On This Day

1740 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 3 Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 Construction begins on evangelist George Whitefield's Bethesda Orphanage in Georgia

Anglican Preacher George Whitefield
Anglican Preacher
George Whitefield
  • Jun 22 King Frederik II of Prussia ends torture and guarantees religion & freedom of the press
  • Jul 11 Jews are expelled from Little Russia by order of Tsarina Anne
  • Jul 17 Prospero Lambertini chosen Pope Benedictus XIV
  • Aug 13 Hunger strike in Rotterdam
  • Oct 8 Chinese assault on Diestpoort Batavia
  • Oct 9 Dutch governor general Adriaen Valckenier allows murder of 8,000 Chinese inhabitants of Batavia
  • Oct 12 English evangelist George Whitefield preaches to 30,000 people in Boston in the US during the 'Great Awakening'
  • Oct 17 Ivan VI becomes Tsar of Russia
  • Oct 20 Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia
  • Oct 28 Ivan VI becomes Tsar of Russia [OS=Oct 17]

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Nov 5 The third volume of philosopher David Hume's seminal work "A Treatise of Human Nature" is published by Thomas Longman

Philosopher David Hume
David Hume
  • Dec 16 Prussian Libya falls to Silezie

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 7 Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl/general/MP
  • Feb 16 Giambattista Bodoni, Saluzzo Italy, printer/typeface designer (Bodoni)
  • Feb 17 Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist
  • Mar 6 Giovanni Meli, Siclian poet (Buccolica)
  • Apr 2 Armand-Gaston Camus, French revolutionist and Chairman of the Council of 500, born in Paris (d. 1804)

Person of interestHaym Salomon

Apr 7 Haym Salomon, Polish-born American broker who helped finance the American Revolution, born in Leszno, Poland (d. 1785)

Financier Haym Salomon
Haym Salomon
  • Apr 18 Francis Baring, English merchant and banker, born in Larkbeare House, Exeter
  • May 2 Elias Boudinot, American lawyer and patriot, President of the Continental Congress, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1821)
  • May 7 Nikolai Arkharov, Russian general (d. 1814)

Person of interestMarquis de Sade

Jun 2 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine). The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name., born in Paris, France (d/ 1814)

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • Jun 18 Karel van Poucke, Flemish sculptor, born in Diksmuide, West Flanders, Belgium (d. 1809)
  • Jun 21 Hendrik van Wijn, Dutch histrorian and archivist (Algemeen Rijksarchief), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1831)
  • Jul 27 Jeanne Baré, French explorer, born in Loire Valley, France (d. 1803)
  • Aug 15 Matthias Claudius, German poet, born in Reinfeld, Duchy of Holstein (d. 1815)
  • Aug 23 Ivan VI, Emperor of Russia (1740-41), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1764)
  • Aug 26 Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, French aeronaut (ballooning)
  • Sep 7 Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1814)
  • Sep 12 Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (Heinrich Stillings Leben), born in Hilchenbach, Germany (d. 1817)
  • Sep 23 Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1813)
  • Oct 14 Joannes Siberg, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1801-05), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1817)
  • Oct 20 Belle van Zuylen, Dutch-Swiss writer (Three Women), born at Castle Zuylen near Utrecht (d. 1805)
  • Oct 29 James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson and diarist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1795)
  • Oct 31 William Paca, American judge and signer (Declaration of Independence), born in Abingdon, Maryland (d. 1799)
  • Nov 14 Johann van Beethoven, Ludwig van Beethoven's father and first teacher (d. 1792)
  • Nov 24 John Bacon, English sculptor
  • Dec 30 Princess Elizabeth Caroline of Wales (d. 1759)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 27 Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France, dies at 47
  • Feb 6 Clement XII [Lorenzo Corsini], Italian Pope (1730-40) who despite ill health and total blindness (1732) unsuccessfully stemmed decline of papal influence, dies at 87
  • Feb 29 Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal and grandnephew of Pope Alexander VIII, dies at 72
  • Apr 23 Thomas Tickell, English writer and poet, dies at 54
  • Apr 25 Shrimant Baji Rao Vishwanath Bhat, also known as Baji Rao I, a general and Peshwa (b. 1699)
  • May 15 Ephraim Chambers, English encyclopaedist (b. 1680)
  • May 17 Jean Cavalier, French Huguenot chief of the Camisards, dies at 58
  • May 31 Frederik Willem I, King of Prussia (1713-1740), dies at 51
  • Jun 1 Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (b. 1657)
  • Jun 6 Alexander Spotswood, British governor of Virginia Colony
  • Jun 17 Sir William Wyndham, English politician (b. 1687)
  • Jul 6 Claudius Amyand, French-born British surgeon who performed first appendectomy, dies at about 80
  • Jul 19 Francois van Aerssen, Dutch vice-admiral (Suriname, Algeria), dies at 71
  • Oct 5 Johann Philipp Baratier, German scholar (b. 1721)

Person of interestCharles VI

Oct 20 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1711-40), dies after falling ill on a hunting trip at 55

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • Oct 28 Anna Ivanova Romanova, Empress of Russia (1730-40), dies at 47
  • Dec 20 Richard Boyle, 2nd Viscount Shannon, English military officer and statesman (b. 1675)
  • Dec 26 Mauritius Louis II earl of Nassau, lt-gen (12 children), dies