On This Day

1715 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 15 Pocotaligo Massacre triggers the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.
  • Apr 20 Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London
  • Apr 29 English Astronomer John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time
  • May 1 Prussia declares war on Sweden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Edmond Halley observes total eclipse phenomenon "Baily's Beads"

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • Jul 29 10 Spanish treasure galleons sunk off Florida coast by a hurricane
  • Jul 30 Spanish gold and silver fleet disappears off St Lucie, Florida
  • Aug 1 First Doggett's Coat and Badge race (Waterman's race) held on Thames River (London Bridge to Chelsea)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Sep 6 Pro-James III-uprising in Scotland
  • Nov 13 Battle of Sheriffmuir during Jacobite rebellion. Battle inconclusive but Government forces halt advance of Jacobite army lead by Scottish Earl of Mar
  • Nov 15 Barrier Treaty, Austria cedes area to Netherlands
  • Nov 24 London's Thames River freezes over
  • Nov 25 First English patent granted to an American, for processing corn
  • Dec 12 Russian and Prussian troops occupy Stralsund [NS=12/23]
  • Dec 22 English pretender to the throne James III lands at Peterhead
  • Dec 23 Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund
  • Dec 24 Swedish troops occupy Norway

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 10 Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian, born in Leuna, Germany (d. 1775)
  • Jan 26 Claude Helvetius, philosopher, born in Paris, France
  • Mar 4 James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave, British statesman (d. 1763)
  • Mar 7 Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist, born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1755)
  • Mar 7 Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet (d. 1759)
  • Apr 3 John Hanson, Continental Congressman, 1st US President under Articles of Confederation, born in Maryland (d.1783)
  • Apr 3 William Watson, English physician and scientist, born in London (d. 1787)
  • May 4 Richard Graves, English writer, born in Mickleton, Gloucestershire (d. 1804)
  • May 22 François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesma, born in Saint-Marcel d'Ardèche, France (d. 1794)
  • Jun 25 Joseph-François Foulon, French politician, born in Saumur, Maine-et-Loire, France (d. 1789)
  • Jul 4 Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and novelist (Fables & Tales), born in Hainchen, Germany (d. 1769)
  • Jul 16 Charles de Rohan, Prince de Soubise, Marshal of France, born in Paris (d. 1787)
  • Jul 25 Immanuel J. Pyra, German poet (Temple of Real Poetry), born in Kottbus, Brandenburg, Germany(d. 1744)
  • Aug 6 Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1747)
  • Sep 22 Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (d. 1786)
  • Sep 30 Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)
  • Oct 5 Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist, born in Pertuis, France (d. 1789)
  • Oct 8 Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary and scientist, born in Dijon, France (d. 1774)
  • Oct 23 Peter II Alexeyevich, Tsar of Russia (1727-30), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1730)
  • Nov 5 John Brown, English writer, born in Rothbury, Northumberland, England (d. 1766)
  • Nov 8 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Queen of Prussia as wife of Frederik II the Great, born in Schloss Bevern, Germany (d. 1797)
  • Nov 13 Dorothea Erxleben, German first female medical doctor, born in Quedlinburg, Germany (d. 1762)
  • Nov 23 Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)
  • Dec 8 John Althuysen, Frisian vicar and poet (Frisianche rymlery)
  • Dec 27 Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (d. 1794)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 François Fénelon, French Roman Catholic theologian and writer (Playing for Time), dies at 63
  • Feb 17 Antoine Galland, French orientalist and archaeologist, dies at 68
  • Feb 21 Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland, dies at 77
  • Feb 25 Pu Songling, Qing Dynasty Chinese writer (Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio), dies at 74
  • Mar 11 Jan-Erasmus Quellinus, Flemish painter, dies at 80
  • Mar 17 Gilbert Burnet, Scottish philosopher and Bishop of Salisbury, dies at 71
  • May 19 Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, English poet and statesman, dies at 54
  • Jun 25 Jean du Casse, French admiral (b. 1646)
  • Jul 5 Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1659)
  • Aug 12 Nahum Tate, English poet/playwright/poet laureate, dies

Person of interestLouis XIV

Sep 1 Louis XIV, the sun king of France (1643-1715), dies at 76

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Sep 1 François Girardon, French sculptor (b. 1628)
  • Sep 14 Dom Pérignon, French-Benedictine monk who helped improve the quality of champagne, dies at 76 or 77
  • Oct 13 Nicolas Malebranche, French rationalist philosopher, dies at 77
  • Oct 15 Humphry Ditton, English mathematician, dies at 40
  • Dec 14 Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 79
  • Dec 15 George Hickes, English linguist (Old German Philology), dies at 73
  • Dec 28 William Carstares, Scottish minister (b. 1649)