On This Day

1762 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 4 Seven Years' War: Great Britain declares war on Spain & Naples
  • Jan 15 Fraunces Tavern opens in NYC
  • Feb 12 British fleet occupies Martinique

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 French Huguenot Jean Calas, who was wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspires Voltaire to begin campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
  • Mar 17 1st St Patrick's Day parade in NYC
  • Apr 5 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
  • May 5 Russia & Prussia sign Treaty of Saint Petersburg ending the Seven Years' War
  • May 22 Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg, reaffirming the status quo that existed before the Seven Years' War
  • Jun 15 Austria uses 1st paper currency
  • Jun 28 1st reported counterfeiting attempt (Boston)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 28 Russian Tsarina Catherine II seizes power, declaring herself sovereign ruler of Russia

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • Jul 17 Catherine II becomes tsarina of Russia following the murder of Peter III
  • Aug 14 English fleet occupies Havana
  • Aug 22 1st female (Ann Franklin) US newspaper editor, Newport, Rhode Island, Mercury
  • Sep 15 Battle of Signal Hill, the last battle of the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War.
  • Oct 6 British troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • Nov 3 Britain & Spain sign Treaty of Paris
  • Nov 3 Spain acquires Louisiana
  • Dec 9 British parliament accepts Treaty of Paris

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Constanze Mozart, wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born in Zell im Wiesental, Germany (d. 1842)
  • Jan 23 Christian A Vulpius, German novelist & dramatist (Rinaldo Rinaldini), born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1827)
  • Mar 7 Sebastiaan Cornelius Nederburgh, Dutch statesman, director-general East Indies Company, responsible for Nederburgh's Charter), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1811)
  • Apr 10 Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist, born in Bologna (d. 1834)
  • Apr 14 Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect and archaeologist, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1839)
  • Apr 29 Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal, born in Limoges, France (d. 1833)
  • May 19 Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), born in Rammenau, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1814)
  • Jun 1 Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (d. 1844)
  • Jul 14 Joseph Lakanal, Serres Ariège, French Politician and Educator
  • Jul 21 William G.F. Bentinck, 3rd Count Bentinck and Lord of Rhoon and Pendrecht
  • Aug 12 George IV, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover (1820-30), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1830)
  • Sep 6 Theodorus F. van Capellen, Dutch vice-admiral (Algiers), born in Nijmegen, Dutch Republic (d. 1824)
  • Sep 11 Joanna Baillie, Scottish poet and playwright, born in Bothwell, Scotland (d. 1851)
  • Sep 16 Charles de Merode, Earl of Merode, Mayor of Brussels and French senator, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1830)
  • Sep 24 William Lisle Bowles, English poet (14 Sonnets), born in Kings Sutton, England (d. 1850)
  • Oct 12 Jan Willem Janssens, Dutch Governor-General of Cape colony and Dutch-Indies, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1838)
  • Oct 16 Paul Hamilton, Governor of South Carolina (1804-06) and U.S. Secretary of Navy (1809-12) (d. 1816)
  • Oct 21 Herman W Daendels, Dutch Brigadier-General and Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1807-11), born in Hattem, Gelderland, Dutch Republic (d. 1818)
  • Oct 23 Samuel Morey, American inventor (early internal combustion engines and was a pioneer in steamships), born in Hebron, Connecticut (d. 1843)
  • Oct 27 Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp, Dutch count and Minister of Foreign affairs (1813-14), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1834)
  • Oct 30 André Chénier, French poet killed during French Revolution, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1794)

Person of interestSpencer Perceval

Nov 1 Spencer Perceval, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1809-12), born in London (d. 1812)

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
  • Nov 16 Petronella Moens, Frisian author and feminist, born in Kûbaard, Netherlands (d. 1843)
  • Nov 29 Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (first detailed classification of crustaceans and insects), born in Brive-la-Gaillarde, Corrèze, France (d. 1833)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 21 British Explorer Captain James Cook marries Elizabeth Batts

Explorer James Cook
James Cook

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Jun 29 Russian Tsar Peter III divorces his wife Catherine II

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Deaths in History

Person of interestElizabeth of Russia

Jan 5 Elizabeth of Russia [Elizaveta Petrovna], tsarina of Russia (1741-62), dies at 52

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • Jan 11 Louis-François Roubiliac, French sculptor (b. 1695)
  • Feb 20 Tobias Mayer, German astronomer, dies at 38
  • Mar 4 Johannes Zick, German fresco painter (b. 1702)
  • Mar 21 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (b. 1713)
  • May 26 Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (b. 1714)
  • Jun 6 George Anson, 1st Baron Anson, British Royal Navy officer, dies at 65
  • Jun 17 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French tragic poet and playwright (Rhadamiste et Zénobie), dies at 88
  • Jul 10 Johann F Gronovius, physician/botany, dies at 76

Person of interestJames Bradley

Jul 13 James Bradley, English astronomer, 3rd Royal, discovered Earth's nutation motion, dies at 69

Astronomer James Bradley
James Bradley
  • Jul 14 Cornelis Hop, Amsterdams regent/diplomat, dies at 77
  • Jul 17 Peter III, Emperor of Russia (1762), dies at 34
  • Jul 28 George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe, English politician (b. 1691)
  • Aug 13 John Alberti, theologist/philological, dies at 64
  • Aug 21 Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English writer (b. 1689)
  • Aug 31 Emperor Momozono, 116th Emperor of Japan, dies at 21