On This Day

1730 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 28 Tsarina Anna Ivanovna leads autocracy
  • Mar 16 Willem Charles Henry Friso installed as viceroy of Drenthe
  • Apr 8 Congregation Shearith Israel opens the 1st North American synagogue in New York City on Mill Street in Lower Manhattan
  • Jul 12 Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII
  • Jul 21 States of Holland put death penalty on "sodomy"
  • Aug 4 Crown prince Frederick of Prussia escapes to England
  • Sep 17 Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
  • Sep 30 Duke Victor Amadeus XI of Savoye resigns
  • Oct 12 Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Dec 3 Colley Cibber is appointed British Poet Laureate under King George II

King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 11 Voltaire's "Brutus" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician
  • Jan 14 William Whipple, American merchant & judge (signatory of the Declaration of Independence), born in Kittery, Maine (d. 1785)
  • Jan 23 Joseph Hewes, American merchant (Declaration of Independence signatory), born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1779)
  • Feb 21 Charles L Fournier, Flemish writer/painter
  • Mar 7 Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (d. 1807)
  • Mar 11 Otto Friedrich Müller, Copenhagen, Danish Naturalist who was a pioneer in the study of microorganisms including bacteria, diatoms, and infusoria
  • Mar 27 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar and critic, born in London (d. 1786)
  • Mar 31 Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)
  • May 10 George Ross, American judge (signed US Declaration of Independence)

Person of interestCharles Watson-Wentworth

May 13 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquis of Rockingham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1765-66, 1782), born in Wentworth, Yorkshire, England (d. 1782)

British Prime Minister Charles Watson-Wentworth
British Prime Minister
Charles Watson-Wentworth
  • Jun 21 Norinaga Motoori, Japanese scientist, born in Matsuzaka, Japan (d. 1801)

Person of interestCharles Messier

Jun 26 Charles Messier, French astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects"), born in Badonviller, Lorraine, France (d. 1817)

Astronomer Charles Messier
Charles Messier
  • Jul 12 Josiah Wedgwood, English pottery designer and manufacturer (Wedgwood), born in Burslem, Staffordshire, England (d. 1795)
  • Aug 27 Johann Georg Hamann, German counter-enlightenment philosopher ("Reason is language"), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1788)

Person of interestFriedrich Wilhelm von Steuben

Sep 17 Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian-American military officer (major general of the Continental Army), born in Magdeburg (d. 1794)

Major General of the Continental Army Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
Major General of the Continental Army
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
  • Oct 1 Richard Stockton, American attorney and signer of Declaration of Independence, born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1781)
  • Nov 10 Oliver Goldsmith, Irish novelist and dramatist (She Stoops to Conquer), born in Kilkenny West, Ireland (d. 1774)
  • Nov 16 Gualtherus van Doeveren, Zealand-Flanders physician, born in Philippine, Zealand, Netherlands (d. 1783)
  • Dec 8 Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch-English physiologist (discovering photosynthesis) and personal physician of Maria Theresa, born in Breda, Staats-Brabant, Dutch Republic (d. 1799)
  • Dec 25 Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1816)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Sep 1 US Founding Father Benjamin Franklin establishes a common-law marriage with Deborah Read

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, English Tory statesman, dies at 82
  • Jan 1 Samuel Sewall, English-American judge & businessman, dies at 77
  • Jan 30 Peter II Alexeyevich, Tsar of Russia (1727-30), dies at 14
  • Feb 21 Benedict XIII [Pietro F Orsini], Pope (1724-30), dies at 81
  • Apr 21 Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician/inventor (forceps), dies at 79
  • May 30 Arabella Churchill, mistress of James II of England, sister of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (b. 1648)
  • Jun 6 Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France, dies at 83
  • Jul 16 Elijiah Fenton, poet, dies
  • Jul 18 François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (b. 1644)
  • Sep 27 Laurence Eusden, English poet, Poet Laureate (1718-30), dies at 42
  • Oct 12 Frederik IV, King of Denmark and Norway (1699-1730), dies at 59
  • Oct 15 Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (b. 1658)
  • Nov 6 Hans Hermann von Katte, Prussian lieutenant, beheaded
  • Nov 21 François de Troy, French portrait artist