On This Day

1738 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 28 Parliament sends an address to the king requesting that he demand redress from Spain (War of Jenkin's Ear)
  • Apr 18 Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") founded in Madrid
  • May 9 Britain sends fleet to the Mediterranean Sea & West Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 John Wesley is converted, launching the Methodist movement; celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day

Evangelist John Wesley
Evangelist
John Wesley
  • May 25 A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.
  • May 27 Turkish troops occupy Orsova and Ochakov in eastern Europe
  • Jul 20 North America: French explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye reaches the western shore of Lake Michigan
  • Aug 2 France offers emperor Karel VI mediation in war against Turkey

AgreementContract of Interest

Sep 26 Scottish philosopher David Hume enters into a contract to publish the first two volumes of his seminal work "A Treatise of Human Nature" with John Noon in London

Philosopher David Hume
Philosopher
David Hume
  • Nov 18 France & Austria sign peace treaty
  • Dec 9 Jews are expelled from Breslau Silesia

Birthdays in History


Person of interestEthan Allen

Jan 10 Ethan Allen, American Revolutionary War patriot (lead the Green Mountain Boys), born in Litchfield, Connecticut (d. 1789)

American Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan Allen
American Revolutionary War Patriot
Ethan Allen
  • Mar 11 Benjamin Tupper, Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (d. 1792)
  • Mar 15 Cesare Beccaria, Italian criminologist and politician, born in Milan (d. 1794)

Person of interestWilliam Cavendish-Bentinck

Apr 14 William Cavendish-Bentinck, British 3rd Duke of Portland, Whig Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783, 1807-09), born in Nottinghamshire, (d. 1809)

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
  • Apr 16 Henry Clinton, British army officer and politician, born in Newfoundland, British Canada (d. 1795)

Person of interestKamehameha I

May 1 Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819), born in Kohala, Hawaii (d. 1819)

King of Hawaii Kamehameha I
King of Hawaii
Kamehameha I
  • May 8 Mikhail Kamensky, Russian field marshal, born in Russian Empire (d. 1809)
  • May 9 John Wolcot, English satirist (Peter Pindar), baptized in Dodbrooke, Kingsbridge, Devon (d. 1819)
  • May 27 Nathaniel Gorham, American politician (6th President of the Confederation Congress), born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1796)
  • May 28 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, born in Saintes, France (d.1814)

Person of interestGeorge III

Jun 4 George III, King of Great Britain (1760-1820), born in London, England

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • Jun 16 Mary Katharine Goddard, American printer and publisher (d. 1816)
  • Jun 22 Jacques Delille, French poet and translator (d. 1813)
  • Jul 3 John Singleton Copley, American painter of portraits and historical objects, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1815)
  • Jul 11 Albert Casimir, Duke of Teschen and Governor of the Austrian Netherlands, born in Moritzburg, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1822)
  • Jul 24 Elizabeth "Betje" Wolff-Bekker, Dutch author and poet (Sara Burgerhart), born in Flushing, Netherlands (d. 1804)
  • Aug 1 Jacques François Dugommier, French general, born in Trois-Rivières, Guadeloupe, France (d. 1794)
  • Sep 22 Dionysius Godefridus van der Keessel, Dutch jurist (Theses Selectae, Select Theses on the Laws of Holland and Zeeland), born in Deventer, Overijssel (d. 1816)
  • Sep 25 Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware, born in New Castle County, Delaware (d. 1789)
  • Oct 6 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, second child of Francis I Holy Roman Emperor, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1789)
  • Oct 10 Benjamin West, Anglo-American painter (Death of General Wolfe), born in Springfield, Province of Pennsylvania (d. 1820)

Person of interestArthur Phillip

Oct 11 Arthur Phillip, British admiral, 1st Governor of New South Wales (1788-92), born in Cheapside, London (d. 1814)

1st Governor of New South Wales Arthur Phillip
1st Governor of New South Wales
Arthur Phillip

Person of interestWilliam Herschel

Nov 15 William Herschel, German-British astronomer (discovered Uranus), born in Hanover, Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1822)

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • Dec 2 Richard Montgomery, Irish General in Continental Army during American Revolutionary War, born in Swords, Dublin (d. 1775)
  • Dec 26 Thomas Nelson, merchant, signer of Declaration of Independence

Person of interestCharles Cornwallis

Dec 31 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British general and colonial administrator (leading British general in the American War of Independence), born in London (d. 1805)

General and Colonial Administrator Charles Cornwallis
General and Colonial Administrator
Charles Cornwallis

Deaths in History

  • Feb 15 Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (b. 1684)
  • Mar 16 George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden), dies at 72
  • May 1 Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, English statesman (b. c. 1669)
  • Jun 5 Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor, dies at 79
  • Jun 21 Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, English statesman (b. 1674)
  • Jul 15 Alexander Voznitsyn, Rus Naval officer converted to Judaism, executed
  • Jul 15 Baruch Leibov, converted Russian Naval officer to Judaism, executed
  • Aug 9 Pierre Drevet, French engraver, dies at 75
  • Aug 16 Joe Miller, English comic, dies
  • Sep 23 Hermannus Boerhaave, medical/botanist, dies at 69
  • Dec 22 Constantia Jones, British prostitute, executed on theft allegations at 30