt in New York kills 6 white men, 21 African Americans executed
  • May 17 Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria honored as "sovereign of Netherlands"
  • Jul 17 Great Britain, Portugal and France sign ceasefire [or 19th]
  • Jul 20 The Riot Act takes effect in Great Britain.
  • Jul 24 Battle at Denain: France under Villars beat Dutch army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor

Folk Hero and Outlaw Rob Roy
Folk Hero and Outlaw
Rob Roy
  • Oct 4 Utrecht banishes poor Jews
  • Oct 8 French privateer Jacques Cassard seen on Suriname coast
  • Nov 2 Suriname government gives French hijacker Jacques Cassard, ƒ682,800

Birthdays in History

Person of interestFrederick the Great

Jan 24 Frederick the Great, King of Prussia (1740-86), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1786)

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • Jan 24 Georg F Schmidt, German engraver/etcher
  • Jan 28 Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)
  • Feb 28 Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French military commander (d. 1759)
  • Mar 8 John Fothergill, English physician, born in Wensleydale, England (d. 1780)
  • Mar 22 Edward Moore, English dramatist (The Gamester) (d. 1757)
  • Mar 27 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon, born in Lyon, France (d. 1779)
  • May 13 Johann Hartwig Ernst, Count von Bernstorff, Danish statesman (d. 1772)
  • Jun 21 Luc Urbain de Bouëxic, comte de Guichen, French admiral, born in Fougères, Ille-et-Vilaine, France (d. 1790)
  • Jun 28 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher, eminent political theorist, and writer whose influential works inspired French Revolution leaders and Romantic academics (Confession), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1778)
  • Aug 24 Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician and astronomer, born in Terschelling, Netherlands (d. 1773)
  • Sep 1 Simon Fokke, Dutch book illustrator
  • Sep 23 Ferdinand VI, the wise, King of Spain (1746-59)
  • Oct 5 Francesco Guardi, Italian painter, born in Venice (d. 1793)
  • Oct 12 William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1801)

Person of interestGeorge Grenville

Oct 14 George Grenville, British Prime Minister (1763-65) who introduced the Stamp Act (1st international tax to the colonies in America), born in Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1770)

British Prime Minister George Grenville
British Prime Minister
George Grenville
  • Oct 18 Jeremias van Riemsdijk, gov-general of Dutch Indies (1775-77)
  • Oct 21 Sir James Steuart, British economist (d. 1780)
  • Oct 30 Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich, German painter, born in Weimar, Thuringia, Germany (d. 1774)
  • Nov 24 Willem Bachiene, theologist/geographer/astronomer (Ecclesiastical)
  • Nov 25 Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French philanthropist and developer of 'Signed French', born in Versailles, France (d. 1789)
  • Dec 11 Francesco Algarotti, Italian art collector and encyclopedist (Viaggio in Russia), born in Venice (d. 1764)
  • Dec 12 Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Imperial Army field marshal, born in Lunéville, Duchy of Lorraine (d. 1780)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 2 Martin Lister, English naturalist and physician
  • Feb 12 Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy, mother of Louis XV of France, dies at 26
  • Feb 18 Louis, Duke of Burgundy, heir-apparent to the French throne, dies at 29
  • Feb 27 Bahādur Shah I, 7th Mughal Emperor of India, dies at 68
  • Mar 25 Nehemiah Grew, English naturalist (b. 1641)
  • Mar 28 Jan van der Heyden, Dutch painter and inventor (fire hose; street lighting), dies at 75
  • Apr 5 John Luyken, Dutch poet and etcher (species company), dies at 63
  • Apr 10 Yusuf Nabi, Turkish poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77
  • Apr 11 Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (b. 1638)
  • Apr 30 Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Remonstrants theologist and vicar, dies at 78
  • Jun 11 Louis Joseph, duc de Vendôme, Marshal of France (b. 1654)
  • Jun 24 Simon van der Stel, 1st governor of Dutch Cape Colony (1679-99), dies at 72
  • Jul 12 Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland (1658-59), dies at 85
  • Jul 24 Cornelis earl of Nassau, general-major/mister of Woudenberg, dies
  • Jul 26 Thomas Osborne, English PM (1690-94), dies at 80
  • Aug 3 Joshua Barnes, English scholar (b. 1654)
  • Aug 18 Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers, English soldier
  • Aug 29 Gregory King, English statistician (law of King), dies at 63
  • Sep 11 Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-French mathematician, astronomer and engineer who discovered four of Saturn's moons, dies at 87
  • Sep 14 Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian French mathmetician and astronomer (discovered satellites of Saturn), dies at 87
  • Nov 15 Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun, English politician (b. 1675)
  • Nov 15 James Douglas, 4th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish nationalist (b. 1658)
  • Dec 15 Sidney 1st earl of Godolphine, English minister of Finance, dies at 67