On This Day

1742 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 24 German leaders elect Charles VII Albert Emperor
  • Feb 1 Sardinia and Austria sign alliance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 British government of Robert Walpole resigns

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • Feb 9 Sir Robert Walpole, often referred to as the first British Prime Minister, ennobled as 1st Earl of Orford

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 16 Spencer Compton becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain (First Lord of the Treasury)

British Prime Minister Spencer Compton
British Prime Minister
Spencer Compton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25 Elizabeth of Russia crowns herself Empress in the Dormition Cathedral in Moscow

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

May 17 Battle of Chotusitz: Prussia led by Frederick the Great defeats Austria

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • Jun 9 Battle of Bloody Marsh-Spanish assault on Simons Island, Georgia

InventionHistoric Invention

Jun 11 Benjamin Franklin invents his Franklin stove

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Jul 28 Maria Theresa of Austria and Prussian King Frederick the Great sign a peace treaty in Berlin
  • Aug 29 Edmond Hoyle published his "Short Treatise" on the card game whist
  • Sep 24 Faneuil Hall, Boston, opens to the public
  • Nov 7 Empress Elizabeth of Russia proclaims her nephew Peter of Holstein-Gottorp (later Peter III) her heir
  • Nov 18 Prussia and Great Britain sign an anti-French military covenant
  • Dec 1 Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • Dec 13 Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 8 Philip Astley, English 'Father of the Modern Circus', born in Newcastle-under-Lyme, England (d. 1814)
  • Jan 24 Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn (d. 1808)
  • Mar 19 Zacharias H Alewijn, Dutch literary/poet
  • Mar 19 Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)
  • May 13 Archduchess Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (d. 1798)
  • May 18 Lionel Lukin, British life boat pioneer, born in Great Dunmow, Essex (d. 1834)
  • Jun 17 William Hooper, American attorney and signer of U.S. Declaration of Independence, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1790)
  • Jun 26 Arthur Middleton, American signer (Declaration of Independence), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1787)
  • Jul 1 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist and writer (types of Lichtenberg), born in Ober-Ramstadt, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1799)

Person of interestNathanael Greene

Aug 7 Nathanael Greene, American Military Leader (major general during the American Revolutionary War), born in Potowomut, Rhode Island (d. 1786)

US General Nathanael Greene
US General
Nathanael Greene

Person of interestPius VII

Aug 14 Pius VII [Luigi Barnaba Gregorio Chiaramonti], Italian bishop of Imola and Pope (1800-23), born in Cesena, Italy (d. 1823)

Bishop of Imola and Pope Pius VII
Bishop of Imola and Pope
Pius VII
  • Sep 14 James Wilson, One of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a signatory of the U.S. Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, born in Carskerdo, Scotland (d. 1798)
  • Oct 12 Johann Peter Melchior, German sculptor, born in Lindorf, Germany (d. 1825)
  • Nov 5 Richard Cosway, English portrait painter, born in Tiverton, England (d. 1821)
  • Dec 9 Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Swedish pharmacist and chemist (lemon acid), born in Stralsund, Swedish Pomerania (d. 1786)
  • Dec 16 Gebhard Fürst Blücher von Wahlstatt, German Field Marshal (d. 1819)
  • Dec 25 Charlotte von Stein, German friend of Goethe (d. 1827)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman, dies at 55

Person of interestEdmond Halley

Jan 14 Edmond Halley, English mathematician and astronomer (Halley's comet), dies at 85 [NS=Jan 25]

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • Feb 22 Charles Rivington, English publisher (b. 1688)
  • Feb 28 Willem 's-Gravesande, Dutch mathematician and physicist, dies at 53
  • Mar 23 Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French writer (b. 1670)
  • Apr 2 James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • Apr 10 Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire Empress, dies at 68
  • Apr 17 Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (b. 1664)
  • May 13 Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (b. 1719)
  • May 14 Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop, dies at 64
  • May 21 Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (b. 1664)
  • May 26 Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina and diplomat, dies at 69
  • Jun 16 Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, Queen consort of Spain, dies at 32
  • Jun 18 John Aislabie, English politician (Chancellor of the Exchequer), dies at 71
  • Jul 4 Luigi Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician and monk, dies at 70
  • Jul 9 John Oldmixon, English historian (b. 1673)
  • Jul 14 Richard Bentley, English classical scholar who started the 1st written examinations in the West at Cambridge, dies at 80
  • Jul 19 John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor, dies at 45
  • Jul 19 William Somervile, English poet (b. 1675)
  • Sep 24 Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (b. 1684)
  • Sep 27 Hugh Boulter, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (b. 1672)
  • Sep 28 Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman, dies at 79
  • Nov 12 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • Dec 31 Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine (1716-42), dies at 81