On This Day

1743 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 3 Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
  • Feb 8 Comet C/1743 C1 approaches within 0.0390 AUs of Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 14 Henry Pelham becomes Britain's First Lord of Treasury

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham
  • Mar 5 1st US religious journal, The Christian History, published in Boston
  • Mar 14 1st American town meeting is held in Boston's Faneuil Hall

Battle of InterestBattle of Dettingen

Jun 27 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.

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King George II with the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Dettingen
King George II with the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Dettingen
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  • Jul 18 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
  • Aug 10 Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated
  • Aug 14 Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
  • Aug 17 Treaty of Åbo signed in Turku by Sweden and Russian Empire, ending the Russo-Swedish War (1741-1743)
  • Sep 13 Great Britain, Austria and Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • Nov 5 Coordinated scientific observations of the transit of Mercury were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 21 John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)

Person of interestJoseph Banks

Feb 13 Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist who accompanied James Cook on board the Endeavour, born in London (d. 1820)

Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks

Person of interestThomas Jefferson

Apr 13 Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (1801-09), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1826)

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Apr 24 Edmund Cartwright, English inventor (power loom), born in Marnham, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1823)
  • Apr 30 Robert Jasper van der Capellen, Dutch politician and Master of Marsch, born in Eefde, Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1814)
  • May 17 Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader, born in Roxbury, Connecticut (d. 1784)

Person of interestJean-Paul Marat

May 24 Jean-Paul Marat, French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), born in Boudry, Prussia (d. 1793)

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat
  • Jun 8 Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1795)
  • Jul 3 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, Queen consort of Sweden, born in Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1813)
  • Jul 14 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
  • Jul 31 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist
  • Aug 19 Marie Jeanne Becu, Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV, born in Vaucouleurs, France (d. 1793)
  • Aug 26 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), born in Paris, France (d. 1794)

Person of interestMarquis de Condorcet

Sep 17 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, born in Ribemont, Picardy, France (d. 1794)

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • Sep 22 Quintin Craufurd, British author (d. 1819)
  • Nov 11 Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist, born in Jönköping, Sweden (d. 1828)
  • Dec 1 Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)
  • Dec 23 Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian author (Dushenka), born in Perevolochna, Cossack Hetmanate (d. 1803)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer, dies at 85
  • Jan 7 Anne Sophie Reventlow, Queen of Denmark and Norway (1721-30), dies at 49
  • Jan 29 Andre Hercule Fleury, French cardinal (1726-43), dies
  • Feb 18 Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, last of the Medicis (b. 1667)
  • Apr 4 Daniel Neal, English historian, dies at 64
  • Apr 16 Cornelis van Bijnkershoek, Dutch jurist who helped develop international law along positivist lines, dies at 69
  • Apr 29 Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (b. 1658)
  • Apr 30 Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian poet (Obras Dramaticas), dies at 79

Person of interestSpencer Compton

Jul 2 Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Whig: 1742-43) statesman who served in government from 1715 until his death, dies at about 70

British Prime Minister Spencer Compton
British Prime Minister
Spencer Compton
  • Aug 1 Richard Savage, English poet and playwright, dies at about 46
  • Aug 5 John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (b. 1696)
  • Sep 14 Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • Sep 21 Jai Singh II, King of Amber-Juiper (b. 1688)
  • Oct 4 John Campbell, 2nd duke of Argyll and field marshal (Union of 1707), dies at 64
  • Dec 27 Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter, dies at 84