On This Day

1745 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Bonnie Prince Charlies' army draws to Glasgow

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • Jan 8 Britain, Austria, Netherlands & Saxony sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance
  • Feb 15 Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny" premieres in London
  • Feb 18 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Inverness, Scotland
  • Feb 20 Jacobite troops occupy Fort Augustus, Scotland
  • Mar 9 Bells for 1st American carillon shipped from England to Boston
  • Mar 31 Jews are expelled from Prague
  • Apr 2 Austria & Bavaria sign peace
  • May 11 Battle of Fontenoy (Doornik): Austrian Succession war

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 4 Battle at Hohenfriedberg Silezie: Frederick the Great (Prussia) defeats Austrians and Saxons

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great

Birthdays in History


Person of interestAnthony Wayne

Jan 1 Anthony Wayne, American Military Leader (Legion of the United States), born in Easttown Township, Province of Pennsylvania (d. 1796)

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne
  • Jan 6 Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, Annonay, Ardèche, French inventors and 1st pioneer balloonist (Montgolfière-style hot air balloon)
  • Jan 7 Johann Christian Fabricius, Tønder, Danish Entomologist (named nearly 10,000 species)
  • Jan 9 Caleb Strong, 6th and 10th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1819)
  • Jan 23 William Jessop, English canal engineer, born in Plymouth, United Kingdom (d. 1814)

Person of interestAlessandro Volta

Feb 18 Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist and inventor of the 1st battery, born in Como, Italy (d. 1827)

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta
  • Feb 20 Henry James Pye, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1790-1813), born in London (d. 1813)
  • Mar 10 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1807)
  • Apr 20 Philippe Pinel, French physician (the father of modern psychiatry), born in Jonquières, France (d. 1826)
  • Apr 29 Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800), born in Windsor, Connecticut, British America (d. 1807)
  • Jun 8 Caspar Wessel, Danish-Norwegian mathematician, born in Vestby, Norway (d. 1818)
  • Jul 13 Robert Calder, British naval officer, born in Kent, England (d. 1818)
  • Jul 28 Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen, Baltic German courtier and military governor of St Petersburg, born in Palmse, Estonia (d. 1826)
  • Sep 16 Mikhail Kutuzov, Russian field marshal, born in St Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1813)
  • Sep 23 John Sevier, Tennessee, indian fighter (Gov/Rep-Tn)
  • Nov 24 Maria Louisa of Spain, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire, born in Palace of San Ildefonso, Segovia, Spain (d. 1792)

Person of interestJohn Jay

Dec 12 John Jay, US statesman and 1st US Chief Justice, born in NYC, New York (d. 1829)

1st US Chief Justice John Jay
1st US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • Dec 24 Benjamin Rush, American physician & politician (signed the Declaration of Independence), born in Byberry, Philadelphia (d. 1813)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 21 Future Russian Tsar Peter III marries Ekaterina Alexeievna later Catherine II (Catherine the Great)

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Willem Ignatius Kerricx, Flemish architect, sculptor and painter, dies at 62
  • Jan 20 Charles VII Albert, German emperor (1742-45), dies at 47
1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • May 22 François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (b. 1671)

Person of interestJonathan Swift

Oct 19 Jonathan Swift, Irish author and satirist (Gulliver's Travels, A Modest Proposal), dies at 77

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • Nov 16 James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier, dies at 80
  • Dec 8 Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (b. 1683)