On This Day

1741 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 13 Andrew Bedford publishes 1st American magazine (American Magazine)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Feb 16 Benjamin Franklin's General Magazine begins publishing

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Mar 4 British fleet under Rear Admiral of the Blue Sir Chaloner Ogle reaches Cartagena de Indias (Colombia)
  • Mar 9 British fleet under admiral Ogle begins assault on Cartagena
  • Apr 10 War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz
  • Apr 13 Dutch people protest poor quality of bread
  • Apr 13 Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich, England
  • May 8 France & Bavaria sign Covenant of Nymphenburg
  • May 28 Spain and Bavaria sign treaty
  • Jun 4 Prussia goes to the Covenant of Nymphenburg
  • Jun 15 Captain Vitus Bering leaves Petropavlovsk, sailing to America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 19 Russian mathematician Leonhard Euler leaves St. Petersburg for a position at the Berlin Academy, offered to him by Frederick the Great of Prussia

Mathematician Leonhard Euler
Leonhard Euler
King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • Jun 30 Pope Benedict XIV encyclical forbidding traffic in alms
  • Jul 15 Alexei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends men ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska
  • Jul 28 Captain Vitus Bering discovers Mount St Elias, Alaska
  • Jul 31 Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.
  • Aug 15 French troops attack the Rhine
  • Aug 20 Alaska first sighted by Danish explorer Vitus Bering at head of Russian expedition
  • Sep 11 Queen Maria Theresa addresses Hungarian Parliament

BattleCoup d'état

Nov 25 Elizabeth of Russia seizes power in a coup with the aid of Imperial Russian guards in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • Nov 26 French & Beiers army occupies Prague
  • Dec 5 -6] Russian princess Elisabeth Petrovna grabs powers
  • Dec 7 Elisabeth Petrovna becomes tsarina of Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 25 Astronomer Anders Celsius introduces Centigrade temperature scale

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Anders Celsius
  • Dec 27 Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia

Birthdays in History

Person of interestBenedict Arnold

Jan 14 Benedict Arnold, American general and turncoat (American Revolutionary War), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1801)

US General and Turncoat Benedict Arnold
US General and Turncoat
Benedict Arnold
  • Jan 27 Hester Thrale, Welsh diarist (d. 1821)
  • Mar 13 Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1764-90), born in Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria (d. 1790)
  • Mar 20 Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (d. 1828)
  • Apr 10 Basílio da Gama, Portuguese poet (O Uraguai), born in Tiradentes, Minas Gerais, Colony of Brazil (d. 1795)
  • Apr 14 Emperor Momozono, 116th Emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1762)
  • Apr 15 Charles Willson Peale, American painter remembered for portraits of leading American Revolution figures (George Washington), born in Chester, Province of Maryland (d. 1827)
  • Apr 17 Samuel Chase, American judge (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Somerset County, Maryland (d. 1811)
  • May 5 John Archer, American Congressman who received the 1st medical diploma issued on US continent (1768), born near Churchville, Maryland (d. 1810)
  • May 17 John Penn, American attorney (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Port Royal, Caroline County, Virginia (d. 1788)
  • Jun 11 Joseph Warren, American physician and soldier, born in Roxbury, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1775)
  • Jun 19 Reinier Vinkeles, Dutch engraver and art collector, born in Amsterdam (d. 1816)
  • Aug 23 Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse, French explorer, born in Albi, France (d. 1788)
  • Aug 25 Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer, born in Bischofswerda, Germany (d. 1792)
  • Aug 31 Husein Gradaščević, Bosniak general, born in Gradačac, Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 1834)
  • Sep 11 Johann Jakob Engel, German author (Herr Lorenz Stark), born in Parchim, Germany (d. 1802)
  • Sep 22 Peter S Pallas, German geologist/zoologist (Siberia/Krim)
  • Oct 18 Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (d. 1803)
  • Oct 30 Angelica Kauffmann, Swiss Neoclassical painter, born in Chur, League of God's House (now Switzerland) (d. 1807)
  • Nov 2 Joan Derk, Baron van der Capellen tot den Pol, Leader of democratic Patriots, born in Tiel, Netherlands (d. 1784)
  • Nov 15 Johann Kaspar Lavater, Swiss writer, philosopher and founder of physiognomics, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1801)
  • Dec 10 Aagje Deken, Dutch writer (For the Elderly & Children), born in Amstelveen, Netherlands (d. 1804)
  • Dec 31 Isabella Maria of Parma, wife of future Holy Roman emperor, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1763)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 17 Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (b. 1671)
  • Mar 31 Pieter Burman the Elder, Dutch classical scholar, dies at 72
  • Apr 28 Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish general & statesman, dies at 73
  • May 25 Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German Protestant theologian, dies at 80
  • Jul 3 Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Queen consort of Sardinia (1737-41), dies at 29
  • Jul 30 Wierich PL count von Daun, gov-gen of Austria & Netherlands, dies
  • Aug 4 Andrew Hamilton, American lawyer
  • Aug 31 Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist, dies at 59
  • Nov 20 Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat, Cardinal and poet, dies at 80
  • Nov 24 Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (b. 1688)
  • Dec 14 Charles Rollin, French historian, dies at 80
  • Dec 19 Vitus Bering, Danish navigator and explorer (explored Bering Strait and Alaska coast), dies after being shipwrecked at 60