On This Day

1714 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 7 Typewriter patented by Englishman Henry Mill (built years later)
  • Jan 19 Richard Steele publishes "Crisis" defending Hanoverian success
  • Feb 2 Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Jane Shore" premieres in London
  • Feb 15 Parliament of Paris accepts Pope Clemens XI's "Unigenitus" decree
  • Mar 6 Treaty of Rastatt signed by Austria and France ending hostilities between them during the War of the Spanish Succession
  • Jun 12 Prussia and Russia sign secret treaty
  • Jun 26 Spain & Netherlands sign peace/trade agreement
  • Jul 14 Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet
  • Jul 27 Battle at Hango (Hangut): Russians beat Swedish fleet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 27 British Queen Anne dismisses premier Robert Haley

Queen of England Anne Stuart
Queen of England
Anne Stuart

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Monarch Georg Ludwig becomes King George I of England

King George I
George I
  • Aug 7 The Battle of Gangut: the first important victory of the Russian Navy during the Great Northern War against Sweden
  • Sep 7 Treaty of Baden signed by the Holy Roman Empire and France, ending the War of the Spanish Succession; French retain Alsace and Landau, Austria gets east bank of Rhine
  • Sep 11 French & Spanish troops under Duke of Berwick occupy Barcelona
  • Oct 7 People riot due to beer tax in Alkmaar, Netherlands
  • Oct 20 Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as Britain's King George I
  • Nov 11 A highway in Bronx is laid out, later renamed East 233rd Street
  • Nov 22 King Karel XII leaves Turkish captivity to return to Sweden

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lutheran pastor, Lithuanian poet (The Seas)
  • Jan 6 Percivall Pott, English physician, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1788)
  • Jan 28 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Cage, Mercury Fastening his Sandals), born in Paris (d. 1785)
  • Feb 22 Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (d. 1795)
  • Feb 25 Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet, British admiral (d. 1782)
  • Feb 25 René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (d. 1792)
  • Feb 26 James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
  • Mar 27 Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian, born in Venice (d. 1795)
  • Apr 14 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader, born in Muckhart, Perthshire (d. 1788)
  • Jun 6 Joseph, King of Portugal (1750-77), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1777)
  • Jun 17 César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer (geodesic labor), born in Thury-sous-Clermont, Oise, France (d. 1784)
  • Jul 16 Marc René, Marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer, born in Angoulême, France (d. 1800)
  • Aug 1 Richard Wilson, Welsh landscape painter, born in Penegoes, Montgomeryshire, Wales (d. 1782)
  • Aug 14 Claude-Joseph Vernet, French painter, born in Avignon, France (d. 1789)
  • Aug 28 Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, born in Bevern, Germany (d. 1774)
  • Sep 17 Gottlieb Rabener, German author (Vom Misbrauch of the Satire), born in Wachau, Germany (d. 1771)
  • Sep 19 Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress, born in Haverford, Pennsylvania (d. 1786)
  • Sep 29 Peter A van de Parra, gov-gen of Neth-Indies (1761-75)
  • Oct 16 Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (d. 1795)
  • Nov 13 William Shenstone, English poet, born in Leasowes, England (d. 1763)
  • Nov 25 Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (approximated the value of pi and its square, pi^2) (d. 1783)

Person of interestGeorge Whitefield

Dec 16 George Whitefield, English-born Methodist leader and preacher, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1770)

Anglican Preacher George Whitefield
Anglican Preacher
George Whitefield
  • Dec 19 John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
  • Dec 21 John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier, born in Annapolis Royal, Canada (d. 1774)
  • Dec 24 Rainieri de' Calzabigi, Italian poet & librettist, born in Livorno, Italy (d. 1795)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 2 John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (1691-1714), dies at 68
  • Feb 4 Duke of Berry, French King Louis XIV's grandson, dies
  • Feb 14 Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen consort of Spain to Philip V (1701-14), dies tuberculosis at 25
  • Feb 24 Edmund Andros, English governor in North America, dies at 76
  • Mar 27 Anton Ulrich, German duke of Brunswick/poet, dies at 80
  • Mar 27 Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark and Norway (1670-99), dies at 63
  • Apr 4 Karel, duke of Berry/French heir to the throne, dies
  • May 15 Roger Elliott, British general and Governor of Gibraltar
  • Jun 8 Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony, dies at 83
  • Jun 22 Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
  • Jun 28 Cornelis Chastelein, colonial director, dies at 56
  • Jun 28 Daniel van Papenbroeck, Flemish jesuit/historian, dies at 86

Person of interestAnne Stuart

Aug 1 Anne Stuart, Queen of England (1702-14), dies at about 49

Queen of England Anne Stuart
Queen of England
Anne Stuart
  • Aug 15 Constantin Brâncoveanu, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1654)
  • Aug 26 Edward Fowler, English Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1632)
  • Oct 5 Kaibara Ekiken, Japanese philosopher (b. 1630)
  • Oct 10 Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (b. 1646)
  • Nov 5 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (founder of occupational medicine), dies at 81