On This Day

1746 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Bonnie Prince Charlies army leaves Glasgow, [NS=1/14]

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • Jan 14 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army leaves Glasgow [OS=Jan 3]
  • Jan 17 Battle of Falkirk Muir, the Jacobites under Charles Stuart defeat Hanoverian forces
  • Jan 19 Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Stirling [OS= Jan 8]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10 The Pelham brothers resign from the British government, but resume office when King George II backs down.

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham
King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II
  • Feb 21 Jacobite Rising 1745: British forces surrender Inverness Castle to Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite forces
  • Feb 22 French troops conquer Brussels
  • Feb 22 Jacobite troops vacate Aberdeen
  • Feb 25 The Duke of Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen
  • Mar 5 Jacobite troops leave Aberdeen
  • Mar 8 Duke of Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen
  • Apr 16 Jacobite Rising 1745: Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army of Charles Edward Stuart
  • May 22 Russia and Austria sign treaty of cooperation
  • Jun 1 French troops conquer Antwerp
  • Jun 2 Russia and Austria sign agreements
  • Jun 16 Battle at Piacenza: Austria & Sardinia beat Spanish and French army
  • Jun 27 Flora MacDonald helps Bonnie Prince Charlie, disguised as Betty Burke an Irish maid, evade capture by landing him on the Isle of Skye
  • Jul 10 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees in disguise to Isle of Skye
  • Sep 20 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland
  • Sep 21 French expeditionary army occupies Labourdonnais and Dupleix Madras
  • Sep 23 Jacob Gilles appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • Oct 1 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France
  • Oct 11 Battle of Rocoux: French defeat British, Austrian and Dutch armies
  • Oct 22 Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
  • Oct 28 Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die
  • Dec 5 Revolt in Genoa against Spanish rule.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 11 William Curtis, English botanist/publisher (Botanical Magazine)
  • Jan 12 Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss educator (Leonard & Gertrude), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1827)

Person of interestGustav III

Jan 24 Gustav III, King of Sweden (1771-92), born in Stockholm (d. 1792)

King of Sweden Gustav III
King of Sweden
Gustav III

Person of interestTadeusz Kościuszko

Feb 4 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-Lithuanian Military Leader and statesman considered a national hero, born in Mereczowszczyzna, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1817)

Military Leader and Statesman Tadeusz Kościuszko
Military Leader and Statesman
Tadeusz Kościuszko
  • Feb 16 Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
  • Feb 26 Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, duchess of Piacenza (d. 1806)
  • Mar 5 Jacob Wallenberg, Swedish writer/naval chaplain
  • Mar 8 André Michaux, French botanist, born in Satory, France (d. 1802)
  • Mar 27 Carlo Buonaparte, Corsican attorney and father of emperor Napoleon, born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Republic of Genoa (d. 1785)
  • Mar 27 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (Elegy written in Spring), born in Portmoak, Kinross-shire, Scotland (d. 1767)
  • Mar 30 Francisco Jose de Goya, Fuendetodos Spain, painter/etcher (Naked Maja)
  • Apr 11 Wentworth Cheswell, American auditor and teacher, 1st African American elected to public office in the US, born in Newmarket, New Hampshire (d. 1817)
  • Apr 23 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), born in Valognes, Normandy, France (d. 1794)
  • May 10 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • Jul 16 Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (found 1st asteroid-Ceres), born in Ponte in Valtellina, Italy (d. 1826)
  • Jul 25 Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), born in Macharaviaya, Spain (d. 1786)
  • Jul 28 Thomas Heyward, signed US Declaration of Independence, born in St. Luke's Parish, South Carolina (d. 1809)
  • Aug 2 Joan Lucaz, Dutch journalist and patriot (d. 1807)
  • Aug 7 Daniel Albert Wyttenbach, German-Swiss classical scholar and historian, born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1820)
  • Aug 8 Hieronymus van Alphen, Dutch attorney/poet (church songs)
  • Sep 4 Bernardus Bosch, Dutch vicar and poet, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1803)
  • Sep 20 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, born in Verbó, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1786)
  • Sep 28 William Jones, British orientalist and jurist, born in London (d. 1794)
  • Nov 6 Absalom Jones, African-American abolitionist and clergyman, born into slavery in Delaware (d. 1818)
  • Nov 12 Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, Beaugency, French inventor and balloonist who, with Nicholas Robert, was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon

Person of interestTiradentes

Nov 12 Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary and independence fighter (Inconfidência Mineira) considered a national hero, born in Fazenda do Pombal, Minas Gerais, Portuguese Colony of Brazil (d. 1792)

Brazilian Revolutionary Tiradentes
Brazilian Revolutionary
  • Nov 14 Giulio Gabrielli the Younger, Italian Cardinal

Person of interestRobert R. Livingston

Nov 27 Robert R. Livingston, US Founding Father who delivered oath of office to George Washington, born in NYC, New York (d. 1813)

American Founding Father Robert R. Livingston
American Founding Father
Robert R. Livingston
  • Nov 27 Increase Sumner, American politician (5th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Roxbury, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1799)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 4 Robert Blair, Scottish poet (The Grave), dies at 46
  • Feb 20 Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Mary Leszczynska), dies at 68
  • Feb 28 Hermann von der Hardt, German historian, dies at 85
  • Mar 18 Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
  • Mar 20 Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (b. 1656)
  • May 22 Thomas Southerne, Irish dramatist (b. 1660)
  • Jul 2 Thomas Baker, English antiquarian, dies at 89
  • Jul 9 Philip V, King of Spain (1700-24, 1724-46), dies at 62
  • Jul 17 Anthonie van de Heim, Dutch pension advisor (1737-46), dies at 53
  • Jul 28 John Peter Zenger, journalist, involved in 1st amendment fight, dies
  • Aug 6 Christian VI, King of Denmark and Norway, dies at 46
  • Oct 2 Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty
  • Oct 14 Francois Fagel, lawyer/statesman, dies at 86
  • Nov 14 Georg Steller, German naturalist (b. 1709)
  • Dec 8 Charles Radclyffe, 5th Earl of Derwentwater, British politician, dies at 53