On This Day

1749 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 3 Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
  • Jan 16 Hoax article advertising fictitious theatrical performer "The Bottle Conjuror" drew huge crowds to the Haymarket Theatre, London, whose inevitable non-appearance caused a riot. It's alleged the Duke of Montagu perpetrated the fiasco to win a bet
  • Jan 21 Verona Philharmonic Theatre destroyed by fire. Rebuilt 1754.
  • Feb 28 1st edition of Henry Fieldings' novel "Tom Jones" published
  • May 2 Empress Maria Theresa signs "Haugwitzschen State reform"
  • May 11 British parliament accepts Consolidation Act, to reorganise the Royal Navy

Victory in battleNew Settlement

May 19 George II grants charter to Ohio Company to settle Ohio Valley

King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II
  • Jun 21 Pieter Steyn installed as pension advisor of Netherlands
  • Jun 21 Town of Halifax, Nova Scotia, is founded by the British - sparks Father Le Loutre's War
  • Jun 25 General fast because of drought in Massachusetts
  • Jun 29 New Governor Charles de la Ralière Des Herbiers arrives at Isle Royale (Cape Breton Island).
  • Jul 20 Earl of Chesterfield says "Idleness is only refuge of weak minds"
  • Jul 21 Pieter Steyn becomes pension advisor of Holland
  • Oct 26 Georgia Colony reverses itself & rules slavery is legal
  • Nov 2 English Ohio Trade Company forms first trading post

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 12 Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff, Austrian earl/prince/diplomat
  • Jan 13 Friedrich Müller, painter and dramatist (d. 1825)
  • Jan 16 Vittorio Alfieri, Italian count, dramatist and poet (Maria Stuarda) who is considered the founder of Italian tragedy, born in Asti, Italy (d. 1803)
  • Jan 19 Isaiah Thomas, American printer/editor/publisher/historian
  • Jan 29 King Christian VII of Denmark (d. 1808)

Person of interestComte de Mirabeau

Mar 9 Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, Comte de Mirabeau, French revolutionary (influential member of the National Constituent Assembly), born in Le Bignon, France (d. 1791)

Revolutionary and Politician Comte de Mirabeau
Revolutionary and Politician
Comte de Mirabeau
  • Mar 10 Lorenzo da Ponte [Emanuele Conegliano], Italian librettist (Don Giovanni), born in Ceneda, Republic of Venice (d. 1838)
  • Mar 19 Princess Louisa Anne of Wales (d. 1768)
  • Mar 23 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), born in Beaumount-en-Auge, Normandy, France (d. 1827)
  • Mar 26 William Blount, American statesman and signer of United States Constitution, born in Windsor, North Carolina (d. 1800)
  • Apr 13 Frederik Sigismund van Bylandt, Dutch count and vice-admiral, born in Wageningen, Netherlands (d. 1828)
  • May 15 Levi Lincoln, Sr., American revolutionary, statesman, politician, and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1820)

Person of interestEdward Jenner

May 17 Edward Jenner, English physician, father of (western) immunology, pioneered smallpox vaccinations, born in Berkeley (d. 1823)

Physician and Scientist Edward Jenner
Physician and Scientist
Edward Jenner
  • Jun 19 Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, French revolutionary and President of the National Convention, born in Paris (d. 1796)
  • Aug 5 Thomas Lynch, American lawyer, signer pf the US Declaration of Independence, born in Winyah, South Carolina

Person of interestJohann Wolfgang von Goethe

Aug 28 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and social philosopher (Faust), born in Frankfurt am Main, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1832)

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Aug 31 Alexander Radishchev, Russian writer (Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow), born in Moscow (1802)
  • Sep 8 Yolande de Polastron, Duchess de Polignac, French aristocrat, born in Paris (d. 1793)
  • Sep 8 Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, French aristocrat, born in Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Savoy (d. 1792)

Person of interestJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre

Sep 19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer (The History of Astronomy), born in Amiens, France (d. 1822)

Mathematician and Astronomer Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Mathematician and Astronomer
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
  • Nov 3 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (isolation of nitrogen in 1772), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1819)
  • Nov 23 Edward Rutledge, (Gov-SC)/attorney/signer (Declaration of Independence)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 25 British admiral Samuel Hood (24) weds Susannah Linzee in Portsmouth, England

British Admiral Samuel Hood
British Admiral
Samuel Hood

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 17 US revolutionary Samuel Adams (27) weds Elizabeth Checkley

US Revolutionary Samuel Adams
US Revolutionary
Samuel Adams

LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 17 Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman (28) weds first wife Elizabeth Hartwell in Massachusetts

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman

Deaths in History

  • Feb 8 Jan van Huysum, Dutch still life painter, dies at 66
  • May 24 Graf Valentin Potocki, Polish nobleman
  • Jun 13 Jan F van Bloemen [Orizonte], Flemish painter, dies at 87
  • Jun 16 Johann Baptista Ruffini, Italian trader (b. 1672)
  • Jun 18 Ambrose Philips, English poet (b. 1674)
  • Jul 3 William Jones, Welsh mathematician (b. 1675)
  • Jul 12 Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France
  • Aug 13 J E Schlegel, writer, dies
  • Sep 10 Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1706)
  • Sep 14 Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician, dies at 73
  • Oct 4 Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (b. 1711)
  • Dec 5 Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye, New French explorer and trader (b. 1685)
  • Dec 10 Gabrielle Chôtelet [La belle Emilie], French writer (Voltaire), dies at 42
  • Dec 20 Pakubuwono II, susuhunan of Mataram Java, dies
  • Dec 23 Mark Catesby, English naturalist (Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands), dies at 66