On This Day

1766 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 11 Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia
  • Feb 14 Dutch governor Falck and King Keerthisiri Rajasinghe of Kandy sign Treaty of Batticaloa
  • Mar 5 Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Territory from the French
  • Mar 8 Willem V (18) becomes governor of United Provinces
  • Mar 18 Britain repeals the Stamp Act, which had caused outrage in colonial America and helped lead to the American Revolution
  • Apr 8 1st fire escape patented, wicker basket on a pulley & chain
  • May 9 John Byron back in England after trip around the world
  • Jul 9 British premier Rockingham resigns
  • Jul 18 Society of the Dutch Literary forms
  • Oct 30 St. Paul's Chapel in New York is consecrated
  • Nov 10 The last Colonial governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, signs the charter of Queen's College (later renamed Rutgers University).
  • Nov 25 Pope Clement XIII warns On dangers of anti-Christian writings
  • Dec 5 World's largest auction house - Christie's hold their first sale in their permanent saleroom in Pall Mall, London

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 25 Hans Christoph Ernst von Gagern, German statesman & political writer, born in Kleinniedesheim, Germany (d. 1852)
  • Feb 13 Thomas Malthus, British economist and demographer (Law of Malthus), born in Guildford, England (d. 1834)
  • Mar 4 Emanuel ADMJ, French historian (Napoleon)
  • Apr 15 Friedrich Bouterwek, German philosopher and critic, born in Oker, Hanover, Germany (d. 1828)
  • Apr 22 Madame de Staël [Anne Louise Germaine de Staël-Holstein], French-Swiss author (De l’Allemagne), born in Paris (d. 1817)
  • Apr 24 Robert Bailey Thomas, American journalist and founder (The Farmer's Almanac), born in Grafton, Massachusetts (d. 1846)
  • Jul 6 Alexander Wilson, Scottish-American ornithologist and naturalist, born in Paisley, Scotland (d. 1813)
  • Jul 8 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
  • Jul 9 Johanna Schopenhauer, German writer and mother of Arthur Schopenhauer, born in Gdańsk, Royal Prussia, Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (d. 1838)
  • Jul 9 Jacob Perkins, American inventor, born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1849)
  • Jul 20 Thomas Bruce, 7th earl of Elgin & Kincardine, British diplomat, born in Broomhall, Fife, Scotland (d. 1841)
  • Aug 1 Jeffry Wyatville, English architect and garden designer (alterations and extensions to Chatsworth House and Windsor Castle), born in Burton upon Trent, England (d. 1840)
  • Aug 6 William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist and physicist (famous for discovering the chemical elements palladium and rhodium), born in East Dereham, Norfolk, England (d. 1828)

Person of interestJohn Dalton

Sep 6 John Dalton, English physicist and chemist who developed the atomic theory of matter and researched colour blindness, born in Eaglesfield, England (d. 1844)

Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist John Dalton
Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist
John Dalton
  • Sep 13 Samuel Wilson, American meat packer and possible namesake of Uncle Sam, born in Menotomy, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1854)
  • Sep 25 Armand-Emmanuel, Duc de Richelieu, Prime Minister of France (1815-18, 1820-21), born in Paris (d. 1822)
  • Oct 23 Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French general and marshal, born in Paris (d. 1847)
  • Nov 2 Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Czech field marshal, born in Sedlčany, Czech Republic (d. 1858)
  • Nov 24 Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect, born in Karlsruhe (d. 1826)
  • Dec 1 Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (d. 1826)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 8 Future Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck (28) weds Dorothy Cavendish (16)

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 James Francis Edward Stuart "The old Pretender", Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland after the death of his father James II, dies at 77
  • Jan 9 Thomas Birch, British historian (b. 1705)
  • Jan 13 King Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1723)
  • Jan 14 Frederik V, king of Denmark/Norway (1746-66), dies at 42
  • Jan 19 Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni, Italian-French architect, dies at 70
  • Feb 5 Leopold Joseph Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal, dies at 60
  • Feb 23 Stanislaw Leszcynski, duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies
  • Apr 4 John Taylor, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
  • Apr 7 Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch classicist, dies at 81
  • May 5 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)
  • May 8 Samuel Chandler, English non-conformist minister (b. 1693)
  • Jun 11 Elisabeth Farnese, Princess of Parma and Queen of Spain (1714-24), dies at 73
  • Jun 24 Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (b. 1678)
  • Jul 9 Jonathan Mayhew, American Congregational minister, dies at 45
  • Jul 11 Elizabeth Farnese, wife of Philip V of Spain (b. 1692)
  • Jul 14 František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect and builder, dies at 91
  • Jul 17 Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian Jesuit brother and missionary to China, dies at 77
  • Jul 20 Isabelle Farnese, queen of Spain, dies
  • Sep 3 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (b. 1686)
  • Sep 13 Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar, dies at 62
  • Nov 16 Dominikus Zimmermann, Bavarian Baroque architect and painter (Liebfrauenkirche), dies at 81
  • Dec 12 Johann Christoph Gottsched, German writer (b. 1700)