On This Day

1725 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Benjamin Franklin arrives in London [OS=Dec 24 1724]

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Feb 20 10 sleeping Indians scalped by whites in New Hampshire for £100 a scalp bounty

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Apr 30 Emperor Charles VI & King Philip IV of Spain sign Treaty of Vienna

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • May 1 Spain and Austria sign trade treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 The Order of St. Alexander Nevsky is instituted in Russia by the empress Catherine I. It would later be discontinued and then reinstated by the Soviet government in 1942 as the Order of Alexander Nevsky.

Key Figure of Medieval Rus Alexander Nevsky
Key Figure of Medieval Rus
Alexander Nevsky
  • Sep 3 Britain, France, Hannover & Prussia sign Covenant of Hannover
  • Oct 4 Foundation of Rosario in Argentina.
  • Nov 5 Spain & Austria sign secret treaty

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 4 Dru Drury, English entomologist (d. 1804)
  • Feb 5 James Otis, American lawyer and patriot, born in Barnstable, Massachusetts (d. 1783)
  • Feb 25 Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (Geistliche Kantaten)
  • Feb 26 Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French inventor who designed and built 1st automobile, born in Void, France (d. 1804) [or born September 25]
  • Mar 11 Henry Benedict Stuart, pretender to the throne of Great Britain (d. 1807)
  • Mar 17 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)
  • Mar 20 Abdul Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1789)
  • Mar 24 Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (d. 1813)
  • Mar 24 Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1788)
  • Mar 28 Andrew Kippis, English non-conformist clergyman and biographer, born in Nottingham (d. 1795)

Person of interestGiacomo Casanova

Apr 2 Giacomo Casanova, Italian writer, adventurer and famous lover, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1798)

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • Apr 23 Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint, born in Muro, Naples, Italy (d. 1755)
  • Apr 25 Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral, born in Caversham, Reading, England (d. 1786)
  • May 12 Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, French Prince of the Bourbon House, born at the Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1785)
  • May 14 Ludovico Manin, Venetian politician, last Doge of Venice (1789-97), born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1802)
  • May 25 Samuel Ward, American politician (31st and 33rd Governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1776)

Person of interestComte de Rochambeau

Jul 1 Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, Comte de Rochambeau, French Military Leader (commander of the French Expeditionary Force that assisted the Thirteen Colonies), born in Vendôme, France (d. 1807)

Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau
  • Aug 21 Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter, born in Tournus, France (d. 1805)
  • Aug 29 Charles Townshend, English politician, 3rd Viscount of Townshend, born in Raynham Hall, Norfolk (d. 1767)
  • Sep 5 Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician, born in Lyon, France (d. 1799)
  • Sep 12 Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer, born in Coutances, France (d. 1792)
  • Sep 16 Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist and geographer (Volcanos), born in Soulaines-Dhuys, France (d. 1815)
  • Sep 24 Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer and founder of the Guinness brewery, born in Celbridge, County Kildare, Ireland (d. 1803)
  • Sep 29 Robert Clive, English explorer and founder (British empire in India), born in Styche, England (d. 1773)
  • Oct 12 Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist, born in Paris (d. 1810)
  • Oct 17 John Wilkes, English radical, journalist (The North Briton) and politician, born in London (d. 1797)
  • Oct 21 Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (d. 1801)

Person of interestGeorge Mason

Dec 11 George Mason, American statesman (Bill of Rights), born in Fairfax County, Colony of Virginia (d. 1792)

American Statesman George Mason
American Statesman
George Mason
  • Dec 18 Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (d. 1791)

Weddings in History

  • Sep 5 French King Louis XV marries Polish princess Mary Lesczynski

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Japanese playwright (Yotsugi Soga), dies at about 71

Person of interestPeter the Great

Feb 8 Peter the Great [Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov], Tsar of Russia (1682-1725) dies of uremia at 52

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • Apr 8 John Wise, American clergyman and political activist who protested against British taxes, dies at 73
  • May 8 John Lovewell, US indian fighter, dies in battle
  • May 21 Robert Haley, 1st Earl of Oxford and English premier (Whig, 1710-14), dies at 63
  • May 24 Jonathan Wild, English criminal (b. 1682)
  • Jun 29 Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (b. 1657)
  • Aug 15 Gerhard Noodt, Dutch lawyer, dies at 77
  • Oct 10 Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil, Governor-General of New France (b. 1643)
  • Oct 11 Hans Herr, Swiss Mennonite bishop, dies at 86
  • Oct 27 Jacob Hop, politician/diplomat, dies at 71