On This Day

1739 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica
  • Jan 14 Britain and Spain sign 2nd Convention of Pardo
  • Feb 24 Battle of Karnal: Army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah
  • Mar 20 Iranian ruler Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Apr 5 French and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI sign secret treaty

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • Apr 7 Dick Turpin executed in England for horse stealing
  • Apr 21 Spain & Naples-Austria sign peace accord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 King George II authorises the Admiralty Board to seek maritime reprisals against Spain (War of Jenkin's Ear)

King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II
  • Jul 22 Ottoman Empire defeats Austria at Crocyka (Krotzka) in Serbia and then successfully lays siege to Belgrade
  • Jul 30 Caspar Wistar begins glass manufacturing in Allowaystown, New Jersey
  • Sep 1 35 Jews sentenced to life in prison in Lisbon Portugal
  • Sep 9 Slave revolt in Stono SC led by Jemmy (25 whites killed)
  • Sep 18 Turkey & Austria sign peace treaty-Austria cedes Belgrade to Turks
  • Sep 23 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Belgrade
  • Oct 3 The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish War, 1736-1739.
  • Oct 19 England declares war on Spain [OS=Oct 30]

BattleDeclaration of War

Oct 23 War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • Oct 30 Great Britain declares war on Spain: War of Jenkins' Ear [NS=Oct 19]

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Henrik C Cras, Dutch lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii)
  • Jan 19 Joseph Bonomi the Elder, Italian architect (d. 1808)
  • Jan 25 Charles François Dumouriez, French general, born in Cambrai, France (d. 1823)
  • Feb 15 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect (d. 1813)
  • Mar 5 Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (d. 1819)
  • Mar 16 George Clymer, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence, Constitution)
  • Mar 19 Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (d. 1824)

Person of interestGeorge Clinton

Jul 26 George Clinton, American soldier and 4th Vice President (1805-12), born in Little Britain, New York (d. 1812)

US Vice President George Clinton
US Vice President
George Clinton
  • Sep 17 John Rutledge, American 2nd Chief Justice of the United States, born in Charleston, South Carolina, British America (d. 1800)
  • Oct 30 Grigory Potemkin, Russian military leader, statesman and favorite of Catherine the Great, born in Chizhovo near Smolensk (d. 1791)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 26 Taxonomist Carolus Linnaeus (32) weds Sara Elisabeth Moræa

Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus

Deaths in History

  • Jan 20 Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer, dies at 80
  • Apr 7 Dick Turpin, English highwayman (hanged) (b. 1706)
  • Apr 19 Nicholas Saunderson, mathematician, dies
  • May 6 Bernardus Smijtegelt, Dutch vicar (Gekrookte Reed), dies at 63
  • Jul 25 Johannes van der Hagen, Dutch vicar and genealogist, dies at 73
  • Sep 3 George Lillo, English dramatist (Fatal Curiosity), dies at 46
  • Sep 8 Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (b. 1668)
  • Oct 18 Antônio José da Silva, Brazilian-born dramatist (b. 1705)