On This Day

1718 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 9 France declares war on Spain
  • Jan 17 Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switzerland; kills 53
  • May 1 Spanish Catholic missionaries establish Mission San Antonio de Valero (now known as Alamo), the fist of several settlements in what is now San Antonio, Texas
  • May 7 The city of New Orleans founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
  • May 15 James Puckle, a London lawyer, patents world's 1st machine gun
  • Jun 26 Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
  • Jul 21 The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed
  • Aug 2 Austrian joins Triple Alliance
  • Aug 11 Battle of Cape Passaro: British fleet destroys Spanish off Sicily

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Aug 21 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, Turkey and Venice sign peace treaty

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • Aug 25 Hundreds of French colonists arrive in Louisiana; New Orleans founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18 Voltaire's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Dec 10 Laurence Eusden is appointed British Poet Laureate under George I

King George I
George I
  • Dec 17 France, Britain and Austria declare war on Spain (War of the Quadruple Alliance 1718–1720)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1790)
  • Jan 29 Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (d. 1794)
  • Feb 17 Matthew Tilghman, American Continental Congressman (d. 1790)
  • Mar 12 Joseph Damer, English politician (d. 1798)
  • Mar 31 Marianne Victoria of Borbón, queen regent of Portugal (d. 1781)
  • Apr 4 Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar, born in Totnes, Devon (d. 1783)
  • Apr 7 Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)
  • Apr 20 David Brainerd, American missionary to the Native Americans, born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1747)
  • Apr 24 Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born portrait and miniature painter, born in Dublin (d. 1784)
  • Apr 26 Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral and Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy, born in Scituate, Rhode Island (d. 1802)
  • Apr 27 Thomas Lewis, Irish-American surveyor, lawyer, and a pioneer of early Virginia, born in County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1790)
  • May 16 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician (d. 1799)
  • May 17 Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness, English diplomat and politician (d. 1778)
  • May 23 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist and physician, born in East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1783)
  • May 30 Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, British politician, born in Fairford, Gloucestershire (d. 1793)
  • Jun 5 Thomas Chippendale, English furniture maker, baptized in Otley, Yorkshire, England (d. 1779)
  • Jun 17 George Howard, British field marshal (d. 1796)
  • Jul 5 Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1794)
  • Jul 18 Saverio Bettinelli, Italian Jesuit writer, born in Mantua, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1808)
  • Jul 31 John Canton, English physicist, born in Stroud, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1772)
  • Aug 11 Sir Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (d. 1791)
  • Sep 8 François-Thomas-Marie de Baculard d'Arnaud, French sentimental writer (Les Épreuves du sentiment), born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • Sep 29 Nikita I Panin, Russian earl/diplomat (plot against Peter III)
  • Oct 19 Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (d. 1804)
  • Oct 28 Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer, born in Kottori, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1793)
  • Nov 13 John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, British statesman who claimed to have invented the sandwich, born in Chiswick, England (d. 1792)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 Richard Hoare, English goldsmith and banker (b. 1648)
  • Jan 6 Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (b. 1664)
  • Jan 17 Captain Benjamin Church, Plymouth Colony settler and military leader
  • Feb 1 Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician, dies at 57
  • Feb 18 Pierre Antoine Motteux, French-born English dramatist (b. 1663)
  • Feb 23 Francois Fagel, Dutch field marshal/mayor of Nimegen, dies at 63
  • May 7 Mary of Modena, Queen of James II of England, dies at 59
  • May 30 Arnold Joost van Keppel, earl of Albemarle/general, dies at about 48
  • May 30 Bernard Nieuwentyt, physician/theologist, dies at 63
  • Jul 28 Etienne Baluze, French scholar (b. 1630)

Person of interestWilliam Penn

Jul 30 William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania (No cross, no crown), dies at 73

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • Aug 4 René Lepage de Ste-Claire, lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, in New France, dies at 62
  • Aug 6 Jacob F Muller [Sjako/Jaco], German Dutch thief 'the Robin Hood of Amsterdam', beheaded at 28

Person of interestBlackbeard

Nov 22 Blackbeard, notorious English pirate, dies in battle at 38

Pirate Blackbeard
  • Dec 6 Nicholas Rowe, English poet and dramatist (Tamerlane) Poet Laureate (1715-18), dies at 45
  • Dec 9 Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist, dies at 68

Person of interestCharles XII

Dec 11 Charles XII, King of Sweden (1697-1718), shot in battle invading Norway at Fortress of Fredriksten at 36

King of Sweden Charles XII
King of Sweden
Charles XII