On This Day

1771 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 22 Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 12 Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden after the death of predecessor Adolf Frederick

King of Sweden Gustav III
King of Sweden
Gustav III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 16 Charles Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy

Astronomer Charles Messier
Charles Messier
  • Feb 19 Charles Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)
  • May 7 Samuel Hearne explores Copper Mine River of Canada
  • May 16 The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called "The Regulators", occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs, England

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • Jul 14 Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
  • Jul 31 Paul Potters "Great ossendrift" sold for Ÿ9050 in Amsterdam
  • Sep 8 Mission San Gabriel Archangel forms in California

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 26 Denis Diderot's "Le Fils Naturel" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • Oct 9 The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.
  • Nov 4 Carlo Goldoni's "Le Bourru Bienfaisant" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 16 West Indian Company & Amsterdam divide up Suriname

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Georges Cadoudal, Breton politician and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon, born in Brech, Brittany, Kingdom of France (d. 1804)
  • Jan 17 Charles Brockden Brown, father of American novel (Wieland)
  • Jan 21 Arnold A Buyskes, Dutch vice-admiral/colonial director
  • Jan 26 Jacob Andries van Braam, colonial director (Suriname)
  • Feb 28 French Jozef Kinsoen, Flemish portrait painter
  • Mar 10 Georg F Creuzer, German philological/historian (Idea und Probe)
  • Mar 22 Heinrich D. Zschokke, German Swiss author (Das Goldmacherdorf), born in Magdeburg, Prussia (d. 1848)
  • Apr 13 Frans Adam van der Duyn van Maasdam, Dutch governor (South Holland), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • Apr 13 Richard Trevithick, English inventor (steam locomotive), born in Tregajorran, England (d. 1833)
  • Apr 18 Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1820)
  • May 14 Robert Owen, Welsh factory owner and utopian socialist, born in Newtown, Wales (d. 1858)
  • May 19 Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German literary hostess, born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1833)
  • Jun 3 Sydney Smith, English preacher, reformer and author, born in Woodford, Essex (d. 1845)
  • Jun 3 Charles Bernard Desormes, Dijon, French Physicist and Chemist who determined the ratio of the specific heats of gases as well as the exact composition of carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide
  • Jun 5 Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover (1837-51), born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1851)
  • Jun 5 Willem Frederik van Bylandt, Dutch military officer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1855)
  • Jun 12 Patrick Gass, sergeant of Lewis and Clark Expedition, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1870)
  • Jun 19 Joseph Diez Gergonne, French mathematician, born in Nancy, France (d. 1859)
  • Jun 20 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist, born in St Mary's Isle, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland (d. 1820)
  • Jun 24 Éleuthère Irénée du Pont, French-American chemist and industrialist (E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company), born in Paris (d. 1834)
  • Aug 15 Walter Scott, Scottish historical novelist and poet (The Lady of the Lake, Rob Roy), born in College Wynd, Edinburgh Scotland (d. 1832)
  • Aug 22 Henry Maudslay, English inventor of the metal lathe, born in Woolwich, London (d. 1831)
  • Sep 5 Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1847)
  • Sep 11 Mungo Park, Scottish explorer (first westerner to travel the central Niger River in Africa), born in Selkirkshire, Scotland (d. 1806)
  • Sep 14 Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1829)
  • Sep 17 Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1816)
  • Sep 23 Emperor Kokaku of Japan (d. 1840)
  • Oct 9 Frederik Willem, Duke of Brunswick (1813-15), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1815)
  • Oct 23 Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (d. 1813)
  • Nov 11 Ephraim McDowell, American physician and surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery), born in Rockbridge, Virginia (d. 1830)

Person of interestMarie Francois Xavier Bichat

Nov 14 Marie François Xavier bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (tissue theory), born in Paris (d. 1802)

Anatomist and Physiologist Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
Anatomist and Physiologist
Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
  • Nov 22 Paulus Roelof Cantz'laar, Dutch naval officer and colonial governor, born in Amsterdam (d. 1831)
  • Dec 25 Dorothy Wordsworth, English poet, diarist and sister of William Wordsworth, born in Cockermouth, Cumberland, England (d. 1855)
  • Dec 26 Heinrich J von Collin, Austria dramatist/poet (Regulus)
  • Dec 26 Julie Clary, queen consort of Naples (d. 1845)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 26 Political activist Thomas Paine (34) weds second wife Elizabeth Ollive

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine

LoveWedding of Interest

May 14 King of France Louis XVIII weds princess Maria Giuseppina of Savoy at the Palace of Versailles

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (b. 1710)
  • Jan 11 Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French author, dies at 66
  • Feb 12 Adolf Frederik, King of Sweden (1751-70), dies at 60
  • Feb 20 Jean Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist, dies at 92
  • Mar 8 Louis August le Clerc, French-born sculptor (b. 1688)
  • Mar 22 Gottlieb Rabener, German author (Vom Misbrauch of the Satire), dies at 56
  • Mar 24 William Shirley, British Colonial Governor of Massachusetts (played an important role in Britain’s struggle against France for control of North America), dies at 76
  • May 21 Christopher Smart, English poet & journalist (Ceremony of Carols), dies at 49
  • Jun 8 George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English statesman, dies at 54
  • Jul 7 Thomas Gray, English poet (Elegy), dies at 54
  • Jul 30 Thomas Gray, English poet, dies at 54
  • Sep 17 Tobias Smollett, Scottish novelist (The Adventures of Roderick Random), dies at 50
  • Oct 8 John E Loovens, lawyer, dies at 76
  • Nov 6 Hermanus Noordkerk, Dutch jurist, dies at 69
  • Nov 6 John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (discovered Crab Nebula), dies at 75
  • Dec 6 Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Italian anatomist (b. 1682)
  • Dec 23 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, first native Canadian canonized (founded the Order of Sisters of Charity of Montreal), dies at 70,
  • Dec 26 Claude Adrien Helvétius, French philosopher (b. 1715)
  • Dec 27 Henri Pitot, Italian-French engineer, dies at 76