1758 in History

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Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature establish the "starting point" for standardized species names across the animal kingdom, based on the binomial nomenclature by Carolus Linnaeus 10th edition of Systema Naturae

Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus
  • Jan 11 Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East-Prussia [NS=Jan 22]
  • Jan 22 Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East Prussia [OS=Jan 11]
  • Apr 17 Francis Williams, 1st US black college graduate, publishes poems
  • May 21 Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape during the French and Indian War.
  • Jun 23 Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany
  • Jun 30 Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl takes place.
  • Jul 8 British and Colonial assault on French forces at Fort Ticonderoga, New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24 George Washington elected to Virginia House of Burgesses representing Frederick County

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Jul 25 Seven Years' War: the island battery at Fortress Louisbourg in Nova Scotia is silenced and all French warships are destroyed or taken.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jul 26 British battle fleet under general James Wolfe conquers Louisbourg

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • Aug 8 British troops occupy & plunder Cherbourg
  • Aug 14 Battle of Zorndorf: Prussia beats Russia, 1000s killed
  • Aug 29 New Jersey Legislature forms 1st Indian reservation
  • Sep 11 Battle of Saint Cast France repels British invasion during the Seven Year's War.
  • Sep 12 French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue
  • Oct 14 Battle at Hochkirk, Saksen: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • Nov 25 Britain captures Fort Duquesne (later Fort Pitt/Pittsburgh) from French
  • Dec 25 Return of Halley's comet 1st sighted by Johann Georg Palitzsch
  • Dec 31 British expeditionary army occupies Goree (Dakar) Senegal

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 17 John Pinkerton, Scottish historian
  • Mar 9 Franz Joseph Gall, German/French physician (frenology)
  • Mar 12 Leopold earl of Limburg Stirum, Dutch general and politician [or March 22]
  • Apr 4 John Hoppner, portrait painter
  • Apr 4 Pierre-Paul Prud'hon, French Romantic painter and draughtsman - allegorical paintings and portraits, born in Cluny, Saône-et-Loire (d. 1823)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 28 James Monroe, 5th US President (1817-25), born in Monroe Hall, Virginia (d. 1831)

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • Apr 29 Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero (d. 1820).

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 6 Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary (President of the National Convention, Member of Committee of Public Safety), born in Arras, France (d. 1794)

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Revolutionary
Maximilien Robespierre
  • May 17 John St Aubyn, British fossil collector (d. 1839)
  • Jun 2 Cornelis R T Krayenhoff, Dutch fortress engineer/cartographer
  • Jun 18 Pieter PJQ Ondaatje, Ceylon/Dutch jurist/patriot
  • Jul 25 Elizabeth Hamilton, Scottish author (The cottagers of Glenburnie), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1816)
  • Jul 29 Antonius van Gils, Dutch RC theologist (opposed Enlightenment)
  • Aug 9 Bruno Dalberg/Anonymus Belga, [Petrus the Wacker van Zon], writer
  • Aug 14 Carle [Antoine CH] Vernet, French painter/lithographer
  • Aug 24 Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Schwerin, Germany (d. 1794)
  • Sep 1 Wilhelmus Kist, writer/director of Dutch Staatscourant
  • Sep 10 Hannah Webster Foster, American author (d. 1840)
  • Sep 21 Christopher Gore, 8th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1827)
  • Sep 26 Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician and founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1820)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 29 Horatio Nelson, British admiral and hero of Trafalgar, born in Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk (d. 1805)

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • Oct 11 Wilhelm Olbers, German astronomer and physician, discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1840)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 16 Noah Webster, lexicographer (Webster's Dictionary), born in West Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1843)

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Lexicographer
Noah Webster
  • Nov 7 Edouard viscount de Walckiers, South Netherland banker and politician, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1837)
  • Nov 16 Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (d. 1841)
  • Dec 23 Nathan Wilson U.S. Representative from New York

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Codrus), dies at 26
  • Jan 7 Allan Ramsay Sr, Scottish poet (Gentle Shepherd), dies at 71
  • Feb 10 Thomas Ripley, English architect
  • Mar 2 Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German stucco worker, buried at 78
  • Mar 6 Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington, English politician (b. 1705)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 22 Jonathan Edwards, American Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin), dies at 54

Christian Preacher and Philosopher Jonathan Edwards
Christian Preacher and Philosopher
Jonathan Edwards
  • Apr 22 Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (b. 1686)
  • May 3 Benedict XIV, [Prospero L Lambertini], Pope (1740-58), dies at 83
  • Jun 12 Augustus William, Prince of Prussia (b. 1722)
  • Jul 6 George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe, British general
  • Jul 24 John Dyer, British poet, dies at 58
  • Aug 15 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (fotometrie), dies at 60
  • Aug 29 Gerard Van Wage, historian, dies at 75
  • Aug 29 Stepan F graaf Apraksin, Russian general-fieldmarshal, dies at 56
  • Oct 12 Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
  • Oct 14 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)
  • Nov 5 Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (b. 1686)
  • Nov 22 Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, British politician (b. 1680)
  • Dec 25 James Hervey, English clergyman (b. 1714)