On This Day

1715 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 15 Pocotaligo Massacre triggers the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Apr 20 Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London

Queen of England Jane Grey
Queen of England
Jane Grey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 29 English Astronomer John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time

1st Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed
1st Astronomer Royal
John Flamsteed
  • May 1 Prussia declares war on Sweden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Edmond Halley observes total eclipse phenomenon "Baily's Beads"

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • Jul 29 10 Spanish treasure galleons sunk off Florida coast by a hurricane
  • Jul 30 Spanish gold and silver fleet disappears off St Lucie, Florida
  • Aug 1 First Doggett's Coat and Badge race (Waterman's race) held on Thames River (London Bridge to Chelsea)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Sep 6 Pro-James III-uprising in Scotland
  • Nov 13 Battle of Sheriffmuir during Jacobite rebellion. Battle inconclusive but Government forces halt advance of Jacobite army lead by Scottish Earl of Mar
  • Nov 15 Barrier Treaty, Austria cedes area to Netherlands
  • Nov 24 London's Thames River freezes over
  • Nov 25 First English patent granted to an American, for processing corn
  • Dec 12 Russian and Prussian troops occupy Stralsund [NS=12/23]
  • Dec 22 English pretender to the throne James III lands at Peterhead
  • Dec 23 Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund
  • Dec 24 Swedish troops occupy Norway

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 10 Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian, born in Leuna, Germany (d. 1775)
  • Jan 26 Claude Helvetius, philosopher, born in Paris, France
  • Mar 4 James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave, British statesman (d. 1763)
  • Mar 7 Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist, born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1755)
  • Mar 7 Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet (d. 1759)
  • Apr 3 John Hanson, Continental Congressman, 1st US President under Articles of Confederation, born in Maryland (d.1783)
  • Apr 3 William Watson, English physician and scientist, born in London (d. 1787)
  • May 4 Richard Graves, English writer, born in Mickleton, Gloucestershire (d. 1804)
  • May 22 François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesma, born in Saint-Marcel d'Ardèche, France (d. 1794)
  • Jun 25 Joseph-François Foulon, French politician, born in Saumur, Maine-et-Loire, France (d. 1789)
  • Jul 4 Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and novelist (Fables & Tales), born in Hainchen, Germany (d. 1769)
  • Jul 16 Charles de Rohan, Prince de Soubise, Marshal of France, born in Paris (d. 1787)
  • Jul 25 Immanuel J. Pyra, German poet (Temple of Real Poetry), born in Kottbus, Brandenburg, Germany(d. 1744)
  • Aug 6 Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1747)
  • Sep 22 Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (d. 1786)
  • Sep 30 Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)
  • Oct 5 Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist, born in Pertuis, France (d. 1789)
  • Oct 8 Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary and scientist, born in Dijon, France (d. 1774)
  • Oct 23 Peter II Alexeyevich, Tsar of Russia (1727-30), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1730)
  • Nov 5 John Brown, English writer, born in Rothbury, Northumberland, England (d. 1766)
  • Nov 8 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Queen of Prussia as wife of Frederik II the Great, born in Schloss Bevern, Germany (d. 1797)
  • Nov 13 Dorothea Erxleben, German first female medical doctor, born in Quedlinburg, Germany (d. 1762)
  • Nov 23 Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)
  • Dec 8 John Althuysen, Frisian vicar and poet (Frisianche rymlery)
  • Dec 27 Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (d. 1794)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 François Fénelon, French Roman Catholic theologian and writer (Playing for Time), dies at 63
  • Feb 17 Antoine Galland, French orientalist and archaeologist, dies at 68
  • Feb 21 Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland, dies at 77
  • Feb 25 Pu Songling, Qing Dynasty Chinese writer (Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio), dies at 74
  • Mar 11 Jan-Erasmus Quellinus, Flemish painter, dies at 80
  • Mar 17 Gilbert Burnet, Scottish philosopher and Bishop of Salisbury, dies at 71
  • May 19 Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, English poet and statesman, dies at 54
  • Jun 25 Jean-Baptiste du Casse, French admiral and governor (Battle of Málaga), dies ta 68
  • Jul 5 Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1659)
  • Aug 12 Nahum Tate, English poet/playwright/poet laureate, dies

Person of interestLouis XIV

Sep 1 Louis XIV, the sun king of France (1643-1715), dies at 76

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Sep 1 François Girardon, French sculptor (b. 1628)
  • Sep 14 Dom Pérignon, French-Benedictine monk who helped improve the quality of champagne, dies at 76 or 77
  • Oct 13 Nicolas Malebranche, French rationalist philosopher, dies at 77
  • Oct 15 Humphry Ditton, English mathematician, dies at 40
  • Dec 14 Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 79
  • Dec 15 George Hickes, English linguist (Old German Philology), dies at 73
  • Dec 28 William Carstares, Scottish minister (b. 1649)