On This Day

1744 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 8 French and Spanish fleet leave Toulon
  • Feb 9 Battle at Toulon (French/Spanish vs English fleet of Adm Matthews)
  • Feb 22 Battle of Toulon or Battle of Cape Sicié: British vs. French & Spanish fleet
  • Mar 11 English auction house Sotheby's holds its first ever auction (of books) in London
  • Mar 15 French King Louis XV declares war on Britain
  • May 17 French army takes Austrian Netherlands
  • May 31 French troops conquer Kortrijk
  • Jun 6 France and Prussia sign peace treaty
  • Sep 30 France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo.
  • Nov 24 John Carteret resigns as British Secretary of State for the Northern Department
  • Nov 25 Austrian forces pillage & kill Jews of Prague

InventionScientific Discovery

Dec 31 English astronomer James Bradley announces discovery of Earth's nutation motion (wobble)

Astronomer James Bradley
James Bradley

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 5 John Jeffries, colonial physician and meteorologist
  • Feb 6 Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist & surgeon, born in Vouhenans, France (d. 1795)
  • Feb 21 Eise J Eisinga, Frisia, built planetarium Franeker
  • Feb 23 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, born in Frankfurt (d. 1812)
  • Mar 13 David Allan, Scottish painter, born in Alloa, Scotland (d. 1796)
  • Apr 18 Pieter 't Hoen, Dutch journalist and patriot (Neder-Rhijn), born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • Apr 22 James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (1807-08), born in Berwick, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1808)
  • May 19 Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1818)
  • May 31 Richard Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish inventor and educationalist, born in Bath, Somerset (d. 1817)
  • Jun 4 Patrick Ferguson, Scottish army officer and rifle inventor (Ferguson flintlock rifle), born in Pitfours, Scotland (d. 1780)
  • Jul 17 Elbridge Gerry, American statesman who invented gerrymandering and 5th Vice President of the United States, born in Marblehead, Massachusetts Bay (d. 1814)
  • Jul 19 Heinrich Christian Boie, German author and editor, born in Meldorf, Germany (d. 1806)

Person of interestJean-Baptiste Lamarck

Aug 1 Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French naturalist (Lamarckian evolution), born in Paris, France (d. 1829)

French Naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
French Naturalist
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
  • Aug 10 "Fanfan" Alexandrine-Jeanne d'Étiolles, daughter of the courtesan Madame de Pompadour, born in Paris, France (d. 1754)
  • Aug 12 Rowland Hill, preacher
  • Aug 25 Johann G von Herder, German philosopher, theologist and poet, born in Morąg, Poland (d. 1803)
  • Sep 20 Giacomo Quarenghi, Italian-Russian master builder and architect (Hermitage Theater), born in Rota d'Imagna, Republic of Venice (d. 1817)
  • Sep 20 Thomas Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War hero (d. 1825)
  • Sep 25 Frederick Willem II, King of Prussia (1786-97), born in Berlin Palace, Berlin (d. 1797)
  • Oct 6 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1813)
  • Oct 7 Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (d. 1819)
  • Oct 27 Mary Moser, English painter (Flowers Still Life), born in London (d. 1819)

Person of interestAbigail Adams

Nov 22 Abigail Adams, 2nd US First Lady (1797-1801) (11/11 O.S.), born in Weymouth Massachusetts (d. 1818)

2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States
Abigail Adams
  • Dec 19 Jacobus J Cramer, priest of Holland/Zealand/West-Friesland

Deaths in History

  • Jan 23 Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)
  • Jan 26 Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal, dies at 60
  • Feb 14 John Hadley, English mathematician and inventor (octant), dies at 61
  • Feb 29 John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British natural philosopher and freemason, dies at 60
  • Mar 3 Jean Barbeyrac, French jurist
  • Mar 4 John Anstis, Garter King of Arms (b. 1669)

Person of interestAnders Celsius

Apr 25 Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (proposed the Celsius temperature scale), dies at 42

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Anders Celsius

Person of interestAlexander Pope

May 30 Alexander Pope, English poet (The Rape of the Lock), dies at 56

  • Jul 14 Immanuel J. Pyra, German poet (Temple of True Poetry), dies at 28
  • Aug 9 James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, English patron of the arts (b. 1673)
  • Aug 13 John Cruger, Dutch-born Mayor of New York (b. 1678)
  • Oct 18 Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, close friend of Queen Anne of Great Britain, dies at 84
  • Dec 8 Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle, duchess de Châteauroux, French mistress of King Louis XV of France, dies at 28
  • Dec 23 Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, Duchess of Lorraine, dies at 68