On This Day

1761 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 14 Third Battle of Panipat: In one of the largest battles of the century, the mostly Muslim Afghani Durrani Empire defeats the mostly Hindu Maratha Empire in Northern India. An estimated 60,000–70,000 were killed in the fighting and about 40,000 Maratha prisoners massacred afterwards.
  • Jan 16 The British capture Pondicherry, India, from the French.
  • May 22 1st life insurance policy in North America issued in Philadelphia
  • Jun 8 British fleet occupies Belle Île off the Brittany Coast
  • Jun 10 Puritan version of "Othello" opens in Newport Rhode Island

CrownRoyal Coronation

Sep 22 Coronation of King George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • Dec 16 Seven Years' War: After four-month siege, Russian army under Pyotr Rumyantsev takes Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg (German: Kolberg).

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 17 James Hall, Scottish geologist, born in Dunglass, Scotland (d. 1832)
  • Jan 23 Friedrich von Matthison, German poet (Adelaide), born in Hohendodeleben, Germany (d. 1831)
  • Jan 29 Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American politician, Secretary of the Treasury (1801-14), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1849)
  • Feb 1 Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (d. 1836)
  • Feb 16 Charles Pichegru, French army general and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon, born in Arbois, Franche-Comté (now France) (d. 1804)
  • Mar 6 Antoine-Francois Andreossy, French General and diplomat (d. 1828)
  • Mar 23 John W de Winter, Dutch vice-admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
  • Apr 5 Sybil Ludington, American revolutionary heroine (rode to alert militia), born in Kent, New York (d. 1839)
  • May 3 August von Kotzebue, German dramatist, born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1819)
  • May 13 Adrian Loosjes Pzn, publisher/writer (Mauritius Lijnslager)
  • May 16 John Opie, English painter, born in Trevellas, Cornwall (d. 1807)
  • Jun 3 Henry Shrapnel, English Army officer and inventor (created the shrapnel shell), born in Wiltshire, England (d. 1842)
  • Jun 7 John Rennie, Scottish engineer, born in East Linton, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1821)
  • Jul 25 Charlotte von Kalb, German writer, born in Saal an der Saale, Electorate of Bavaria (d. 1843)
  • Sep 28 François Budan de Boislaurent, French mathematician, born in Limonade, Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue (d. 1840)
  • Oct 13 Dirk van Hogendorp, Dutch minister of War, born in Heenvliet, Netherlands (d. 1822)
  • Oct 21 Louis AG baron de Bacler d'Albe, French cartographer/brigadier general
  • Oct 27 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), born in Shotts Manse, Lanarkshire (d. 1823)
  • Oct 31 Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck, Dutch politician (Grand Pensionary of Batavia), born in Deventer, Overijssel, United Provinces (d. 1825)
  • Nov 20 Pius VIII [Francesco Saverio Castiglioni], Italian 253rd Pope (1829-30), born in Cingoli, Marche, Papal States (d. 1830)

Person of interestMadame Tussaud

Dec 1 Marie Tussaud, French founder of Madame Tussaud's wax museum, born in Strasbourg (d. 1850)

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud
  • Dec 11 Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian philosopher and physicist, born in Salsomaggiore Terme, Italy (d. 1835)
  • Dec 24 Selim III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1789-1808), born in Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1808)
  • Dec 24 Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (greatest visual comet discoverer of all time), born in Peyre, Hautes-Alpes (d. 1831)
  • Dec 27 Michael A Barclay de Tolly, Scot/Russ minister of War

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

May 5 Jurist William Blackstone (37) weds Sarah Clitherow

LoveWedding of Interest

Sep 8 Marriage of George III of the United Kingdom to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Queen Charlotte).

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Stephen Hales, English physiologist, chemist and inventor (first person to measure blood pressure), dies at 83
  • Jan 10 Edward Boscawen, British admiral in the Royal Navy, dies at 49
  • Feb 1 Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French Jesuit prince & historian, dies at 78
  • Apr 4 Théodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler, dies at 38
  • Apr 9 William Law, British minister and theologian (b. 1686)
  • Apr 15 Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician, dies at 78
  • Apr 15 William Oldys, English antiquarian & bibliographer, dies at b64
  • Apr 17 Thomas Bayes, English mathematician
  • May 14 Thomas Simpson, English mathematician (rule of Simpson), dies at 50
  • May 15 Jacob Mossel, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1750-61), dies at 56
  • Jun 2 Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1685)
  • Jul 4 Samuel Richardson, English novelist (Pamela), dies at 71
  • Jul 13 Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)
  • Aug 3 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar, dies at 70
  • Aug 18 François Gaspard Adam, French sculptor (garden sculptures), dies at 51
  • Sep 8 Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French engineer (b. 1698)
  • Sep 19 Pieter Musschenbroek, Dutch mathematician and physician (Leydan jar), dies at 69
  • Nov 30 John Dollond, British optician and owner of 1st patent for achromatic lens, dies at 55
  • Dec 23 Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy "Pickle, dies at 36"