On This Day

1764 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 24 Governor Winthrop's Telescope is destroyed in a Harvard fire
  • Feb 15 St. Louis, Missouri founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclède
  • Feb 21 John Wilkes thrown out of English House of Commons for "Essay on Women"
  • Apr 3 Austrian Archduke Jozef crowned himself Holy Roman Emperor Josef II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5 British Parliament passes the Sugar Tax on the American colonies, introduced by Prime Minister George Grenville

British Prime Minister George Grenville
British Prime Minister
George Grenville
  • May 5 Smolny Institute forms in St Petersburg for noble girls
  • Jul 23 James Otis publishes views on taxation without representation

RomanRoman Empire

Oct 15 Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

Historian Edward Gibbon
Edward Gibbon
  • Nov 9 Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet.
  • Nov 16 Native Americans surrender to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac
  • Nov 26 France bans Jesuit enorde

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 John Kinker, Dutch linguist/philosopher/poet (Minderjarige Zangster)
  • Jan 18 Samuel Whitbread, English politician, born in Cardington, Bedfordshire (d. 1815)
  • Feb 4 Carel H Verhuell, Dutch/French vice-admiral/minister of Navy
  • Feb 11 Marie-Joseph de Chénier, French poet (Caïus Gracchus), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1811)
  • Feb 15 Jens I Baggesen, Danish writer/linguist (Danske V'rker)
  • Feb 28 Robert Haldane, Scottish theologist/philanthropist

Person of interestCharles Grey

Mar 13 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1830-34), born in Fallodon, Northumberland, England (d. 1845)

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey
  • Apr 3 John Abernethy, English surgeon, born in London, England (d. 1831)
  • Apr 12 Dirk van den Boetzelaer, Regent of Holland, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1819)
  • Apr 13 Laurent, 1st Marquis of Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal, born in Toul, Three Bishoprics, France (d. 1830)
  • May 1 Benjamin Henry Latrobe, American architect (completed U.S. Capitol), born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 1820)
  • May 3 Élisabeth of France, princess of France, youngest sister of king Louis XVI, born in Versailles, France (d. 1794)
  • May 5 Robert Craufurd, British general, born in Newark Castle, Ayrshire (d. 1812)
  • May 20 J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/lithographer
  • May 28 Edward Livingston, American jurist and statesman, born in Columbia County, New York (d. 1836)
  • Jun 19 John Barrow, 1st Baronet, English statesman and founder of the Royal Geographical Society, born in Ulverston, Lancashire, England (d. 1848)
  • Jun 19 Jose Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan revolutionary leader and national hero who is regarded as the father of Uruguayan independence, born in Montevideo (d. 1850)
  • Jun 21 Sidney Smith, British admiral, born in Westminster, London (d. 1840)
  • Jul 9 Ann Radcliffe, English Gothic novelist (The Mysteries of Udolpho, The Romance of the Forest), born in London (d. 1823)
  • Aug 13 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general, born in Paris (d. 1813)
  • Aug 20 Charles F Bentinck, Dutch minister of Colonies
  • Aug 22 Charles Percier, French architect, born in Paris (d. 1838)
  • Sep 17 John Goodricke, English deaf astronomer (first to notice that some variable stars were periodic), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1786)

Person of interestFletcher Christian

Sep 25 Fletcher Christian, English sailor who led the mutiny on the HMS Bounty, born in Eaglesfield, Cumberland, England (d. ~1790-93)

  • Nov 5 Pieter Nieuwland, Dutch scientist and mathematician (known as "Dutch Isaac Newton"), born in Diemermeer (d. 1794)
  • Nov 22 Barbara Juliane, baroness von Krüdener, Baltic German religious mystic, author, and Pietist Lutheran theologian, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1824)
  • Dec 3 Mary Lamb, British author (Tales from Shakespeare), born in London, England (d. 1847)
  • Dec 7 Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno, French marshal, born in Lamarche, France (d. 1841)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 5 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II (17) weds queen Maria Luisa of Spain (18) in Innsbruck, Austria

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 25 Future 2nd American President John Adams (28) weds Abigail Smith (19) in Weymouth, Massachusetts (marriage lasts 54 years)

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States
Abigail Adams

Deaths in History

  • Mar 6 Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of England, dies at 73
  • Mar 17 George Parker, English astronomer, dies
  • Apr 14 Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow, Danish astronomer, dies at 84
  • Apr 15 Madame de Pompadour, French mistress of King Louis XV of France, dies of tuberculosis at 42
  • May 3 Francesco Algarotti, Italian art collector and encyclopedist (Viaggio in Russia), dies at 53
  • May 10 Picander [Christian Henrici], German writer (Die Weiberprobe), dies
  • Jun 3 Hans Adolph Brorson, Danish Pietist bishop, dies at 69
  • Jun 29 Ralph Allen, English businessman and politician (b. 1693)
  • Jul 7 William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, English politician (b. 1683)
  • Jul 16 Ivan VI, Emperor of Russia (1740-41), murdered at 23
  • Jul 23 Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born religious leader (b. 1703)
  • Sep 2 Nathaniel Bliss, English 4th Astronomer Royal (1762-64), dies at 63
  • Sep 23 Robert Dodsley, English writer (b. 1703)
  • Sep 26 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar, dies at 89
  • Oct 2 William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, 5th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1756-57), dies at 44
  • Oct 23 Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois de la Motte, French naval officer (b. 1683)
  • Oct 26 William Hogarth, English satiric painter and engraver (Rake's Progress), dies at 66
  • Nov 20 Christian Goldbach, German mathematician, dies