1784 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 6 Turkey & Russia sign treaty in Constantinople
  • Jan 7 1st US seed business established by David Landreth, Philadelphia
  • Jan 14 US Revolutionary War ends with the US Congress of the Confederation ratifying the Treaty of Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Benjamin Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America's symbol

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Feb 4 1st unmanned balloon flight in Ireland
  • Feb 22 1st US ship to trade with China, "Empress of China", sails from NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 28 John Wesley charters Methodist Church

Evangelist John Wesley
John Wesley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 Marquis de Sade transferred from Vincennes fortress to the Bastille

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • Mar 1 E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
  • Mar 5 Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, is named President of the Board of Trade.
  • Mar 22 The Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand
  • May 8 Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough, South Carolina)
  • May 11 Britain & Tippu Sahib of Mysore sign peace treaty
  • May 20 Britain & Netherlands sign peace treaty (Peace of Paris)
  • May 22 Ceylonese student leader Pieter Quint Ondaatje demands democracy
  • May 25 Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek
  • Jun 3 US army officially established by Congress of the Confederation
  • Jun 4 Madame Elizabeth Thible becomes the first female balloonist
  • Jun 9 John Carroll appointed supervisor of US Catholic Missions
  • Jun 16 Holland forbids the wearing of orange clothes
  • Jun 23 1st US balloon flight (13 year old Edward Warren)
  • Aug 13 British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company's rule in India under the control of the British Government.
  • Aug 23 Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state & name it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejects it
  • Sep 21 Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser becomes the 1st successful daily newspaper in the United States
  • Sep 22 Russian trappers establish a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska
  • Nov 1 Maryland grants citizenship to Lafayette & his descendents
  • Nov 26 Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the United States established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 John Jay becomes acting US Secretary of State (1789-990)

Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay

Birthdays in History

Person of interestGeorge Hamilton-Gordon

Jan 28 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Peelite: 1852-55) and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1861)

British Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon
British Prime Minister
George Hamilton-Gordon
  • Feb 5 Nancy Hanks Lincoln, mother of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1818)
  • Feb 20 Adam Black, politician/publisher, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Feb 27 Elias Annes Borger, Dutch theologist/poet (To the Rhine)
  • Feb 29 Franz KL von Klenze, German architect (Hermitage, St-Petersburg)
  • Apr 13 Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder
  • Apr 13 Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (d. 1877)
  • Apr 24 Peter Vivian Daniel, American jurist, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1841-60), born in Stafford County, Virginia (d. 1860)
  • Apr 29 Samuel Turell Armstrong, American politician and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1850)
  • Jul 22 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (star parallax, Bessel Function)
  • Jul 27 Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1839)
  • Aug 14 Francesco Capaccini, Italian cardinal and diplomat, born in Rome (d. 1845)
  • Oct 14 Ferdinand VII, King of Spain, born in El Escorial, Spain (d. 1833)
  • Oct 15 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly, born in Limoges, France (d. 1849)
  • Oct 19 John McLoughlin, Hudson's Bay Co pioneer in Oregon Country
  • Oct 19 Leigh Hunt, British writer

Person of interestHenry John Temple

Oct 20 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, British Prime Minister (1855-58 and 1859-65), born in Westminster, Middlesex (d. 1865)

British Prime Minister Henry John Temple
British Prime Minister
Henry John Temple
  • Nov 15 Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia (d. 1860)

Person of interestZachary Taylor

Nov 24 Zachary Taylor, 12th US President (Mar 5, 1849 - July 9, 1850), born in Barboursville, Virginia (d. 1850)

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Dec 7 Allan Cunningham, British poet (d. 1842)
  • Dec 13 Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864)
  • Dec 14 Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias (d. 1806)
  • Dec 19 Marcus Morton, 16th and 18th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • Dec 24 Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1803)
  • Dec 30 Dorothea von Benckendorff, Baltic monarch of Lieven

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 16 American Revolutionary War patriot Ethan Allen (46) weds second wife Frances Montresor Brush Buchanan

American Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan Allen
American Revolutionary War Patriot
Ethan Allen

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Patrice F earl de Neney, South Neth Secret Council chairman, dies at 67
  • Feb 13 Charles Gravier, French earl of Vergennes/min of For affairs, dies
  • Apr 4 Mary Mead, wife of English radical and journalist John Wilkes (b. 1715)
  • Apr 10 Simon Fokke, book illustrator, dies at 71
  • Apr 26 Nano Nagle, Irish convent founder (b. 1718)
  • Apr 30 Franz K earl von Velbruck, German free mason, dies
  • May 12 Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (first to study freshwater polyps or hydra), dies at 73
  • Jun 6 Joan Derk, Baron van der Capellen tot den Pol, Leader of democratic Patriots, dies at 42
  • Jun 13 Henry Middleton, American president of the Continental Congress (b. 1717)
  • Jun 29 Caesar Rodney, US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 55
  • Jul 8 Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
  • Jul 15 Johan B Straub, South German sculptor, dies

Person of interestDenis Diderot

Jul 31 Denis Diderot, French writer/philosopher, dies at 70

Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • Aug 10 Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter, dies at 70
  • Aug 14 Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born portrait and miniature painter, dies at 66

Person of interestJunípero Serra

Aug 28 Junipero Serra, Spanish missionary priest who founded the 1st missions in California, dies at 70

Missionary Junípero Serra
Junípero Serra
  • Sep 4 Cesar F Cassini "the Thury", French astronomer (geodesic labor), dies

Person of interestAnn Lee

Sep 8 Ann Lee, American founder of the Shakers, dies at 48

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee

Person of interestPhillis Wheatley

Dec 5 Phillis Wheatley, American poet and first published African-American woman, dies in Boston at 31

  • Dec 13 Samuel Johnson, English writer and lexicographer (b. 1709)
  • Dec 25 Yosa Buson, Japanese painter (b. 1716)
  • Dec 26 Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader (b. 1743)
  • Dec 26 Otto Friedrich Müller, Danish Naturalist who was a pioneer in the study of microorganisms, dies at 54