On This Day

1773 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 6 Massachusetts slaves petition legislature for freedom
  • Jan 12 First public museum established in north American colonies (Charlestown, SC)

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

Jan 17 Captain James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33' S)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • Feb 26 Construction of Walnut Street Jail is approved by the state of Pennsylvania; it will become the first experiment with the practice of solitary confinement in the United States
  • Mar 12 Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
  • Mar 18 Oliver Goldsmith's "She Stoops to Conquer" premieres in London
  • Apr 27 British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
  • Jun 17 Cúcuta, Colombia is founded by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar
  • Jul 20 Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • Jul 21 Pope Clemens XIV bans Jesuits
  • Jul 29 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny Mountains completed, Schoenbrunn, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or bad peace"

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Sep 22 Benjamin Franklin publishes a hoax letter "An Edict by the King of Prussia" in the Public Advertiser, criticising Britain's colonial policies in the American colonies
  • Oct 12 America's first asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 13 The Whirlpool Galaxy discovered by astronomer Charles Messier

Astronomer Charles Messier
Charles Messier
  • Oct 14 The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
  • Oct 14 American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 5 John Hancock is elected as moderator at a Boston town meeting that resolves that anyone who supports the Tea Act is an "Enemy to America"

Statesman John Hancock
John Hancock
  • Dec 16 Boston tea party incident - Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbour in protest against British imposed Tea Act
  • Dec 18 A skirmish at Grass Cove in Queen Charlotte Sound results in the deaths of two Māori and nine members of James Cook's expedition, New Zealand
  • Dec 26 Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Pieter Fontijn, Dutch painter & drawer, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1839)
  • Jan 9 Cassandra Austen, English watercolorist and sister of Jane Austen (d. 1845)

Person of interestWilliam Henry Harrison

Feb 9 William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States (Whig: March 4-April 4, 1841), born in Charles City, Virginia (d. 1841)

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • Feb 22 Matthijs I van Bree, Flemish (court)painter
  • Mar 16 Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentine military leader and politician (d. 1836)
  • Mar 26 Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician, astronomer and author (Marine Sextant), born in Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1838)
  • Mar 28 Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general and engineer, born in Châteauroux, France (d. 1844)
  • Apr 6 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian (History of British India), born in Angus, Scotland (d. 1836)
  • Apr 9 Étienne Aignan, French writer, born in Beaugency, France (d. 1824
  • Apr 22 Jean Victor de Constant Rebecque, Swiss-Dutch army leader, born in Genève, Republic of Geneva (d. 1850)
  • Apr 24 Harman W. Muntinghe, Dutch lawyer and colonial director, born in Amsterdam (d. 1827)
  • May 2 Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher, born in Stavanger, Norway (d. 1845)
  • May 3 Giuseppe Acerbi, Italian traveller and naturalist, born in Castel Goffredo, Milan, Italy (d. 1846)
  • May 15 Clemens L Metternich, Austrian prince
  • May 19 Arthur Aikin, English mineralogist (d. 1854)
  • May 29 Princess Sophia of Gloucester, great-granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and niece of King George III, born in Mayfair, Middlesex (d. 1844)
  • May 31 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1853)
  • Jun 2 John Randolph [of Roanoke], American planter, Congressman (Virginia) and Minister to Russia, born in Cawsons, Virginia (d. 1833)
  • Jun 3 Caspar G C Reinwardt, German Dutch biologist
  • Jun 13 Thomas Young, British physician and physicist (light interference), born in Milverton, Somerset, England (d. 1829)
  • Jul 13 Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies about Art), born in Berlin (d. 1798)
  • Jul 23 Thomas Brisbane, British soldier, administrator and astronomer, born in Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1860)
  • Jul 27 Jakob Aall, Norwegian journalist and statesman, born in Porsgrunn, Norway (d. 1844)
  • Aug 22 Aimé Bonpland, French explorer and botanist, born in La Rochelle, France (birth date disputed) (d. 1858)
  • Aug 23 Jakob F. Fries, German philosopher, born in Barby, Germany (d. 1843)
  • Sep 25 Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist, born in Mairago, Italy (d. 1856)
  • Oct 6 Louis-Philippe, King of France (1830-48), born in Palais Royal, Paris (d. 1850)
  • Nov 24 Shadrach Bond, American politician (1st Governor of Illinois, 1818 to 1822), born in Frederick, Maryland (d. 1832)
  • Dec 27 George Cayley, England, found science of aerodynamics

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 10 American revolution patriot Paul Revere (38) weds Rachel Walker in Boston, Massachusetts

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Anton Losenko, Russian painter (b. 1737)
  • Jan 21 Alexis Piron, French dramatist (La Métromanie), dies at 83
  • Feb 20 Charles Emanuel III of Savoy, King of Sardinia, dies at 71
  • Mar 1 Jan Wagenaar, Dutch historian, dies at 63
  • Mar 1 Luigi Vanvitelli [Louis van Wittel], Italian architect, dies at 72
  • Mar 13 Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist, dies at 45
  • Mar 24 Philip Dormer Stanhope, English statesman (b. 1694)
  • May 8 Ali Bey Al-Kabir, Egyptian Mameluk head, dies (b. 1728)
  • May 15 Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer, dies at 62
  • Jun 27 Mentewab, dowager Empress of Ethiopia (b. circa 1706)
  • Jul 5 Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian and philologist (b. 1719)
  • Jul 7 Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician and astronomer, dies at 60
  • Jul 23 George Edwards, English naturalist and ornithologist (father of British ornithology), dies at 79
  • Aug 3 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (b. 1700)
  • Aug 20 Enrique Florez, Spanish historian, dies at 72
  • Aug 22 George Lyttelton, English writer and politician (b. 1709)
  • Sep 20 Pieter de Swart, architect (Delfts Port Rotterdam), dies at 63
  • Sep 23 Johann Ernst Gunnerus, Norwegian bishop and botanist (b. 1718)
  • Oct 21 Johann Conrad Schlaun, German baroque architect, dies at 78
  • Oct 26 Amédée-François Frézier, French military engineer and explorer (b. 1682)
  • Nov 2 John Glas, Scottish Presbyterian clergyman (started Glasite church movement), dies at 78
  • Nov 8 Friedrich Wilhelm, baron von Seydlitz, Prussian general, dies at 52
  • Nov 16 John Hawkesworth, English writer
  • Nov 19 James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish politician, dies at 51
  • Nov 22 Robert Clive, English explorer and founder (British Empire in India), dies at 49