On This Day

1728 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 6 Spain & Britain sign (1st) Convention of Pardo
  • Apr 22 Pierre de Marivaux' "Le Triomphe de Plutus" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 17 Congregation Shearith Israel of New York purchases a lot on Mill Street in lower Manhattan to build the city's first synagogue

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Louis Barbiano de Belgioioso, Austrian count/diplomat in Belgium
  • Jan 6 Domingos dos Reis Quita, Portuguese playwright & poet, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1770)
  • Jan 9 Thomas Warton, critic and poet (Pleasures of Melancholy) British Poet Laureate (1785-90), born in Basingstoke (d. 1790)
  • Feb 12 Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (d. 1799)
  • Feb 13 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon and founder of pathological anatomy in England, born in Long Calderwood, Scotland (d. 1793)
  • Feb 21 Peter III, Kiel Germany, Russian Tsar (1762) and husband of Catherine the Great
  • Feb 29 Robert Bage, English writer (Criticism by Peter Faulkner)
  • Mar 19 Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen, Flemish (court)painter
  • Mar 20 Franciscus L Kersteman, Dutch lawyer/astrologist
  • Mar 22 Anton Raphael Mengs, German Bohemian painter and one of the precursors to Neoclassical painting, born in Ústí nad Labem, Bohemia (d. 1779)
  • Apr 16 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat and carbon dioxide, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1799)
  • Apr 19 Francisco Albergati Capacelli, Italian writer and playwright, born in Bologna (d. 1804)
  • Apr 23 Samuel Wallis, English explorer (Wallis Island), born in Camelford, Cornwall (d. 1795)
  • Jun 25 Shah Alam II, 17th Mughal Emperor (1760-1806), born in Shahjahanabad, Mughal Empire (d. 1806))
  • Jul 3 Robert Adam, Scottish architect and designer (Adelphi Terrace, London), born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland (d. 1792)
  • Aug 26 Johann Heinrich Lambert, German scientist (d. 1777)
  • Aug 28 John Stark, American military officer (Battle of Bennington), born in Londonderry, New Hampshire (d. 1822)
  • Aug 29 Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, Electress of Bavaria, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1797)
  • Oct 3 Charles-Geneviève-Louis-Auguste-André-Timothée d'Éon de Beaumont, French spy and transvestite, born in Tonnerre, France (d. 1810)
  • Oct 5 Chevalier d'Éon, French diplomat & spy, born in Tonnerre, France (d. 1810)
  • Oct 7 Caesar Rodney, Delaware, judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)

Person of interestJames Cook

Oct 27 James Cook, British explorer, navigator and cartographer who was the first European to explore much of Australia, the Pacific Islands and New Zealand, born in Marton, Yorkshire, England (d. 1779)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • Dec 2 Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist (Della Moneta), born in Chieti, Italy (d. 1787)
  • Dec 8 Johann Georg von Zimmermann, Swiss philosophical author and physician, born in Brugg, Aargau, Switzerland (d. 1795)
  • Dec 22 Charles Frederick, Margrave, Elector and later Grand Duke of Baden, born in Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1811)

Deaths in History

Person of interestCotton Mather

Feb 13 Cotton Mather, American Puritan minister (Salem witchcraft trials), dies at 65

Puritan Minister Cotton Mather
Puritan Minister
Cotton Mather
  • Mar 8 Giovanni Mario Crescimbeni, Italian literary and critic (Arcadia), dies at 64
  • Apr 3 James Anderson, Scottish lawyer (b. 1662)
  • Apr 25 John Woodward, geologist/physician, dies
  • Jul 26 John Friend, physician/politician, dies
  • Aug 12 Henricus Zwaardecroon, gov-gen of Neth-Indies, dies at 61
  • Aug 26 Anne Marie of Orléans, Queen of Italy, dies at 58
  • Sep 23 Christian Thomasius, German jurist (b. 1655)
  • Nov 10 Fyodor Apraksin, Russian admirals (b. 1661)
  • Nov 21 Fjodor M graaf Apraksin, Russian gen-admiral, dies at about 57