On This Day

1756 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 16 Britain & Prussia sign Treaty of Westminster
  • Mar 17 St. Patrick's Day is first celebrated in NYC at the Crown & Thistle Tavern
  • Apr 14 Governor Glen of South Carolina protests against 900 Acadia indians
  • May 1 France and Austria sign alliance
  • May 17 Britain declares war on France (7 Years' or French & Indian War)
  • May 18 Great Britain declares war on France at the start of the Seven Years' War
  • Jun 4 Quakers leave assembly of Pennsylvania
  • Jun 20 Black Hole of Calcutta: 146 British soldiers, Anglo-Indian soldiers and Indian civilians are imprisoned in a small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die from suffocation and heat exhaustion
  • Jun 20 Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British
  • Jun 27 French fleet conquer St Philips Castle of Minorca
  • Jul 30 Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly-built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers in Russia
  • Aug 14 French capture Fort Oswego, NY
  • Aug 29 England & France meet in war
  • Aug 29 Prussian Libya occupies Saxson: beginning 7 years War
  • Sep 8 French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition.
  • Sep 22 Nassau Hall opens at Princeton University
  • Oct 15 Saxon army surrenders to Prussia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 31 Giacomo Casanova escapes from prison in Venice by climbing onto the roof

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • Dec 6 British troops under Robert Clive occupy Fulta, India
  • Dec 31 Russia joins the Alliance of Versailles

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Anne Nagell van Ampsen, Dutch politician
  • Jan 29 Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee III, Congressman, Governor of Virginia and American General

Person of interestAaron Burr

Feb 6 Aaron Burr, 3rd US Vice President (D-R: 1801-05) who killed Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1836)

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • Feb 22 Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (d. 1821)
  • Feb 23 Joannes van der Linden, Dutch lawyer and judge (Ware Pleiter), born in Zuid-Scharwoude, North Holland (d. 1835)
  • Mar 3 William Godwin, philosopher/political writer (Caleb Williams)
  • Mar 4 Sir Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter (d. 1823)
  • Apr 7 Charles Felix, King of Sardina (1821-31)
  • Apr 13 Louis Henri, Prince of Condé, born in Hôtel de Condé, Paris (d. 1830)
  • Apr 17 Dheera Chinnamalai, Indian Polygar (governor) and freedom fighter, born in Melapalayam, Kongu Nadu (now Tamil, India) (d. 1805)
  • May 27 Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria, born in Schwetzingen, Baden (d. 1825)
  • Jun 6 John Trumbull, American painter (Declaration of Independence), born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1843)
  • Jun 8 Cornelis van Foreest, Dutch politician, Mayor of Alkmaar, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1823)
  • Jun 17 Pierre-Joseph Cambon, French member of Committee of Salut Public, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1820)
  • Jul 2 Christian Gottfried Körner, German lawyer, born in Leipzig (d. 1831)
  • Jul 4 William Rush, American sculptor (Spirit of the Schuylkill), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1833)
  • Jul 14 Thomas Rowlandson, English painter/cartoonist/etcher
  • Aug 19 Anthony van Haersolte, Dutch politician and member of Executing Regime, born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1830)
  • Aug 29 Heinrich Graf von Bellegarde, Austrian field marshal and statesman, born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1845)
  • Aug 29 Jan Śniadecki, Polish mathematician and astronomer, born in Żnin, Poland (d. 1830)
  • Sep 7 Willem Bilderdijk, Dutch poet and literature (Disease of Scientists), born in Amsterdam (d. 1831)
  • Sep 21 John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer and road builder who created macadam road surface (asphalt), born in Ayr, Scotland (d. 1836)
  • Oct 2 Jacob van Strij, Dutch cartoonist and graphic artist, born in Dordrecht, Dutch Republic (d. 1815)
  • Nov 4 Anthony van Hoboken, Dutch merchant and ship owner, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1850)
  • Nov 27 Paul van Hemert, Dutch theologist and philosopher (Kant) (d. 1825)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

May 20 Prime Minister of Great Britain Frederick North (24) weds heiress Anne Speke

British Prime Minister Frederick North
British Prime Minister
Frederick North

LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 14 Frontiersman Daniel Boone (21) weds Rebecca Bryan (17) in Yadkin River, North Carolina

Frontiersman and Explorer Daniel Boone
Frontiersman and Explorer
Daniel Boone

Deaths in History

  • Apr 16 Jacques Cassini, French astronomer, dies at 79
  • Jul 9 Pieter Langendijk, Dutch painter, etcher and playwright (Wiskunstenaars), dies at 72
  • Jul 24 George Vertue, engraver, dies
  • Dec 8 William Stanhope, 1st Earl of Harrington, British statesman and diplomat
  • Dec 11 Theodor A. Freiherr von Neuhoff, German adventurer and King of Corsica, dies at 62
  • Dec 11 Maria Amalia of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress as the spouse of Emperor Charles VII, dies at 55