On This Day

1731 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 10 Charles Farnese becomes Duke of Parma and Piacenza
  • Mar 16 Treaty of Vienna signed by Prince Eugene of Savoy, Count Sinzendorf and Count Gundacker, Thomas Stahremberg and the British envoy to Vienna, Sir Thomas Robinson.
  • Mar 24 Jerome (aka Hieronimus) de Salis naturalised as British by Act of Parliamentary.
  • Apr 9 British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain
  • May 28 All Hebrew books in Papal State are confiscated

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Jun 24 Freemason and Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen is appointed Provincial Grand Master of Pennsylvania, the first and youngest Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen
  • Jul 22 Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • Sep 3 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Friesland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8 In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st library in the north American colonies

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Nov 30 Beijing hit by an earthquake; about 100,000 die
  • Dec 22 Dutch people revolt against meat tax

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 25 Simon Stijl, Frisian physician/writer
  • Mar 11 Robert Treat Paine, judge, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Apr 23 William Williams, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1811)

Person of interestMartha Washington

Jun 13 Martha Washington, 1st US First Lady (1789-97), born in Kent County, Virginia (d. 1802) [OS June 2]

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • Jul 3 Samuel Huntington, American politician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in Windham, Connecticut (d. 1796)
  • Sep 2 Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)
  • Sep 9 Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican Jesuit teacher and writer, born in Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1787)
  • Oct 10 Henry Cavendish, England, physicist and chemist (discovered hydrogen), born in Nice (d. 1810)

Person of interestBenjamin Banneker

Nov 9 Benjamin Banneker, African American mathematician and surveyor of Washington, D.C., born in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland (d. 1806

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • Nov 26 William Cowper, English pre-romantic poet (His Task), born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1800)
  • Dec 6 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • Dec 7 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron, French scholar and interpreter, born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • Dec 12 Erasmus Darwin, influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (grandfather of Charles Darwin), born in Newark-on-Trent, England (d. 1807)
  • Dec 26 Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 Étienne François Geoffroy, French physician and chemist (1718 affinity table), dies at 58
  • Jan 21 Thomas Woolston, English theologian (b. 1669)
  • Feb 22 Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist, dies at 92
  • Mar 8 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor and carver of the Baroque era, dies at 42
  • Mar 15 Adolf H van Rechteren, Dutch diplomat/politician, dies at 75

Person of interestDaniel Defoe

Apr 24 Daniel Defoe, English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), dies at about 70

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
  • Sep 7 Yevdokiya Lopukhina, Tsarina of Russia as the first wife of Peter I of Russia, dies at 62
  • Sep 20 Sicco van Goslinga, Fries diplomat/sect of High Council, dies at 67
  • Dec 26 Antoine Houdar de la Motte, French writer (b. 1672)
  • Dec 29 Brook Taylor, English mathematician, discoverer of Taylor's Theorem, dies at 46