On This Day

1757 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 2 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • Jan 5 Failed assassination attempt on French King Louis XV by Damiens
  • Jan 17 German Diet declares war on Prussia
  • Mar 14 On board HMS Monarch (his own flagship), British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for failing to come to aide of besieged British garrison
  • Mar 17 Prince Mas Saïd of Mataram surrenders to Mangkubumi in Java

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 6 British King George II dismisses minister William Pitt the Elder, Secretary of State for the Southern Department

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II
  • May 1 Austria and France divide Prussia
  • May 6 Battle of Prague: Frederick II of Prussia's forces defeat Austrian army
  • Jun 18 Battle at Kolin Bohemia: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • Jun 23 Robert Clive defeats army led by Suraja Dowlaat Plassey, wins control of Bengal
  • Jul 26 Battle at Hastenbeck: French army beats Duke of Cumberland
  • Aug 9 English Fort William Henry, NY, surrenders to French & Indians troops
  • Aug 19 Battle at Gross Jagerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [NS=Aug 30]
  • Aug 30 Battle at Gross Jagerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [OS=Aug 19]
  • Oct 16 Austrian troops occupy Berlin
  • Nov 5 Battle at Rossbach (7 year war/French & Indian War)
  • Nov 28 Britain condemns Convention of Kloster-Zeven
  • Dec 5 Battle of Leuthen: Prussian army beats Austrians

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 11 Samuel Bentham, English mechanical engineer (d. 1831)
  • Jan 16 Samuel McIntire, woodcarver/architect (architect of Salem)
  • Jan 19 Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, German Princess (d. 1831)
  • Feb 6 Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Polish scholar & statesman, born in Skoki, Poland (d. 1841)
  • Feb 20 John 'Mad Jack' Fuller, English philanthropist (d. 1834)
  • Mar 16 Bengt Lidner, Swedish poet (Medea, Yttersa Domen)

Person of interestHenry Addington

May 30 Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1801-04), born in London (d. 1844)

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
  • Jun 5 Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist, born in Cosnac, Corrèze, France (d. 1808)
  • Jun 8 Ercole Consalvi, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1824)
  • Jun 18 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician and 1st Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1833)
  • Jun 22 George Vancouver, surveyed Pacific coast from San Francisco to Vancouver Island
  • Jul 20 Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician, born in Georgia (d. 1811)
  • Jul 24 Vladimir Borovikovsky [Vоlоdymyr Borovyk], Russian painter, born in Myrhorod (now Ukraine) (d. 1825)
  • Aug 9 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (designed and constructed Menai Bridge, Wales in 1819-26), born in Eskdale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland (d. 1834)

Person of interestMarquis de Lafayette

Sep 6 Marquis de Lafayette, American patriot and French revolutionary, born in Chavaniac, France (d. 1834)

French General and Aristocrat Marquis de Lafayette
French General and Aristocrat
Marquis de Lafayette
  • Sep 22 Herman H Vitringa, politician (National Meetings)

Person of interestCharles X

Oct 9 Charles X, King of France (1824-30), born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1836)

King of France Charles X
King of France
Charles X
  • Oct 10 Erik Acharius, Swedish botanist (lichens), born in Gävle, Sweden (d. 1819)
  • Oct 21 Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (d. 1816)
  • Oct 26 Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (elementary philosophy), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1823)
  • Nov 1 Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor, born in Possagno, Republic of Venice (d. 1822)
  • Nov 12 Jacobus Bellamy [Zelandus], Dutch poet, born in Vlissingen, Netherlands (d. 1786)
  • Nov 15 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (research work in malacology), born in Glückstadt, Holstein, Germany (d. 1830)

Person of interestWilliam Blake

Nov 28 William Blake, English poet and artist (Songs of Innocence & Experience), born in London, England (d. 1827)

Poet and Artist William Blake
Poet and Artist
William Blake
  • Dec 25 Benjamin Pierce, U.S. politician (d. 1839)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 4 American revolution patriot Paul Revere (22) weds Sarah Orne in Bridgewater, Massachusetts

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere

Deaths in History

  • Jan 9 Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)
  • Jan 9 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, dies at 68
  • Jan 19 Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
  • Feb 5 Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole of Wolterton, English diplomat, dies at 78
  • Mar 1 Edward Moore, English writer & dramatist (The Gamester), dies at 44
  • Mar 8 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar, dies at 55
  • Mar 14 John Byng, English admiral executed by firing squad at 52 for neglecting his duty in defence of Minorca, dies at 53
  • May 6 Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal, dies at 51
  • May 6 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician, dies at 73
  • May 6 Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal, dies at 72
  • Jun 27 Willem Gideon Deutz, Amsterdam regent, banker and merchant, dies at 59
  • Aug 28 David Hartley, English philosopher and Founder of the Associationist School of Psychology, dies at 51
  • Oct 17 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (b. 1683)
  • Oct 30 Osman III, sultan of Turkey (1754-57), dies
  • Nov 17 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), dies at 57