On This Day

1721 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Tsar Peter the Great ends Russian-orthodox patriarchy

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • Mar 9 British Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower
  • Mar 27 France & Spain sign Treaty of Madrid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 Robert Walpole becomes Britain's 1st Lord of the Treasury - effective Prime Minister, although that term was never officially used (indeed, it was considered an insult) until much later

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • May 8 Michelangiolo dei Conti succeeds Pope Clement XI, as Innocent XIII
  • May 25 John Copson becomes America's 1st insurance agent
  • May 29 South Carolina formally incorporated as a royal colony
  • Jun 13 England signs Treaty of Madrid
  • Jun 26 Dr Zabdiel Boylston gives 1st smallpox inoculations in America
  • Aug 30 Russian and Swedish sign Treaty of Nystad, ending North Sea War
  • Oct 22 Tsar Peter the Great becomes "All-Russian Imperator"
  • Nov 1 Prince Eugenius of Savoye unveals statue of himself

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 12 Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick, Prussian general (d. 1792)
  • Jan 21 James Murray, British military officer, governor of Quebec (d. 1794)
  • Feb 3 Friedrich Wilhelm, baron von Seydlitz, Prussian general, born in Kalkar, Germany l (d. 1773)
  • Feb 24 John McKinly, Ulster Ireland, American physician
  • Mar 19 Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
  • Apr 11 David Zeisberger, Moravian clergyman and missionary, born in Zauchtenthal, Moravia (d. 1808)
  • Apr 14 William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English army leader, born in London (d. 1765)

Person of interestRoger Sherman

Apr 19 Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence, Constitution), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1793)

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman
  • Jul 9 Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (Die Mädcheninsel), born in Worms, Germany (d. 1781)
  • Jul 14 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • Aug 4 Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician (d. 1803)
  • Aug 21 Lucretia Wilhelmina van Merken, Dutch poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 1789)
  • Aug 31 George Hervey, 2nd Earl of Bristol, British statesman (d. 1775)
  • Sep 14 Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge, born in Windham, Connecticut (d. 1807)
  • Oct 19 Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist (d. 1800)
  • Nov 9 Mark Akenside, English poet and physician, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1770)
  • Nov 22 Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, Swiss-Canadian cartographer and statesman, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1824)
  • Nov 25 Willem Crul, British admiral (West-Indies), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1781)
  • Dec 6 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1809)
  • Dec 6 Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French lawyer and statesman, born in Paris (d. 1794)
  • Dec 25 William Collins, Chichester England, (Mayor-Chichester)/poet
  • Dec 27 Franciscus "French" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher
  • Dec 29 Madame De Pompadour, mistress of French King Louis the 15th

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Rochus Aerts, Flemish sculptor, dies [or 1739]
  • Feb 5 James Stanhope 1st earl of Stanhope, English general, dies at 47
  • Feb 16 James Craggs the Younger, English politician, dies at 34
  • Feb 24 John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (b. 1648)
  • Mar 12 Jan Luyts, Dutch physicist and mathematician, dies at 65
  • Mar 16 James Craggs the Elder, English politician (b. 1657)
  • Mar 19 Clement XI [Giovanni F Albani], Italian pope (ruled 1700-21), dies at 71
  • Apr 14 Michel Chamillart, French statesman (b. 1652)

Person of interestMary Read

Apr 28 Mary Read, English pirate who operated in the Caribbean, dies of a violent fever while in prison and likely still pregnant aged 36

Pirate Mary Read
Mary Read
  • Jul 8 Elihu Yale, English merchant and philanthropist (benefactor of Yale University), dies at 72
  • Jul 18 Jean-Antoine Watteau, French Rococo painter (fêtes galantes), dies at 36
  • Jul 25 Geleyn Evertsen, lt-admiral of Zealand, dies at 66
  • Aug 3 Grinling Gibbons, Dutch-born British sculptor and woodcarver, dies at 73
  • Aug 13 Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer, dies at 56
  • Sep 7 Bernhard Albinus [Weiss], German artist (Frederik of Prussia), dies
  • Sep 8 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor, dies at 35
  • Sep 11 Rudolph J Camerarius, German physician (sexuality plans), dies
  • Sep 18 Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat, dies at 57
  • Oct 2 Benott Audran, artist/engraver, dies
  • Oct 4 Abraham Alewijn, Dutch poet and playwright (Beslikte Swaantje), dies at 36
  • Oct 11 Edward Colston, English merchant, philanthropist and slave trader, dies at 84
  • Dec 13 Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor and castaway, inspiration for Robinson Crusoe (b. 1676)
  • Dec 17 Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough, English statesman (b. 1640)
  • Dec 22 Nathaniel Hawes, tortured & executed in England for robbery