On This Day

1752 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 3 East Indies invasion "Geldermalsen" leaves at Malacca: 92 killed
  • Jan 15 Tobias Smollett publishes pamphlet accusing Henry Fielding of plagiarism
  • Feb 3 Dutch States-General forbids export of windmills
  • Mar 23 Pope Stephen II elected to succeed Zacharias, dies 2 days later
  • May 11 1st US fire insurance policy issued, in Philadelphia
  • Jun 3 Moscow houses and churches destroyed by fire
  • Jun 5 Prince William of Orange becomes Knight of Garter
  • Jun 6 3rd great fire in Moscow in 2 weeks; 1/3 of city destroyed
  • Jun 9 French army surrenders to the British in Trichinopoly, India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 10 Benjamin Franklin tests the lightning conductor with his kite-flying experiment

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

USALiberty Bell

Sep 1 Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia

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The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
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Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Sep 2 Last Julian calendar day in Great Britain and British colonies including America. To sync to the Gregorian calendar, 11 days are skipped and the next date is Sep 14.

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • Sep 3 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar, losing 11 days. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives
  • Sep 14 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar (no Sept 3 - Sept 13)
  • Nov 11 Theresianische Military Academy opens in Vienna

Birthdays in History

Person of interestBetsy Ross

Jan 1 Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], American seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1836)

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross
  • Jan 2 Philip Freneau, poet of American Revolution (The American Village)
  • Jan 19 James Morris III, American army officer (d. 1820)
  • Jan 31 Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)
  • Feb 17 Friedrich M Klinger, German playwright (Wirrwarr)
  • Feb 25 John Graves Simcoe, first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada (d. 1806)
  • May 4 John Brooks, 11th Governor of Massachusetts (1816-23), born in Medford (d. 1825)
  • May 11 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (d. 1840)
  • May 14 Albrecht Thaer, German agronomist (d. 1828)
  • May 14 Timothy Dwight, American theologian (d. 1817)
  • Jun 13 Fanny Burney, English novelist (Camille, Evelina), born in King’s Lynn, Norfolk, England (d. 1840)
  • Jul 7 Joseph-Marie Jacquard, invented programmable loom
  • Jul 27 Samuel Smith, American politician, Senator and Representative from Maryland, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1839)
  • Aug 13 Maria Carolina of Austria, Queen of the Two Sicilies, born in Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna (d. 1814)
  • Aug 27 Herman Muntinghe, Dutch theologist (History of Mankind), born in Termunten, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1824)
  • Sep 18 Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (worked on elliptic integrals), born in Paris (d. 1833)
  • Sep 21 Louise of Stolberg-Gedern, Countess of Albany, born in Mons, Austrian Netherlands (d. 1824)
  • Oct 2 Samuel Story, Dutch rear admiral (Battle at Kamperduin), born in Maasbommel, Dutch Republic (d. 1811)
  • Nov 17 Nicolas Appert, French inventor of airtight food preservation (food canning, bouillon tablet), born in Châlons-en-Champagne, France (d. 1841)
  • Nov 19 George Rogers Clark, American frontier military leader in Revolutionary War, born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1818)
  • Nov 20 Thomas Chatterton, English poet (Christabel), born in Bristol, England (d. 1770)
  • Nov 29 Jemima Wilkinson [Publick Universal Friend], American preacher, founded Universal Friends sect, born in Cumberland, Rhode Island (d. 1819)
  • Dec 6 Gabriel Duvall, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1811-35), born in Marietta, Maryland (d. 1844)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer), dies at 47
  • Jan 16 Francis Blomefield, English topographer (History of Norfolk), dies at 46
  • Feb 9 Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (b. 1722)
  • May 3 Samuel Ogle, British provincial Governor of Maryland (b. c. 1692)
  • May 4 Pieter Snyers, Flemish painter/engraver, dies at 71
  • May 23 William Bradford, English-born printer (Pennsylvania's first printing press), dies at 89
  • Jun 14 Charles-Antoine Coypel, French carpet designer, dies at 57
  • Jun 14 Daniel Marot, French/Neth, architect/engraver, dies at about 88
  • Jun 16 Giulio Alberoni, Spanish-Italian minister and cardinal, dies at 88
  • Jun 16 Joseph Butler, English philosopher, dies at 60
  • Jul 29 Peter Warren, British admiral
  • Aug 22 William Whiston, English Anglican priest and mathematician, dies at 84
  • Nov 2 Johann Albrecht Bengel, German theologian and scholar, dies at 65
  • Nov 5 Carl Andreas Duker, German classical scholar (b. 1670)
  • Nov 6 Ralph Erskine, Scottish minister, dies at 67