1714 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 7 Typewriter patented by Englishman Henry Mill (built years later)
  • Jan 19 Richard Steele publishes "Crisis" defending Hanoverian success
  • Feb 2 Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Jane Shore" premieres in London
  • Feb 17 Parliament of Paris accepts Pope Clemens XI's "Unigenitus" degree
  • Mar 6 Treaty of Rastatt signed by Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and France ending War of Spanish Succession
  • Jun 12 Prussia and Russia sign secret treaty
  • Jun 26 Spain & Netherlands sign peace/trade agreement
  • Jul 14 Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet
  • Jul 27 Battle at Hango (Hangut): Russians beat Swedish fleet
  • Jul 27 British Queen Anne dismisses premier Robert Haley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Monarch Georg Ludwig becomes King George I of England

King George I
King
George I
  • Aug 7 The Battle of Gangut: the first important victory of the Russian Navy during the Great Northern War against Sweden
  • Sep 7 Treaty of Baden: Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI & France, ends War of Spanish Succession, French retain Alsace, Austria gets bank of Rhine
  • Sep 11 French & Spanish troops under Duke of Berwick occupy Barcelona
  • Oct 7 People riot due to beer tax in Alkmaar, Netherlands
  • Oct 20 Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as Britain's King George I
  • Nov 11 A highway in Bronx is laid out, later renamed East 233rd Street
  • Nov 22 King Karel XII leaves Turkish captivity to return to Sweden

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lutheran pastor, Lithuanian poet (The Seas)
  • Jan 6 Percivall Pott, English physician (d. 1788)
  • Jan 28 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Cage, Mercury Fastening his Sandals), born in Paris (d. 1785)
  • Feb 22 Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (d. 1795)
  • Feb 25 Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet, British admiral (d. 1782)
  • Feb 25 René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (d. 1792)
  • Feb 26 James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
  • Mar 27 Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian, born in Venice (d. 1795)
  • Apr 14 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
  • Jun 6 Joseph, King of Portugal (1750-77), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1777)
  • Jun 17 Cesar F Cassini, de Thury, French astronomer (geodesic labor)
  • Jul 16 Marc René, Marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer, born in Angoulême, France (d. 1800)
  • Aug 1 Richard Wilson, Welsh landscape painter, born in Penegoes, Montgomeryshire, Wales (d. 1782)
  • Aug 14 Claude-Joseph Vernet, French painter
  • Aug 28 Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, born in Bevern, Germany (d. 1774)
  • Sep 17 Gottlieb W Rabener, German author (Vom Misbrauch of the Satire)
  • Sep 19 Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress, born in Haverford, Pennsylvania (d. 1786)
  • Sep 29 Peter A van de Parra, gov-gen of Neth-Indies (1761-75)
  • Oct 16 Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (d. 1795)
  • Oct 23 Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1778)
  • Nov 13 William Shenstone, English poet, born in Leasowes, England (d. 1763)
  • Nov 25 Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (d. 1783)

Person of interestGeorge Whitefield

Dec 16 George Whitefield, English-born Methodist leader and preacher, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1770)

Anglican Preacher George Whitefield
Anglican Preacher
George Whitefield
  • Dec 19 John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
  • Dec 21 John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (d. 1774)
  • Dec 24 Rainieri De Calzabigi, Italian's literary (1st European Lottery)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 2 John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (b. 1643)
  • Feb 4 Duke of Berry, French King Louis XIV's grandson, dies
  • Feb 14 Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen Consort of Spain (b. 1688)
  • Feb 24 Edmund Andros, English governor in North America (b. 1637)
  • Mar 27 Anton Ulrich, German duke of Brunswick/poet, dies at 80
  • Mar 27 Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark and Norway (1670-99), dies at 63
  • Apr 4 Karel, duke of Berry/French heir to the throne, dies
  • May 15 Roger Elliott, British general and Governor of Gibraltar
  • Jun 8 Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony, dies at 83
  • Jun 22 Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
  • Jun 28 Cornelis Chastelein, colonial director, dies at 56
  • Jun 28 Daniel van Papenbroeck, Flemish jesuit/historian, dies at 86
  • Aug 1 Anne Stuart, Queen of England (1702-14), dies at about 49
  • Aug 15 Constantin Brâncoveanu, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1654)
  • Aug 26 Edward Fowler, English Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1632)
  • Oct 5 Kaibara Ekiken, Japanese philosopher (b. 1630)
  • Oct 10 Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (b. 1646)
  • Nov 5 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (b. 1633)