On This Day

1736 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 26 Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates his throne
  • Feb 5 Methodists John and Charles Wesley arrive in Savannah, Georgia
  • Mar 31 Bellevue Hospital founded in a New York City almshouse - 1st public hospital in the US

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Apr 20 French mathematician Pierre Louis Maupertuis begins Lapland expedition to measure latitude and shape of the earth, joined by fellow scientists Anders Celsius, Charles Etienne Louis Camus, Alexis Clairaut, and Pierre-Charles Le Monnier

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Anders Celsius
  • May 26 Battle of Ackia (Louisiana), British & Chickasaw Indians defeat French
  • Dec 3 Astronomer Anders Celsius takes measurements that confirm Newton's theory that the earth was an ellipsoid rather than the previously accepted sphere

Birthdays in History

Person of interestJames Watt

Jan 19 James Watt, Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer and chemist (steam engine), born in Greenock, Scotland (d. 1819)

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • Jan 19 Laurens Pieter van de Spiegel, Dutch Grand Pensionary of Zeeland and Holland (1787-95)
  • Jan 25 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician & astronomer (number theory, celestial mechanics), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1813)

Person of interestAnn Lee

Feb 29 Ann Lee, American Founder of the Shakers, born in Manchester, England (d. 1784)

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • Mar 23 Iman Willem Falck, Dutch governor of Ceylon (1765-83), born in Colombo, Sri Lanka (d. 1785)

Person of interestPatrick Henry

May 29 Patrick Henry, American Revolutionary and Founding Father famous for his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech, born in Studley, Colony of Virginia, British America (d. 1799)

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • Jun 5 Corneille-François de Nélis, Flemish scholar and bishop of Antwerp, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1798)
  • Jun 14 Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist (formulated Coulomb's Law), born in Angoulême, France (d. 1806)
  • Jul 6 Daniel Morgan, American soldier and politician (Battle of Cowpens, Whiskey Rebellion), born in Hunterdon County, New Jersey (d. 1802)
  • Jul 10 Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, born in St James's, Westminster, Middlesex (d. 1807)
  • Aug 26 Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l'Isle, French chemist (d. 1790)
  • Sep 10 Carter Braxton, American farmer and signer (Declaration of Independence), born in King and Queen County, Virginia (d. 1797)
  • Sep 15 Jean-Sylvain Bailly, French astronomer noted for his computation of an orbit for Halley’s Comet (1759) and author of History of Ancient Astronomy from Its Origin to the Establishment of the School of Alexandria, born in Paris (d. 1793)
  • Sep 16 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, born in Tetenbüll, Duchy of Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1807)
  • Nov 3 Christiaan Brunings, Dutch hydraulic engineer, born in Mannheim-Neckarau, Germany (d. 1805)
  • Nov 11 Johann Heinrich Schepp, German-Dutch engraver, born in Diez, Germany
  • Nov 26 Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, French publisher (Mercure de France), born in Lille, France (d. 1798)

Weddings in History

  • Feb 12 Maria Theresa Habsburg marries French Stefanus (emperor Francois I)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 17 Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect, dies at 73
  • Jan 31 Filippo Juvarra, Italian architect, dies at 57
  • Feb 7 Stephen Gray, English astronomer and scientist (b. 1666)
  • Mar 25 Nicholas Hawksmoor, British architect (English Baroque)
  • Apr 21 Frans Eugenius, duke/prince of Savoye, dies at 72
  • Apr 24 Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (b. 1663)
  • Apr 30 Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer, dies at 67
  • May 2 Albert Seba, Amsterdam pharmacist, dies at 71
  • Jul 1 Ahmed III, 23rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1703-30), dies at 62
  • Jul 16 Thomas Yalden, poet/fable writer, dies

Person of interestDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

Sep 16 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Dutch-German-Polish physicist, inventor and scientific instrument maker, who invented the thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale, dies at 50

Inventor and Physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Inventor and Physicist
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
  • Sep 19 Feofan Prokopovich, Russian Orthodox theologian and Archbishop of Novgorod, dies at 55
  • Dec 1 Simon van Slingelandt, Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36), dies at 72
  • Dec 10 António Manoel de Vilhena, Portuguese ruler of Malta (b. 1663)
  • Dec 21 Alessandro Galilei, Italian architect (Cappella Corsini), dies at 45