On This Day

1717 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 4 Netherlands, Great Britain & France sign Triple Alliance
  • Jan 5 Prussian King Frederik Willem I buys conscript for nobles
  • Jan 14 German mob leader and thief "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam
  • Feb 1 Henri d'Aguesseau's 1st appointment as chancellor of France
  • Mar 2 The Loves of Mars and Venus becomes the first ballet performed in England
  • Mar 31 A sermon on "The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ" by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, provokes the Bangorian Controversy
  • Jun 24 1st Free Masons' grand lodge founded in London
  • Jul 28 Prussian king Frederik Willhelm I gives compulsory education to 5-12 yrs

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Aug 1 Nicholas Rowe is appointed British Poet Laureate by George I

King George I
George I
  • Aug 16 Prince Eugenius of Savoye occupies Belgrade
  • Aug 17 France, Russia & Prussia sign agreement
  • Aug 22 Spanish troops land on Sardinia

<b>Pirate</b> AttackPirate Attack

Nov 28 Blackbeard attacks and captures a French merchant slave ship, which he renames as his flagship the "Queen Anne's Revenge"

Pirate Blackbeard
  • Dec 5 English pirate Blackbeard ransacks the merchant sloop "Margaret" and keeps her captain, Henry Bostock prisoner for 8 hours before releasing him. Bostock later provides 1st record of Blackbeard's appearance, and the source for his name
  • Dec 25 Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces, thousands killed

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman, born in Becket, Massachusetts (d. 1793)
  • Jan 28 Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1774). Reigned 1757-74.
  • Jan 29 Jeffrey Amherst, English gov-gen of America/fieldmarshal
  • Feb 2 Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (d. 1790)
  • May 13 Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria (Wife of emperor Franz I)
  • Jun 8 John Collins, American politician, 3rd Governor of Rhode Island (1786-90), born in Newport, Colony of Rhode Island, British America (d. 1795)
  • Jun 20 Jacques Saly, French sculptor, born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1776)
  • Jun 27 Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, born in Paris (d. 1799)
  • Jul 5 Pedro III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1777-86) and consort of Queen Maria I of Portugal, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1786)
  • Aug 13 Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French nobleman and military leader, born in Paris (d. 1776)
  • Aug 15 Blind Jack [John Metcalf], English 1st professional roadbuilder, born in Knaresborough, Yorkshire, England (d. 1810)
  • Sep 4 Job Orton, English minister, born in Shrewsbury, England (d. 1783)
  • Sep 22 Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (d. 1783)
  • Sep 24 Horace Walpole, British horror writer (Castle of Otranto), born in London (d. 1797)
  • Oct 5 Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle, duchess de Châteauroux, French mistress of King Louis XV of France, born in Paris (d. 1744)

Person of interestJean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert

Nov 16 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French Enlightenment philosopher and mathematician (Encyclopédie), born in Paris (d. 1783)

Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
Enlightenment Philosopher
Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
  • Dec 9 Johann Winckelmann, German archaeologist (History of Ancient Art), born in Stendal, Prussia (d. 1768)
  • Dec 16 Elizabeth Carter, English poet, bluestocking and translator (All the Works of Epictetus Which Are Now Extant), born in Deal, England (d. 1806)
  • Dec 20 Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French statesman and diplomat, born in Dijon, France (d. 1787)

Person of interestPius VI

Dec 25 Pope Pius VI [Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi], Italian Pope (1775-99), born in Cesena, Emilia-Romagna, Papal States (d. 1799)

Pope Pius VI
Pius VI

Deaths in History

  • Mar 3 Pierre Allix, French/British theologist/vicar, dies at about 75
  • Mar 19 John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Scottish royalist
  • Apr 3 Jacques Ozanam, French mathematician (b. 1640)
  • Apr 5 Jean Jouvenet, French painter (b. 1647)
  • May 10 John Hathorne, American magistrate (b. 1641)
  • May 20 John Trevor, British statesman (b. 1637)
  • Jun 9 Jeanne Guyon, French mystic, dies at 69
  • Jul 21 Niccolo Amenta, Italian poet (La Gostanza), dies
  • Aug 10 Nicolaas Witsen, Dutch statesman and mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 76
  • Oct 26 Catherine Sedley, English mistress of James II of England (b. 1657)