On This Day

1754 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 4 Columbia University founded, as Kings College (NYC)
  • Jan 15 Riot at burial of Orangist leader Daniel Raap in Amsterdam
  • Jan 28 Horace Walpole, in a letter to Horace Mann, coins the word serendipity
  • Mar 8 Marquis of Ensenada becomes premier of Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 Thomas Pelham-Holles becomes British Prime Minister on the death of his brother Henry Pelham

British Prime Minister Thomas Pelham-Holles
British Prime Minister
Thomas Pelham-Holles
British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham

BattleBattle of Interest

May 28 Battle of Jumonville Glen: forces led by George Washington kill French Canadian officer Joseph Coulon de Jumonville

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 28 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert is elected to the French Academy of Sciences

Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
Enlightenment Philosopher
Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 15 Richard Martin, Irish politician & animal rights activist, born in Ballynahinch Castle, Ireland (d. 1834)
  • Jan 24 Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (d. 1820)
  • Jan 29 Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland (d. 1806)
  • Jan 30 John Lansing Jr., American lawyer & statesman, born in Albany, New York (d. 1829)

Person of interestTalleyrand

Feb 2 Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, French statesman, born in Paris (d. 1838)

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
  • Feb 19 Vincenzo Monti, Italian poet/translator (Al Signor di Montgolfier)
  • Feb 19 Nicolas Baudin, French explorer, led cartographic survey of the coast of Australia, born in St-Pierre-de-Ré, France (d. 1803)
  • Mar 4 Benjamin Waterhouse, physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School, and smallpox vaccine pioneer,, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1846)
  • Mar 17 Madame Roland [Marie-Jeanne Phlippon], French revolutionary (member of the Girondist faction), born in Paris, France (d. 1793)
  • Mar 23 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • May 10 Asmus Jakob Carstens, painter
  • May 23 Andrea Appiani, Italian royal painter (Napoleon), born in Milan (d. 1817)
  • Jun 4 Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian astronomer, born in Pest, Hungary (d. 1832)
  • Jun 16 Salawat Yulayev, Bashkir national hero, poet (d. 1800)
  • Jul 11 Thomas Bowdler, British physician and writer (Family Shakespeare), born in Ashley, Somerset, England (d. 1825)
  • Jul 20 Antoine Destutt de Tracy, French Enlightenment philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1836)

Person of interestPierre Charles L'Enfant

Aug 2 Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., born in Paris, France (d. 1825)

Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • Aug 18 François, marquis de Chasseloup-Laubat, French general (d. 1833)
  • Aug 21 William Murdoch, Scottish inventor (oscillating cylinder steam engine), born in Cumnock, East Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1839)
  • Aug 21 Banastre Tarleton, British soldier and politician (Waxhaws Massacre), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1833)

Person of interestLouis XVI

Aug 23 Louis XVI, King of France (1774-93) eventually guillotined, born in Versailles, Yvelines, France (d. 1793)

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI

Person of interestWilliam Bligh

Sep 9 William Bligh, British naval commander (mutinied against on HMS Bounty), born in Plymouth (probable), England (d. 1817)

Naval Commander William Bligh
Naval Commander
William Bligh
  • Sep 19 John Ross Key, American lawyer, commissioned officer in the Continental Army and the father of Francis Scott Key, born in Redland, Frederick County, Maryland (d. 1821)
  • Oct 16 Morgan Lewis, Governor of New York (1804-07) (d. 1844)

Person of interestJohn Laurens

Oct 28 John Laurens, American soldier, diplomat and abolitionist, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1782)

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • Nov 26 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, born in Nassenhuben (Mokry Dwór), Royal Prussia, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1794)
  • Dec 2 William Cooper, American judge and developer (founded Cooperstown, New York), born in Smithfield, Pennsylvania (d. 1809)
  • Dec 7 Jack Jouett, American politician and patriot (warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1822)
  • Dec 24 George Crabbe, English poet (Everlasting Mercy), born in Aldeburgh, England (d. 1832)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 16 British PM William Pitt the Elder (46) weds Lady Hester Grenville (34) in Argyle Street, London

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder

Deaths in History

  • Jan 10 Daniel Raap, Dutch porcelain salesman/politician, dies at about 51
  • Jan 10 Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (b. 1691)
  • Jan 28 Ludvig Holberg, Baron of Holberg, founder of modern Danish and Norwegian literature, dies at 69
  • Feb 5 Nicolaas Kruik, Dutch hydraulic engineer (drained Haarlemmermeer), dies at 75
  • Feb 16 Richard Mead, physician, dies

Person of interestHenry Pelham

Mar 6 Henry Pelham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1743-54) who introduced the Gin Acts, dies at about 57

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham
  • Mar 8 Don Jose de Carvajal bon Lancaster, Sp min of Foreign affairs, dies
  • Mar 23 Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian (b. 1693)
  • Apr 2 Thomas Carte, English historian (b. 1686)
  • Apr 9 Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, dies at 75
  • Apr 15 Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (Riccati equation), dies at 77
  • Apr 28 Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian Rococo painter of religious subjects and genre scenes (Fortune Teller), dies at 72
  • May 14 Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (L’École des Mères), dies at 62
  • May 23 John Wood, architect/town planner, dies
  • Jun 2 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (b. 1680)
  • Jun 7 Nikolaj Eigtved, Danish, architect (Amalienborg Square), dies at 52
  • Jun 28 Martin Folkes, English antiquarian and mathematician, dies at 63
  • Jul 4 Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist and author, dies at 74
  • Aug 14 Maria Anna of Austria, Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal, dies at 70
  • Oct 4 Tanacharison, Catawba Indian chief
  • Oct 8 Henry Fielding, English novelist (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones), dies at 47
  • Oct 28 Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (Versuch einiger Poem), dies at 46
  • Nov 12 Jacob de Wit, Amsterdam painter/decorater, dies at 58
  • Nov 27 Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (De Moivre's theorem), dies at 87
  • Dec 12 Wu Jingzi, Chinese writer (Rulinwaishi), dies at about 53
  • Dec 14 Mahmud I, Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1730-54) who fought Austria & Russia, dies at 58