On This Day

1758 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature establish the "starting point" for standardized species names across the animal kingdom, based on the binomial nomenclature by Carolus Linnaeus 10th edition of Systema Naturae

Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus
  • Jan 11 Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East-Prussia [NS=Jan 22]
  • Jan 22 Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East Prussia [OS=Jan 11]
  • Apr 17 Francis Williams, 1st US black college graduate, publishes poems
  • May 21 Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape during the French and Indian War
  • Jun 23 Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany
  • Jun 30 Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl takes place
  • Jul 8 British and Colonial assault on French forces at Fort Ticonderoga, New York

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 24 George Washington elected to Virginia House of Burgesses representing Frederick County

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Jul 25 Seven Years' War: the island battery at Fortress Louisbourg in Nova Scotia is silenced and all French warships are destroyed or taken

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jul 26 British battle fleet under general James Wolfe conquers Louisbourg

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • Aug 8 British troops occupy & plunder Cherbourg
  • Aug 14 Battle of Zorndorf: Prussia beats Russia, 1000s killed
  • Aug 29 New Jersey Legislature forms 1st Indian reservation
  • Sep 11 Battle of Saint Cast: France repels British invasion during the Seven Years' War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue

Astronomer Charles Messier
Charles Messier
  • Oct 14 Battle at Hochkirk, Saksen: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • Nov 25 Britain captures Fort Duquesne (later Fort Pitt/Pittsburgh) from French
  • Dec 25 Return of Halley's comet 1st sighted by Johann Georg Palitzsch
  • Dec 31 British expeditionary army occupies Goree (Dakar) Senegal

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 1 Agustín de Betancourt, Spanish civil engineer (steam engines, hot air balloons), born in Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife (d. 1824)
  • Feb 17 John Pinkerton, Scottish anti-Celtic historian, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1826)
  • Mar 9 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), born in Tiefenbronn, Germany (d. 1828)
  • Mar 12 Leopold earl of Limburg Stirum, Dutch general and politician [or March 22]
  • Apr 4 John Hoppner, English portrait painter, born in Whitechapel, London (d. 1810)
  • Apr 4 Pierre-Paul Prud'hon, French Romantic painter and draughtsman - allegorical paintings and portraits, born in Cluny, Saône-et-Loire (d. 1823)

Person of interestJames Monroe

Apr 28 James Monroe, 5th US President (1817-25), born in Monroe Hall, Virginia (d. 1831)

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • Apr 29 Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero, born in Stora Torpa, Västergötland, Sweden (d. 1820)

Person of interestMaximilien Robespierre

May 6 Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary (President of the National Convention, Member of Committee of Public Safety), born in Arras, France (d. 1794)

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre
  • May 17 John St Aubyn, British fossil collector, born in Golden Square, London (d. 1839)
  • Jun 2 Cornelis R T Krayenhoff, Dutch fortress engineer/cartographer
  • Jun 18 Quint Ondaatje, Dutch jurist and politician, born in Colombo (d. 1818)
  • Jul 25 Elizabeth Hamilton, Scottish author (The cottagers of Glenburnie), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1816)
  • Jul 29 Antonius van Gils, Dutch RC theologist (opposed Enlightenment)
  • Aug 9 Bruno Dalberg [Petrus the Wacker van Zon], Dutch writer and lawyer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1818)
  • Aug 14 Carle Vernet, French painter and lithographer, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1836)
  • Aug 24 Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Schwerin, Germany (d. 1794)
  • Sep 1 Wilhelmus Kist, writer/director of Dutch Staatscourant
  • Sep 10 Hannah Webster Foster, American author (The Coquette; or, The History of Eliza Wharton), born in Salisbury, Massachusetts (d. 1840)
  • Sep 21 Christopher Gore, American lawyer and politician (8th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Boston, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1827)
  • Sep 26 Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician and founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1820)

Person of interestHoratio Nelson

Sep 29 Horatio Nelson, British admiral and hero of Trafalgar, born in Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk (d. 1805)

  • Oct 11 Wilhelm Olbers, German astronomer and physician, discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1840)

Person of interestNoah Webster

Oct 16 Noah Webster, lexicographer (Webster's Dictionary), born in West Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1843)

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Noah Webster
  • Nov 7 Edouard viscount de Walckiers, South Netherland banker and politician, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1837)
  • Nov 16 Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist, born in Vordingborg, Denmark (d. 1841)
  • Dec 23 Nathan Wilson U.S. Representative from New York, born in Bolton, Massachusetts

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Johann Friedrich von Cronegk, German playwright (Codrus), dies at 26
  • Jan 7 Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (Gentle Shepherd), dies at 71
  • Feb 10 Thomas Ripley, English architect
  • Mar 2 Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German stucco worker, buried at 78
  • Mar 6 Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington, English politician (b. 1705)

Person of interestJonathan Edwards

Mar 22 Jonathan Edwards, American Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin), dies at 54

Christian Preacher and Philosopher Jonathan Edwards
Christian Preacher and Philosopher
Jonathan Edwards
  • Apr 22 Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist, dies at 71
  • May 3 Benedict XIV [Prospero L Lambertini], Pope (1740-58), dies at 83
  • Jun 12 Augustus William, Prince of Prussia, dies from a brain tumor at 35
  • Jul 6 George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe, British general
  • Jul 24 John Dyer, British poet, dies at 58
  • Aug 15 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (fotometrie), dies at 60
  • Aug 27 Barbara of Portugal [Maria Madalena Bárbara Xavier Leonor Teresa Antónia Josefa], Queen of Spain, dies at 46
  • Aug 29 Gerard Van Wage, historian, dies at 75
  • Aug 29 Stepan F graaf Apraksin, Russian general-fieldmarshal, dies at 56
  • Oct 12 Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
  • Oct 14 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal, dies at 62
  • Nov 5 Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (b. 1686)
  • Nov 22 Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, British politician (b. 1680)
  • Dec 25 James Hervey, English clergyman (b. 1714)