On This Day

1763 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 10 Treaty of Paris ends French-Indian War, surrendering Canada to Britain
  • Feb 12 John Casteret appointed British minister of foreign affairs
  • Feb 15 Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign the Treaty of Hubertusburg, marking the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years' War
  • Apr 30 Member of Parliament and journalist John Wilkes confined in the Tower of London, charged with seditious libel

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

May 16 Samuel Johnson 1st meets his future biographer James Boswell in London

Scholar and Lexicographer Samuel Johnson
Scholar and Lexicographer
Samuel Johnson
  • Jun 2 Pontiac's Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison's attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort
  • Aug 5 Pontiac's War: Battle of Bushy Run - British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • Nov 15 Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon begin surveying Mason-Dixon Line between Pennsylvania and Maryland
  • Nov 16 English journalist John Wilkes injured in a duel
  • Dec 2 Touro shul of Newport, Rhode Island dedicated (oldest existing US synagogue)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Joseph Fesch, French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator
  • Jan 8 Edmond Charles Genêt, French diplomat, born in Versailles, France (d. 1834)
  • Jan 24 Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (d. 1831)
  • Jan 26 Charles XIV [Jean Bernadotte], King of Sweden & Norway (1818-44), Marshall of France, born in Pau, France (d. 1844)
  • Jan 29 Johann Gottfried Seume, German writer (Spaziergang nach Syrakus), born in Poserna, Saxony-Anhalt, (d. 1810)
  • Feb 1 Thomas Campbell, founder (Church of Disciples in America)
  • Feb 3 Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld], German author
  • Feb 9 Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden (d. 1830)
  • Feb 14 Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general, born in Morlaix, Brittany, France (d. 1813)
  • Mar 9 William Cobbett, English journalist and author, born in Farnham, Surrey (d. 1835)
  • Mar 13 Guillaume Brune, French marshal, born in Brive-la-Gaillarde, France (d. 1815)
  • Mar 21 Jean Paul, German romantic writer (Titan), born in Wunsiedel, Franconia (d. 1825)
  • May 7 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1813)
  • May 8 John Goldberg, Dutch patriot/statesman
  • May 11 János Batsányi, Hungarian poet (d. 1845)
  • May 16 Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin, chemist (discovered chromium, beryllium)
  • May 21 Joseph Fouché, French statesman (d. 1820)
  • Jun 13 José Bonifácio de Andrada, Brazilian statesman, born in Santos, São Paulo (d. 1838)

Person of interestWolfe Tone

Jun 20 Wolfe Tone, Irish republican and revolutionary figure (United Irishmen), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1798)

Irish Republican and Revolutionary Wolfe Tone
Irish Republican and Revolutionary
Wolfe Tone
  • Jun 21 Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard, French statesman and philosopher, born in Sompuis, France (d. 1845)
  • Jun 23 Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon I and first Empress of France (1804-14), born in Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique (d. 1814)
  • Jun 26 George Morland, English artist of rural landscapes, born in London (d. 1804)
  • Jul 17 Johannes Hendricus van der Palm, Dutch theologist and Minister of Education, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1840)

Person of interestJohn Jacob Astor

Jul 17 John Jacob Astor [Johann Jakob Astor] German-American businessman (first multi-millionaire in the United States), born in Walldorf, Electoral Palatinate, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1848)

Businessman John Jacob Astor
John Jacob Astor
  • Jul 22 James Geddes, American Engineer (Erie Canal), born in Carlisle Pennsylvania (d. 1838)
  • Jul 30 Samuel Rogers, English poet (Italy, a poem), born in Newington Cross, Islington, England (d. 1855)
  • Aug 8 Charles Bulfinch, 1st US pro architect (Mass State House), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Sep 2 Caroline von Schelling [Michaelis], German author
  • Oct 24 Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (Florentin), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1839)
  • Oct 27 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), born in Ayr, Scotland (d. 1840)
  • Dec 25 Claude Chappe, French engineer (optical telegraph)
  • Dec 28 John Molson, founded Montreal brewery (Molsons)
  • Dec 31 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral, born in Valensole, France (d. 1806)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

May 12 Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman (42) weds second wife Rebecca Prescott (20)

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman

LoveWedding of Interest

May 17 Philosopher Marquis de Sade (22) weds Renee Pelagie de Montreuil in Paris

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville (C) & English chief minister (1722-42), dies at 72
  • Jan 11 Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (b. 1676)
  • Jan 27 Johann Theodor of Bavaria, Prince-Bishop of Regensburg, Freising and Liège, dies at 59
  • Jan 29 Louis Racine, French poet (La Religion), dies at 70
  • Feb 11 William Shenstone, English poet, dies at 48
  • Feb 12 Pierre de Marivaux, French writer (b. 1688)
  • May 3 George Psalmanazar, British impostor (b. 1679)
  • Jul 31 James Kent, Fredericksburgh NY, legal scholar (Columbia), dies
  • Aug 9 John Althuysen, Fries vicar/poet (Frysk Jierboek), dies at 47
  • Aug 21 Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont, British statesman (b. 1710)
  • Sep 26 John Byron, English poet (b. 1692)
  • Oct 5 August III, king of Poland, dies at 66
  • Oct 17 Arnold Hoogvliet, Dutch poet (Abraham the patriarch), dies at 76
  • Oct 22 French van Mieris "the Young", painter/historian, dies at 73
  • Oct 28 Heinrich von Brühl, German statesman, dies at 63
  • Nov 23 Friedrich Graf von Seckendorf, German soldier (b. 1673)