On This Day

1759 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 11 1st American life insurance company incorporated, Philadelphia

British Museum Opens its DoorsBritish Museum Opens its Doors

Jan 15 British Museum opens in Montague House, London

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British Museum ticket from 1790
British Museum ticket from 1790
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  • Feb 28 Pope Clement XIII allows Bible to be translated into various languages
  • Mar 13 27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • Apr 8 British troops chase French out of Masulipatam, India
  • Apr 13 French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen
  • May 1 British fleet occupies Guadeloupe, West Indies, capturing it from France
  • May 31 The Province of Pennsylvania bans all theater productions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 27 British general James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec.

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • Jul 25 British capture Fort Niagara from French (7 Years' War)
  • Jul 26 11,000 British troops drive a token French garrison of 400 out of Fort Ticonderoga, New York
  • Aug 1 Battle at Minden, Westfalen: Ferdinand van Brunswick beats France
  • Aug 10 Carlos III crowned King of Spain
  • Aug 12 Battle of Kunersdorf - Russian-Austrian army overpowers Prussians
  • Aug 18 -19] 2nd sea battle of Lagos: England vs France
  • Sep 12 British soldiers capture the town of Quebec.
  • Sep 13 British beat French forces at Plains of Abrahams (Quebec)
  • Sep 14 Austrian troops occupy Dresden
  • Sep 18 Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British who capture Quebec City
  • Oct 31 Earthquake in Safed, Palestine kills hundreds
  • Nov 20 -22] Battle in Bay of Quiberon, British beat French
  • Nov 21 Battle at Maxen: Prussian army surrenders to Austrians

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist & army leader, born in Le Pin-en-Mauges, France (d. 1793)
  • Jan 17 Paul Cuffe, Mass, merchant/shipbuilder/African American nationalist
  • Jan 21 Johan Valckenaer, Dutch politician/patriot
  • Feb 15 Friedrich A Wolfius [Wolf], German philological (Prolegomena)
  • Mar 22 Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1818)

Person of interestMary Wollstonecraft

Apr 27 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, English writer and feminist (A Vindication of the Rights of Woman), mother of Mary Shelley, born in London (d. 1797)

Author and Women's Rights Advocate Mary Wollstonecraft
Author and Women's Rights Advocate
Mary Wollstonecraft
  • May 1 Jacob Albright, German-American Christian leader, founder of Albright's People (Evangelical Association), born in Fox Mountain, Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
  • May 6 François Andrieux, French playwright, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1833)
  • May 20 William Thornton, British-American architect (Capitol Building in Washington, D.C), born in Jost Van Dyke, British Virgin Islands (d. 1828)

Person of interestWilliam Pitt the Younger

May 28 William Pitt the Younger, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1783-1801, 1804-06), born in Hayes, Kent, England (d. 1806)

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • Jun 2 Jan Ekels, the Young, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1793)
  • Jun 8 Thomas Dunham Whitaker, British topographer, born in Rainham, Norfolk (d. 1821)
  • Jun 21 Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier, born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 1817)
  • Jul 19 Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox Saint, born in Kursk, Russian Empire (d. 1833) [OS]
  • Jul 24 Victor Emmanuel I, King of Sardinia (1802-21), born in Royal Palace of Turin, Italy (d. 1824)

Person of interestWilliam Wilberforce

Aug 24 William Wilberforce, British politician, philanthropist and leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade, born in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1833)

Abolitionist William Wilberforce
William Wilberforce
  • Sep 19 William Kirby, English entomologist and original member of the Linnean Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society, born in Witnesham, Suffolk, England (d. 1850)
  • Sep 26 Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg, Prussian Generalfeldmarschall, born in Potsdam, Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1830)
  • Oct 4 Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (Du calcul des derivations), born in Mutzig, France (d. 1803)
  • Oct 13 Ecco Epkema, Dutch classic linguist (Frisian, old-Frisian), born in Wirdum, Netherlands (d. 1832)
  • Oct 20 Chauncey Goodrich, U.S. Senator from Connecticut (d. 1815)

Person of interestWilliam Grenville

Oct 25 William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1806-07), born in Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1834)

British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • Oct 25 Maria Feodorovna of Russia, second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia, born in Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1828)

Person of interestGeorges Danton

Oct 26 Georges Danton, French politician and revolutionary (1st president of the Committee of Public Safety during the French Revolution), born in Arcis-sur-Aube, France (d. 1794)

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 6 US 1st President George Washington marries Martha Dandridge Custis at White House Plantation

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington

LoveWedding of Interest

Sep 27 Political activist Thomas Paine (22) weds household servant Mary Lambert (21)

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Jacques-Joachim Trotti, Marquis de La Chétardie, French adventurer, dies at 54
  • Jan 3 Marquis & Marquess of Tavora, Portuguese nobles, executed
  • Jan 5 Thomas Philip Wallrad de Hénin-Liétard d'Alsace, Cardinal- Archbishop of Mechelen, Belgium, dies at 79
  • Jan 12 Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, eldest daughter of King George II of Great Britain, dies at 49
  • Feb 15 Alexander von Papenhoven, Flemish religious sculptor, dies at 89
  • Mar 11 John Forbes, British general (b. 1710)
  • May 12 Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor, dies at 58
  • Jun 12 William Collins, English poet (Ode to Simplicity), dies at 37
  • Jul 6 William Pepperrell, British colonial soldier, dies at 63
  • Jul 25 Theodoor Verhaegen, Flemish sculptor, dies at 59
  • Jul 27 Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, French mathematician and astronomer (Système de la nature), dies at 60
  • Aug 6 Eugene Aram, English philologist (b. 1704)
  • Aug 10 Ferdinand VI, the wise, king of Spain, dies at 46
  • Aug 24 Ewald C von Kleist, German poet, dies at 44
  • Sep 10 Ferdinand Konščak, Croatian explorer and Jesuit missionary, dies at 55

Person of interestJames Wolfe

Sep 13 James Wolfe, British Army officer who defeated the French in Canada and captured Quebec, dies in battle at 32

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • Sep 14 Louis Joseph Montcalm, French general (Plains of Abraham), dies at 47
  • Sep 28 Cornelis Pronk, Dutch portrait painter and cartoonist, dies at 67
  • Oct 10 Granville Elliott, British military officer (b. 1713)
  • Oct 13 John Henley, English clergyman, dies at 64
  • Nov 29 Nicolaus I Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1687)