Year 1761 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 14 Third Battle of Panipat: In one of the largest battles of the century, the mostly Muslim Afghani Durrani Empire defeats the mostly Hindu Maratha Empire in Northern India. An estimated 60,000–70,000 were killed in the fighting and about 40,000 Maratha prisoners massacred afterwards.
  • Jan 16 The British capture Pondicherry, India, from the French.
  • May 22 1st life insurance policy in North America issued in Philadelphia
  • Jun 8 British fleet occupies Belle Île off the Brittany Coast
  • Jun 10 Puritan version of "Othello" opens in Newport Rhode Island
  • Sep 22 Coronation of King George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte
  • Dec 16 Seven Years' War: After four-month siege, Russian army under Pyotr Rumyantsev takes Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg (German: Kolberg).

Historical Marriages


Historical Figures Who Died in 1761

  • Jan 4 Stephen Hales, English physiologist, chemist and inventor (first person to measure blood pressure), dies at 83
  • Jan 10 Edward Boscawen, British admiral in the Royal Navy, dies at 49
  • Feb 1 Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French Jesuit prince & historian, dies at 78
  • Apr 4 Théodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler, dies at 38
  • Apr 9 William Law, British minister and theologian (b. 1686)

More Deaths in History