On This Day

1737 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 20 French minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12 Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • Apr 4 Anthony van Heim installed as Dutch pension advisor
  • Jul 18 Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
  • Jul 31 Prince Frederick of Wales escapes English court
  • Aug 18 First public admittance to the Salon de Paris art exhibition at the Louvre in Paris
  • Sep 17 Georg-August University opens in Göttingen
  • Sep 20 Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony
  • Oct 7 A cyclone causes 40 foot waves that are believed to have killed 300,000 in Calcutta, India
  • Oct 11 Earthquake kills 300,000 and destroys half of Calcutta, India
  • Nov 4 The Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, inaugurated.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 19 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Fr writer (Paul et Virgin)

Person of interestJohn Hancock

Jan 23 John Hancock, American merchant & statesman who was 1st to sign the Declaration of Independence, born in Braintree, Massachusetts (d. 1793)

Statesman John Hancock
John Hancock

Person of interestThomas Paine

Jan 29 Thomas Paine, English-American political essayist (Common Sense, Age of Reason), born in Thetford, England (d. 1809)

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
  • Mar 20 Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King of Thailand (d. 1809)
  • Mar 23 Arthur St. Clair, American soldier and politician (President of the Continental Congress, 1787), born in Thurso, Scotland (d. 1818)
  • Apr 19 Geert Reinders, Dutch cattle breeder and inoculation propagandist, born in Bedum, Netherlands (d. 1815)

Person of interestWilliam Petty

May 2 William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1782-83), born in Dublin, Kingdom of Ireland (d. 1805)

British Prime Minister William Petty
British Prime Minister
William Petty

Person of interestEdward Gibbon

May 8 Edward Gibbon, English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), born in Putney, England (d. 1794)

Historian Edward Gibbon
Edward Gibbon
  • May 14 George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, British statesman (d. 1806)
  • Jun 20 Tokugawa Ieharu, tenth shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan (1760 to 1786), born in Edo, Japan (d. 1786)
  • Jul 15 Louise of France, French princess daughter of King Louis XV and Marie Leszczyńska and Carmelite prioress, born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1787)
  • Jul 31 Princess Augusta Frederica of Great Britain, born in London, England (d. 1813)
  • Aug 10 Anton Losenko, Russian painter (d. 1773)
  • Aug 11 Joseph Nollekins, sculptor, born in London, England
  • Aug 14 Charles Hutton, English mathematician and surveyor, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1823)
  • Sep 7 Luigi Galvani, Italian anatomist and physicist, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1798)
  • Sep 19 Charles Carroll, Wealthy Maryland planter who was the last signer of the Declaration of Independence to pass away, born in Annapolis, Province of Maryland, British America (d. 1832)
  • Oct 31 James Lovell, American educator and statesman, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1789)
  • Dec 26 Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (d. 1815)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 29 George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (b. 1666)
  • Feb 3 Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)
  • Feb 14 Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot of Hensol, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1685)
  • Feb 20 Elizabeth Rowe, poet, dies
  • Mar 7 Guido Starhemberg, Austrian earl and fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars), dies at 79
  • Mar 16 Benjamin Wadsworth, President of Harvard University (b. 1670)
  • May 3 Abraham Patras, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1735-37), dies at 65
  • May 4 Eustace Budgell, English writer (The Spectator, writing 37 numbers signed X), dies at 50
  • May 10 Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (b. 1702)
  • May 12 Cornelis van Alkemade, Dutch historian, dies at 83
  • May 17 Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian, dies at 75
  • Jul 9 de' Medici, last Medici-grand duke of Toscane, dies
  • Sep 27 John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councillor, dies at 57
  • Nov 5 Johan Willem, Duke of Ripperda, Dutch political adventurer, dies at 55
  • Nov 20 Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach, German born Queen of Great Britain, consort to King George II, dies at 54
  • Dec 11 John Strype, English historian and biographer, dies at 94
  • Dec 19 James Louis Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland, dies at 70
  • Dec 27 William Bowyer, English printer (b. 1663)
  • Dec 29 Joseph Saurin, French mathematician (b. 1659)