On This Day

1732 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 21 Russia & Persia sign Treaty of Riascha
  • Jan 29 Paris churchyard of Saint-Medard closed after Jansenistic ritual
  • Feb 1 Parliament of Ratisborn accepts Pragmatic Sanctions
  • Feb 2 King Frederik Willem I moves Lutherans towards East-Prussia
  • Feb 20 Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
  • Feb 26 1st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, St Joseph's, Philadelphia
  • Jun 9 Royal charter for Georgia granted to James Oglethorpe
  • Aug 1 Foundations laid for Bank of England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13 Voltaire's "Zaire" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
  • Sep 2 Pope Clement XII renews anti-Jewish laws of Rome
  • Sep 6 VOC dismisses Dutch east indies governor-general Diederik Dare
  • Nov 14 First professional librarian in north America, Louis Timothee, hired in Philadelphia
  • Dec 6 1st play in American colonies acted by professional players in New York
  • Dec 13 Prussia joins Austria and Russia in signing the Treaty of Berlin, a secret treaty regarding succession to the Polish throne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 19 Benjamin Franklin under the name Richard Saunders begins publication of "Poor Richard's Almanack"

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Dec 28 1st known ad for "Poor Richard's Almanack" (Pennsylvania Gazette)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 6 Matija A Reljkovic, Habsburg military officer & Croatian writer (Satir iliti divji covic), born in Davor, Croatia (d. 1798)
  • Jan 17 Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)
  • Jan 20 Richard Henry Lee, American farmer (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Westmoreland county, Virginia (d. 1794)
  • Jan 24 Pierre de Beaumarchais, French polymath and dramatist (The Marriage of Figaro, Barber of Seville), born in Paris, France (d. 1799)
  • Feb 6 Charles Lee, General in the American Revolution, born in Darnhall, United Kingdom (d. 1782)

Person of interestGeorge Washington

Feb 22 George Washington, 1st President of the United States (1789-97) and Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, born in Westmoreland, Virginia (d. 1799)

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Mar 1 William Cushing, 2nd Chief Justice of the United States, born in Scituate, Massachusetts Bay, British America (d. 1810)
  • Mar 23 Marie Adélaïde of France, daughter of Louis XV (d. 1800)
  • Apr 5 Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (The Swing), born in Paris (d. 1806)
  • Apr 8 David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician, born in Paper Mill Run, Pennsylvania (d. 1796)

Person of interestFrederick North

Apr 13 Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Tory: 1770-82), "who lost America", born in London (d. 1792)

British Prime Minister Frederick North
British Prime Minister
Frederick North
  • Apr 18 George Colman the Elder, English dramatist, born in Florence (d. 1794)
  • Aug 8 Johann C Adelung, German linguist/librarian
  • Sep 6 Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist, born in Wismar, Germany (d. 1796)

Person of interestJacques Necker

Sep 30 Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI whose decisions contributed to the outbreak of the French Revolution, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1804)

Finance Minister Jacques Necker
Finance Minister
Jacques Necker
  • Nov 9 Julie de Lespinasse, French aristocrat, hostess and writer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1776)

Person of interestJohn Dickinson

Nov 13 John Dickinson, American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania, born in Talbot County, Maryland (d. 1808)

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson
  • Dec 6 Warren Hastings, 1st governor-general of India (1773-84), born in Churchill, Oxfordshire (d. 1818)

Person of interestRichard Arkwright

Dec 23 Richard Arkwright, English industrialist and inventor (created the spinning frame), born in Preston, England (d. 1792)

Industrialist and Inventor Richard Arkwright
Industrialist and Inventor
Richard Arkwright

Deaths in History

  • Jan 12 John Horsley, British archaeologist (b. 1685)
  • Feb 13 Charles-René d'Hozier, French historian (b. 1640)
  • Feb 22 Francis Atterbury, English bishop and man of letters (b. 1663)
  • Feb 24 Colonel Francis Charteris, known as "The Rape-Master General". (b. 1675)
  • Mar 20 Johann Ernst Hanxleden, German philologist (b. 1681)
  • Apr 18 Louis Feuillée, French explorer, dies at 72
  • May 20 Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (b. 1676)
  • Jun 3 Pieter Vuyst, Dutch GovernorGeneral of Ceylon, executed
  • Sep 12 Jean Philippe Eugène de Mérode, Belgian marquis of Westerloo, dies at 58
  • Sep 24 Emperor Reigen, 112th Emperor of Japan, dies at 78
  • Oct 31 Victor Amadeus II of Savoy (b. 1666)