On This Day

1753 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 11 Ferdinand VI of Spain & Pope Benedictus XIV sign concord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 Voltaire leaves the court of Frederik II of Prussia

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Publication of Species Plantarum by Carolus Linnaeus, and the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus
  • May 6 French King Louis XV observes transit of Mercury at Mendon Castle
  • May 9 King Louis XV disbands French parliament
  • May 29 Joseph Haydn's first opera "Krumme Teufel" (The Limping Devil) premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 British Museum founded by an Act of Parliament with royal assent from King George II (opens in 1759)

King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II
  • Jun 13 Austria, Great Britain & Modena sign secret military treaty
  • Jul 7 British parliament grants Jews citizenship
  • Jul 18 Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slave holder in Framingham, Massachusetts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 George Washington becomes a master mason

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Sep 9 1st steam engine arrives in north American colonies
  • Sep 22 Pangeran Gusti installed as Sultan of Banten

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 30 Benjamin Franklin receives the Godfrey Copley medal "on account of his curious Experiments and Observations on Electricity"

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 5 Coert L van Beyma thoe Kingma, Frisian regent/patriot
  • Feb 6 Évariste de Parny, French poet, born in Saint-Paul, France (d. 1814)
  • Feb 7 Rhijnvis Feith, Dutch mayor/writer (Zwolle/Thirsa)
  • Feb 12 François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (d. 1798)
  • Feb 20 Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (d. 1815)
  • Mar 9 Jean-Baptiste Kléber, French general, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1800)
  • Mar 26 Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (Royal Institution of Great Britain), born in Woburn, Massachusetts (d. 1814)
  • Apr 1 Joseph de Maistre, French diplomat and writer (d. 1821)
  • Apr 9 Pieter Paulus, Dutch Patriot and President of the First National Assembly in The Hague, born in Axel, Netherlands (d. 1796)
  • Apr 28 Franz K Achard, German physicist and chemist, born in Berlin (d. 1821)
  • May 8 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, father of Mexican independence, born in Pénjamo, Guanajuato, Viceroyalty of New Spain (d. 1811)

Person of interestPhillis Wheatley

May 8 Phillis Wheatley, American poet who was both the second published African-American poet and first published African-American woman, born in West Africa (d. 1784)

  • May 13 Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, born in Nolay, Côte-d'Or (d. 1823)
  • May 24 Oliver Cromwell, decorated African American soldier who served with Washington in US War of Independence, born in Burlington, New Jersey
  • May 31 Pierre-Victurnien Vergniaud, French politician and police leader, born in Limoges, France (d. 1793)
  • Jun 10 William Eustis, 12th Governor of Massachusetts (1823-25), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts Bay, British America (d. 1825)
  • Jul 4 Jean-Pierre Blanchard, French ballonist (1st balloon flights in England and U.S.), born in Les Andelys, France (d. 1809)
  • Jul 6 John H Midderigh, Rotterdam patriot, baptized
  • Jul 9 William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland, born in England (d. 1825)
  • Aug 3 Charles Stanhope, 3rd earl Stanhope, English radical politician and scientist, born in London (d. 1816)
  • Aug 12 Thomas Bewick, England, artist (British Birds, Aesop's Fables)
  • Aug 17 Josef Dobrovský, Czech linguist (d. 1828)
  • Sep 2 Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy, queen of France (d. 1810)
  • Sep 10 John Soane, English architect (Bank of England, Soane Museum), born in Goring-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, England (d. 1837)
  • Nov 3 August Gottlieb Meißner, German Enlightenment author who helped develop the detective story genre in German literature, born in Bautzen, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1807)
  • Nov 6 Mikhail Kozlovsky, Russian sculptor, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1802)
  • Nov 22 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1828)
  • Dec 3 Samuel Crompton, English inventor (mule-jenny spinning machine), born in 10 Firwood Fold, Bolton, Lancashire, England (d. 1827)
  • Dec 19 John Taylor, Virginia, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 11 Hans Sloane, Irish physician, naturalist and collector (providing the foundation of the British Museum), dies at 92
  • Mar 12 George Berkeley, philosopher/bishop (Cloyne), dies on 68th birthday
  • May 26 Willem Maurits, Dutch count of Nassau and governor of Zeeuws-Flanders, dies at 73
  • Jul 17 Andre-Joseph Panckoucke, French book publisher/merchant, dies
  • Aug 6 Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (struck by lightning) (b. 1711)
  • Aug 19 [Johann] Balthasar Neumann, German architect, dies at 66
  • Dec 15 Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect, dies at 59