On This Day

1748 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 26 Britain, Netherlands, Austria & Sardinia sign anti-French treaty
  • Mar 19 Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize North American colonies

Historic DiscoveryRuins of Pompeii

Apr 1 Ruins of Pompeii rediscovered by Spaniard Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre

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The ruins of Pompeii, still standing after over 2000 years
The ruins of Pompeii, still standing after over 2000 years
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  • Apr 30 Ceasefire at Aken ends
  • May 7 French troops conquer Maastricht in the War of the Austrian Succession
  • Jun 3 Amsterdam establishes municipal postal service

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 24 The Kingswood School is opened by John Wesley and his brother Charles Wesley in Bristol. The school later moved to Bath

Evangelist John Wesley
John Wesley
  • Jun 28 Riot after public execution in Amsterdam, 200+ killed
  • Aug 15 United Lutheran Church the American colonies organized
  • Aug 16 "Geldermalsen" sails to East-Indies
  • Aug 26 The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Oct 18 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle signed, ending War of Austrian Succession
  • Dec 26 France & Austria sign treaty about Southern Netherlands

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 6 Adam Weishaupt, German philosopher & founder of the Order of the Illuminati, born in Ingolstadt, Germany (d. 1811)
  • Feb 9 Luther Martin, American patriot (d. 1826)
  • Feb 15 Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher/originator (Utilitarian), born in London, England
  • Mar 5 Jonas C. Dryander, Swedish botanist (d. 1810)
  • Mar 8 William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1806)
  • Mar 10 John Playfair, Scotland, clergyman/geologist/mathematician
  • Apr 12 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (Classification of flowering plants), born in Lyon, France (d. 1836)
  • Apr 27 Adamántios Koraïs, Greek humanist scholar, born in Smyrna, Anatolia (d. 1833)

Person of interestOlympe de Gouges

May 7 Olympe de Gouges [Marie Gouze], French playwright and revolutionary (Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen), born in Montauban, France (d. 1793)

Playwright and Revolutionary Olympe de Gouges
Playwright and Revolutionary
Olympe de Gouges
  • May 16 Antonius van Alphen, apostolic vicar of De Bosch
  • Jun 30 Jean-Dominique, comte de Cassini, French astronomer, born in Paris (d. 1845)
  • Jul 31 Isaac Ouwater, Amsterdam painter/cartoonist
  • Aug 13 Pieter L. van de Kasteele, Dutch politician and patriot, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1810)
  • Aug 30 Jacques-Louis David, French Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat), born in Paris (d. 1825)
  • Oct 7 Charles XIII, King of Sweden (1809-18)/Norway (1814-18)
  • Nov 11 Carlos IV (English: Charles], King of Spain (1788-1808), born in Portici, Italy (d. 1819)
  • Dec 9 Claude-Louis Berthollet, French chemist, born in Talloires, Savoy, France (d. 1822)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, dies at 80
  • Jan 16 Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1684)
  • Feb 18 Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun, Austrian field marshal, dies at 70
  • Mar 14 George Wade, British military leader (b. 1673)
  • Apr 12 William Kent, English sculptor/architect (Kensington Palace), dies
  • May 12 Thomas Lowndes, English astronomer, founder of the Lowndean professorship of astronomy at Cambridge University (b. 1692)
  • Jun 28 Marretje Arends [Matje of Nieuwendijk], Amsterdam plunderer, hanged
  • Jun 28 Pieter van Dort, Amsterdam plunderer, hanged
  • Aug 27 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule, Britannia), dies at 47
  • Sep 6 Edmund Gibson, English jurist (b. 1669)
  • Sep 10 Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, Filipino Religious Sister of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 85
  • Sep 21 John Balguy, English philosopher (b. 1686)
  • Dec 2 Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician, dies at 86
  • Dec 11 Ewald G. von Kleist, German lawyer/inventor of condensator, dies at 55