On This Day

1722 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Tsar Peter the Great begins civil system

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • Jan 24 Edward Wigglesworth appointed 1st north American divinity professor (Harvard)
  • Mar 8 Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud occupies Persia
  • Mar 17 Willem KH Friso appointed mayor of Drente

Historic DiscoveryEaster Island Moai

Apr 5 Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen is the first European to discover Easter Island / Rapa Nui in the southeastern Pacific

Learn More
Learn More
  • Apr 22 19 VOC "komplotteurs" in Batavia executed
  • May 3 Pierre de Marivaux' "La Double Inconstance" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30 Hungarian Parliament condemns Emperor Charles VI's Pragmatic Sanctions

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • Jul 25 The Three Years War begins along the Maine and Massachusetts border
  • Sep 12 Russian troops occupy Baku & Derbent in Persia
  • Oct 19 French C. Hopffer patents the automatic fire extinguisher in England
  • Nov 2 Willem KH Friso (11) appointed viceroy of Gelderland
  • Nov 7 Richard Steele's "Conscious Lovers" premieres in London

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (d. 1752)
  • Jan 26 Alexander Carlyle, Cummertrees, Dumfriesshire, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770)
  • Feb 19 Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (d. 1774)
  • Apr 11 Christopher Smart, English poet & journalist (Ceremony of Carols), born in Shipbourne, England (d. 1771)
  • May 11 Petrus Camper, Dutch anatomist and anthropologist who studied comparative anatomy, paleontology and the facial angle, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1789)
  • May 29 James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish politician, born in Drogheda, Louth, Ireland (d. 1773)
  • Jul 16 Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey), born in London (d. 1803)
  • Jul 22 Jean-Noel/Joannes Natalis Paquot, Belgian priest/historian
  • Aug 9 Augustus William, Prince of Prussia, born in Stadtschloss, Berlin, Prussia (d. 1758)
  • Aug 11 Richard Brocklesby, English physician (d. 1797)
  • Sep 5 Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1763)
  • Sep 16 Gabriel Christie, British general, born in Stirling, Scotland (d. 1799)
  • Sep 22 John Home, Scottish writer (d. 1808)

Person of interestSamuel Adams

Sep 27 Samuel Adams, American revolutionary (Boston Massacre-Tea Party) and politician (Lt Gov-Mass, 1789-94), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1803)

US Revolutionary Samuel Adams
US Revolutionary
Samuel Adams
  • Oct 2 Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier, born in Horn, Austria (d. 1776)
  • Nov 5 William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English nobleman and politician, born in Clayton, Lancashire, England (d. 1798)
  • Nov 19 Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (invented percussion as a diagnostic technique), born in Graz, Duchy of Styria (d. 1809)
  • Nov 19 Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania, born in Anne Arundel County, Maryland (d. 1810)
  • Nov 30 Théodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1761)
  • Dec 1 Anna Louisa Karsch "Die Karschin", German poet, born in Hammer, Silesia (d. 1791)
  • Dec 3 Hryhorii Skovoroda, Ukrainian poet and philosopher, born in Chernukhi, Lubny Regiment, Cossack Hetmanate (d. 1794)
  • Dec 23 Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, Swedish Chemist who discovered nickel and tungsten, born in Turinge, Sweden (d. 1765)
  • Dec 30 Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1770)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Antoine Coypel, French painter and poet, dies at 60
  • Jan 21 Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton, English supporter of William III of England (b. 1661)
  • Feb 10 Bartholomew Roberts, Welsh pirate (raided ships off the Americas and West Africa between 1719-1722), dies at 39
  • Mar 11 John Toland, Irish rationalist philosopher, dies at 51
  • Mar 31 Campegius Vitringa, Dutch theologist/exegete, dies at 62
  • Apr 13 Charles Leslie, Irish Anglican priest, dies at 71
  • Apr 14 Pieter Erberveld, German-Thai merchant on Java, Indonesia. He was accused of plotting a rebellion with the Javanese, tortured and executed at around 62
  • Apr 21 Robert Beverley, Jr., historian of Colonial Virginia (b. 1673)
  • May 20 Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist, dies at 52

Person of interestJohn Churchill

Jun 16 John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, English general strategist, dies at 72

  • Sep 3 Ivan Skoropadsky, Hetman of Ukraine (b. 1646)
  • Sep 18 André Dacier, French classical scholar (b. 1651)
  • Nov 12 Adriaen van der Werff, Dutch painter/engraver/architect, dies at 63
  • Dec 8 Elisabeth Charlotte "Liselotte", German-French duchess of Orleans, dies at 70
  • Dec 20 Kangxi Emperor of China, 4th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, dies at 68
  • Dec 23 Pierre Varignon, French mathematician (b. 1654)