On This Day

1719 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 5 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian Russian pact
  • Jan 23 Liechtenstein became a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Feb 12 The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands is founded

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Apr 25 Daniel Defoe publishes "Robinson Crusoe", regarded as the 1st English novel

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
  • Jun 10 Jacobite Rising: Battle of Glen Shiel.
  • Nov 20 Sweden & Hannover sign for peace Treaty of Stockholm
  • Dec 11 1st recorded display of Aurora Borealis in north American colonies (New England)
  • Dec 18 Thomas Fleet publishes "Mother Goose's Melodies For Children"

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder (d. 1797)
  • Jan 3 Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian (d. 1773)
  • Jan 17 William Vernon, American merchant (d. 1806)
  • Jan 23 John Landen, English mathematician, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1790)
  • Jan 28 Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (d. 1749)
  • Mar 4 Aert Schouman, Dutch bird/portrait painter
  • Mar 4 George Pigot, Baron Pigot, British governor of Madras (d. 1777)
  • Mar 13 John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal, born in Oundle, Northamptonshire (d. 1797)
  • May 20 Roger Newdigate, British politician (sat in the House of Commons 1742-80), born in Arbury, Warwickshire (d. 1806)
  • Jun 2 Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (Le Philosophe sans le savoir), born in Paris (d. 1797)
  • Jun 11 Franz K von Velbruck, German free mason/prince-bishop of Luik
  • Jun 28 Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman, born in Nancy, France (d. 1785)
  • Aug 4 Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minerologist and geologist, born in Bad Gottleuba-Berggießhübel, Germany (d. 1767)
  • Aug 20 Charles-François de Broglie, French soldier and diplomat, marquis de Ruffec, born in Paris (d. 1791)
  • Aug 20 Christian Mayer, Czech Catholic priest and astronomer, born in Modřice, Moravia (d. 1783)
  • Aug 27 Jan Nepveu, Dutch governor of Suriname (1768-79), born in Amsterdam (d. 1779)
  • Sep 27 Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician, born in Leipzig, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1800)
  • Oct 17 Jacques Cazotte, French writer (d. 1792)
  • Oct 20 Gottfried Achenwall, German lawyer, statistician and economist
  • Nov 30 Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales by marriage to Frederick, Prince of Wales, born in Gotha, Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Germany (d. 1772)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 23 Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg, German Lutheran missionary to India, dies at 36
  • Mar 7 Steven Jacobsz Vennekool, Amsterdam architect, buried
  • Apr 7 Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French priest and saint of the Catholic Church, dies at 67
  • Apr 15 Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon, second wife of Louis XIV of France, dies at 83
  • Apr 21 Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and historian (b. 1640)
  • May 21 Pierre Poiret, French mystic, dies at 73
  • Jun 17 Joseph Addison, English essayist and poet (co-founder of The Spectator), dies at 47
  • Jul 5 Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general, dies at 78
  • Aug 8 Christoph Ludwig Agricola, German landscape painter, dies at 51
  • Aug 19 Karl H Freiherr von Canstein, German lawyer, dies at 52
  • Sep 7 John Harris, English writer
  • Sep 19 Frans Anneessens, Belgian merchant/lord of the manor, executed at 59
  • Sep 19 Jan Weenix, Dutch painter, buried
  • Sep 21 Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer dies at 72
  • Sep 27 George Smalridge, English Bishop of Bristol (b. 1662)
  • Oct 14 Arnold Houbraken, Dutch painter and writer, dies at 59
  • Nov 8 Michel Rolle, French mathematician (Rolle's theorem), dies at 67
  • Nov 19 Jean Deutz, merchant and Amsterdam regent, dies at 64
  • Nov 26 John Hudson, British classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • Dec 2 Pasquier Quesnel, French theologist (La Foi), dies at 85
  • Dec 16 Adrian "Aart" van Wijck, Dutch theologist (anti-jansenism), dies at 78

Person of interestJohn Flamsteed

Dec 31 John Flamsteed, English astronomer and 1st Astronomer Royal, dies at 73

1st Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed
1st Astronomer Royal
John Flamsteed