On This Day

1782 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 7 1st US commercial bank, Bank of North America, opens in Philadelphia
  • Jan 15 Robert Morris, Superintendent of Finance, recommends to U.S. Congress establishment of decimal coinage and a national mint
  • Feb 5 British garrison in Menorca surrenders to French and Spanish fleet as part of the American Revolutionary War
  • Feb 5 Spanish take Minorca (western Mediterranean) from British
  • Feb 13 French fleet occupies St Christopher
  • Feb 21 US Congress resolves establishment of a US mint

InventionHistoric Invention

Feb 23 Engineer James Watt's patent for a rotary motion for the steam engine (his sun-and-planet gear) is granted

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • Mar 8 Gnadenhutten Massacre - Ohio militia kills 90 indians
  • Mar 23 "Les Liaisons dangereuses" by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos is published by Durand Neveu

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 27 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain

British Prime Minister Charles Watson-Wentworth
British Prime Minister
Charles Watson-Wentworth
  • Apr 6 Rama I succeeds King Taksin of Siam (modern day Thailand), who is overthrown in a coup d'état

Victory in BattleBattle of the Saintes

Apr 12 Battle at Les Saintes: British fleet under Admiral George Rodney defeats the French fleet under Comte de Grasse off Dominica in the West Indies. Prevents a planned French and Spanish invasion of Jamaica.
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The French flagship, the Ville de Paris on the right, in action against HMS Barfleur
The French flagship, the Ville de Paris on the right, in action against HMS Barfleur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 19 John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • Jun 20 Congress approves Great Seal of the United States of America and the bald eagle as its symbol
  • Jul 1 American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 4 William Petty becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain following the death of Charles Watson-Wentworth

British Prime Minister William Petty
British Prime Minister
William Petty
British Prime Minister Charles Watson-Wentworth
British Prime Minister
Charles Watson-Wentworth
  • Jul 6 British-French sea battle at Negapatam (off India)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 2 George Washington creates Honorary Badge of Distinction

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Aug 7 George Washington creates the Purple Heart medal (original name Badge of Military Merit) as commander of the Continental Army
  • Aug 14 Suriname forbids selling slave mothers without their babies

BattleBattle of Interest

Aug 27 Battle of the Combahee River near Beaufort, North Carolina, American abolitionist John Laurens is killed leading the charge

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • Sep 16 Great Seal of the United States of America used for the first time
  • Nov 30 Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence
  • Dec 14 Charleston, South Carolina evacuated by British
  • Dec 29 1st nautical almanac in US published by Samuel Stearns, Boston

Birthdays in History


Person of interestDaniel Webster

Jan 18 Daniel Webster, US Secretary of State (1841-43, 1850-52), politician and lawyer, born in Salisbury, New Hampshire (d. 1852)

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • Jan 20 Johan B J F S, archduke of Austria
  • Mar 4 Johann Rudolf Wyss, Swiss folklorist and writer (Swiss Family Robinson), born in Bern (d. 1830)
  • Mar 14 Thomas Hart Benton, American politician, born in Harts Mill, North Carolina (d. 1858)

Person of interestJohn C. Calhoun

Mar 18 John C. Calhoun, Andrew Jackson's Vice President (1825-32), born in Abbeville, South Carolina (d. 1850)

US Vice President John C. Calhoun
US Vice President
John C. Calhoun
  • Mar 24 Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (d. 1836)
  • Mar 25 Caroline Bonaparte, Queen of Naples (d. 1839) and sister of Napoleon
  • Apr 26 Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily, French queen as wife of Louis Phillip of Austria, born in Caserta Palace, Naples (d. 1866)
  • May 16 John Sell Cotman, English water color artist, born in Norwich, England (d. 1842)
  • May 28 Wouter Johannes van Troostwijk, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1810)
  • Jun 3 Charles Waterton, eccentric naturalist/pioneer
  • Jun 10 Amable-Guillaume-Prosper Brugière, French politician and historian, born in Riom, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1866)
  • Jun 19 Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais, French Catholic priest and writer (L'avenir), born in Saint-Malo, Brittany, France (d. 1854)
  • Jun 21 Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general, born in Olkhovatsky District, Russia (d. 1852)
  • Jul 6 Luis Brión, Curacao military officer who fought in the Venezuelan War of Independence, born in Plantage Rozentak, Curaçao (d. 1821)
  • Aug 10 Charles Napier, soldier, born in London, England

Person of interestVicente Guerrero

Aug 10 Vicente Guerrero, Mexican revolutionary hero, general and 2nd President of Mexico (1829), born in Cuilapan, Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1831)

Revolutionary General and President of Mexico Vicente Guerrero
Revolutionary General and President of Mexico
Vicente Guerrero
  • Aug 15 Henri de Mérode, Belgian revolutionary (Souvenirs), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1847)
  • Sep 7 Bernardus Johannes Dibbets, Dutch baron and general-major (Maastricht), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1839)
  • Sep 16 Daoguang, 8th Emperor of Qing Dynasty, born in Forbidden City, Beijing, China (d. 1850)
  • Sep 25 Charles Robert Maturin, Irish playwright and novelist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1824)
  • Oct 9 Lewis Cass, American military officer and politician (U.S. Senator-Michigan), born in Exeter, New Hampshire (d. 1866)
  • Oct 11 Steen Steensen Blicher, Danish poet and short-story writer (E Binddstouw), born in Vium, Denmark (d. 1848)
  • Oct 25 Levi Lincoln, Jr., American lawyer and 13th Governor of Massachusetts (1825-34), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1868)
  • Nov 1 F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1827-28), born in Skelton-on-Ure, Yorkshire, England (d. 1859)
  • Nov 13 Esaias Tegnér, Swedish writer (Frithjof's Saga), born in Kyrkerud, Sweden (d. 1846)

Person of interestMartin Van Buren

Dec 5 Martin Van Buren, 8th US President (Democrat: 1837-41), born in Kinderhook, New York (d. 1862)

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • Dec 26 Filaret Drozdov, Metropolitan of Moscow (d. 1867)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 18 Romantic Age poet and artist William Blake (24) marries Catherine Boucher, 5 years his junior, in St. Mary's Church, Battersea, London.

Poet and Artist William Blake
Poet and Artist
William Blake

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French court architect (Palace de la Concorde), dies at 83
  • Jan 28 Jean-Baptiste-Bourguignon d'Anville, French geographer and cartographer, dies at 84
  • Feb 9 Joseph Aloysius Assemani, Syrian orientalist (b. 1710)
  • Feb 10 Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, German Lutheran theologian, dies at 79
  • Mar 17 Daniel Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and physicist (10 time French award), dies at 82
  • Apr 7 Taksin, King of Siam (1767-82), dies at 47
  • Apr 12 Metastasio, Italian poet and librettist (b. 1698)

Person of interestAnne Bonny

Apr 22 Anne Bonny, Irish pirate, dies in prison (date is approximate)

Pirate Anne Bonny
Pirate
Anne Bonny
  • Apr 27 William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, English politician (b. 1710)
  • May 8 Marquis of Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal (1756-1777), dies at 82
  • May 15 Richard Wilson, Welsh landscape painter, dies at 67
  • May 16 Daniuel Charles Solander, botanist, dies
  • May 20 William Emerson, British mathematician (b. 1701)

Person of interestCharles Watson-Wentworth

Jul 1 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquis of Rockingham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1765-66, 1782), dies in an influenza epidemic at 52

British Prime Minister Charles Watson-Wentworth
British Prime Minister
Charles Watson-Wentworth
  • Jul 6 Maria Louisa of Spain, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire, dies at 41
  • Jul 16 Louise Ulrike, queen of Sweden and wife of Adolf Frederik, dies at 61

Person of interestJohn Laurens

Aug 27 John Laurens, American soldier, diplomat and abolitionist, killed in battle at 27

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • Aug 29 Richard Kempenfelt, Royal Navy Admiral drowns (b. 1718)
  • Sep 6 Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, wife of Thomas Jefferson (b. 1748)
  • Oct 2 Charles Lee, British and U.S. general (b. 1732)
  • Nov 22 John Barueth, vicar/pamphleter, dies
  • Nov 22 John de Mol, porcelein manufacturer, dies
  • Dec 27 Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish philosopher (b. 1697)