1772 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 1 First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities
  • Feb 12 Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India
  • Feb 17 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • Mar 13 Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Calotti" premieres in Brunswick
  • Apr 30 John Clais patents 1st scale
  • May 11 Amsterdam theater destroyed by fire, 18 killed
  • Jun 6 Haitian explorer Jean Baptiste-Pointe Dusable settles in Chicago
  • Jun 9 1st Protestant church west of Penn (in Ohio) holds communion
  • Jun 9 1st naval attack of Revolutionary War takes place in Providence, RI
  • Jun 12 Marion du Fresne is killed at Tacoury's Cove, Bay of Islands, New Zealand, by local Māori
  • Jun 22 Somerset v Stewart court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encouraging the abolitionist movement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 13 Captain James Cook begins 2nd voyage aboard the Resolution to the South Seas to search for Terra Australis (Southern continent)

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 English poet and artist William Blake aged 14 is first apprenticed to engraver James Basire in London

Poet/Artist William Blake
Poet/Artist
William Blake
  • Aug 5 1st Partition of Poland between Austria, Prussia and Russia is made public
  • Aug 11 Explosive eruption blows 4,000' off Papandayan Java, kills 3,000
  • Aug 19 Gustav III seizes effective control of Swedish government & restores full power of monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720
  • Aug 21 King Gustav III of Sweden completes coup d'etat by adopting a new Constitution and installing himself as an enlightened despot - ends 50 years of parliamentary rule
  • Aug 31 Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica
  • Sep 1 Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California
  • Sep 22 1st Partition of Poland is ratified by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • Sep 26 New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practice medicine
  • Oct 30 Captain James Cook arrives with ship Resolution in Capetown
  • Nov 2 Boston: anti-English Committee of Correspondence forms
  • Dec 22 Moravian missionary constructs 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Paul-Louis Courier, (de Mere), French writer/interpreter
  • Jan 12 Count Mikhail Speransky, Russian reformer (d. 1839)
  • Feb 18 Giovanni Battista Brocchi, Bassano del Grappa, Italian Geologist
  • Mar 10 Friedrich von Schlegel, German romantic writer/critic (Lucinde)
  • Apr 4 Nachman of Breslov, Ukrainian founder of Breslov Hasidut (d. 1810)
  • Apr 7 F M Charles Fourier, French socialist
  • Apr 11 Manuel Jose Quintana, Spanish author/poet (El Duque de Viseo)
  • Apr 15 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (d. 1844)
  • Apr 19 David Ricardo, economist
  • May 2 Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg], German romantic writer ('Heinrich von Ofterdingen), born in Oberwiederstedt, Saxony (d. 1801)
  • May 4 Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, German publisher (d. 1823)
  • May 20 William Congreve, English officer (design fire rocket)
  • May 22 Ram Mohan Roy, Hindu reformer (founded Brahmo Sabha), born in Radhanagar, British India (d. 1833)
  • Jun 6 Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Holy Roman Empire Empress consort (d. 1807)
  • Jun 8 Robert Stevenson, civil engineer, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Aug 11 Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount/general
  • Aug 24 William I Frederick, King of the Netherlands (1815-40) and Grand Duke of Luxembourg, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1843)
  • Aug 30 Henri de La Rochejacquelin, French Royalist Army leader, born in Mauléon, Kingdom of France (d. 1794)
  • Sep 27 Martha Jefferson Randolph, daughter of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1836)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 21 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English romantic poet (Rime of Ancient Mariner), born in Ottery St Mary, Devon (d. 1834)

Poet, Critic, and Philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Poet, Critic, and Philosopher
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • Nov 28 Luke Howard, British meteorologist (d. 1864)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 1 US founding father Thomas Jefferson (30) marries Martha Wayles Skelton (23)

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson

Deaths in History

  • Feb 10 Jozef Wenceslas, monarch of Liechtenstein/general, dies at 75
  • Feb 18 Johann Hartwig Ernst, Count von Bernstorff, Danish statesman (b. 1712)
  • Mar 2 Robert J Pothier, French lawyer, dies at 73
  • Mar 21 Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, French cartographer (b. 1703)
  • Mar 22 John Canton, English physicist, dies at 53
  • Mar 26 Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (b. 1704)
  • Mar 29 Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)
  • Apr 28 Johann Friedrich Struensee, physician of Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1737)
  • May 1 Gottfried Achenwall, German lawyer/statistics/economist, dies at 52
  • May 11 Joseph Kerckhoff, Limburg surgeon/robber captain, hanged
  • May 22 Durastante Natalucci, Italian historian (b. 1687)
  • Jun 12 Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer (b. 1724)
  • Jun 18 Gerard of Swieten, botanist/painter of Maria Theresia, dies at 72
  • Jun 18 Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (b. 1706)
  • Aug 31 William Borlase, English naturalist (b. 1695)
  • Sep 30 James Brindley, English engineer (b. 1716)
  • Oct 7 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (b. 1720)
  • Nov 5 Pieter Steyn, Dutch grand pensionary (1749-72), dies at 66
  • Nov 10 Pedro Antonio Joaquim Correa da Serra Garção, Portuguese poet (b. 1724)
  • Nov 11 John Mauritius Quinkhard, portrait painter, dies at 84
  • Nov 19 William Nelson, American colonial governor of Virginia (b. 1711)
  • Dec 28 Ernst J earl van/of Biron, Russian duke of Courland, dies at 82