1786 in History

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Events in History

  • Feb 13 Abraham Baldwin selected president of University of Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 24 Charles Cornwallis appointed governor-general of India

General and Colonial Administrator Charles Cornwallis
General and Colonial Administrator
Charles Cornwallis
  • Jun 8 Commercially made icecream 1st advertised (Mr Hall, NYC)
  • Jun 10 A landslide dam on the Dadu River caused by earthquake ten days earlier collapses, killing 100,000 in the Sichuan province of China
  • Jun 29 Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
  • Jul 29 1st newspaper published west of Alleghanies, Pitts Gazette

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jul 31 "Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish dialect" by Robert Burns is published by John Wilson in Kilmarnock, Scotland

  • Aug 2 Utrechtse Vroedschap flees
  • Aug 8 US Congress unanimously chooses the dollar as the money unit for the United States
  • Aug 8 Jacques Balmat & Michel Paccard are 1st to climb to top of Mont Blanc
  • Aug 11 Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
  • Aug 29 Shay's Rebellion in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • Sep 4 -5] Orange troops plunder Hattem/Elburg
  • Sep 5 Montplaisir Ceramic factory opens in Schaarbeek Belgium
  • Sep 11 Annapolis Convention to determine interstate commerce
  • Sep 24 African American slave and poet Jupiter Hammon makes his "Address to the Negroes of the State of New York" speech advocating emancipation at meeting of African Society in NY
  • Sep 26 Britain & France sign trade agreement
  • Oct 15 Earliest 32°F (0°C) recorded temperature in NYC
  • Oct 20 Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 30 Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II promulgates a penal reform, making his the 1st state to abolish the death penalty. November 30 commemorated as Cities for Life Day.

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • Dec 29 French Revolution: The Assembly of Notables is convoked

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 John Catron, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1865)
  • Jan 8 Nicholas Biddle, made 2nd bank of US 1st effective central bank
  • Jan 11 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, born in London, England
  • Jan 12 Sir Robert Inglis, Bt, English politician (d. 1855)
  • Jan 23 Auguste de Montferrand, French architect (d. 1858)
  • Jan 26 Benjamin Robert Haydon, Plymouth, painter (Waiting for The Times)
  • Feb 2 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (d. 1856)
  • Feb 16 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1859)

Person of interestWilhelm Grimm

Feb 24 Wilhelm Grimm, German story teller (Grimm's Fairy Tales), born in Hanau, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1859)

  • Feb 24 Martin W. Bates. U.S. Senator from Delaware (d. 1869)
  • Feb 28 D Francois J Arago, French astronomer/physicist/politician
  • Mar 25 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist
  • Apr 7 William Rufus DeVane King, American politician, 13th US Vice President (1853), born in Sampson County, North Carolina (d. 1853)
  • Apr 15 Walter Channing, American physician who was the first to use anesthesia during childbirth, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1876)
  • Apr 16 John Franklin, English rear admiral and explorer (Arctic), born in Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1847)
  • May 6 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1837)
  • May 8 Thomas Hancock, British engineer, founded British rubber industry, born in Malborough, Wilshire (d. 1865)
  • May 8 Jean Vianney, French Catholic priest, born in Dardilly, Lyonnais, Kingdom of France (d. 1859)
  • May 15 General Dimitris Plapoutas, a Revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1864)
  • Jun 13 Winfield Scott, American army general (Union) and presidential candidate, born in Petersburg, Virginia (d. 1866)
  • Jun 20 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (d. 1859)
  • Jul 9 Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Princess of France, daughter of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1787)
  • Jul 24 Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, born in Cluses, Savoy, France (d. 1843)
  • Aug 1 Louis C Luzac, Dutch minister of Internal Affairs, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1861)

Person of interestDavy Crockett

Aug 17 Davy Crockett, American frontiersman, adventurer and politician, born in Greene County, Tennessee (d. 1836)

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Frontiersman/Soldier
Davy Crockett
  • Aug 17 Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, mother of Queen Victoria (d. 1861)
  • Aug 25 [Charles] Louis I, (Augustus), King of Bavaria (Lola Montez)
  • Sep 10 Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician and soldier (d. 1854)
  • Sep 10 William Mason, American politician (d. 1860)
  • Sep 18 Justinus Kerner, German physician and medical writer (first detailed description of botulism), born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1862)
  • Sep 18 Christian VIII, King of Denmark (1839-1848) and King of Norway (1814), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1848)
  • Sep 29 Guadalupe Victoria, 1st President of Mexico (d. 1843)
  • Oct 7 Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1871)
  • Oct 11 Stevenson Archer, American judge and Congressmen from Maryland, born in Churchville, Maryland (d. 1848)
  • Oct 30 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer (d. 1871)
  • Nov 12 John Burke, Irish genealogist (Burke's Peerage)
  • Dec 4 John LA Luyten, Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament [or 12/14]
  • Dec 5 Henry Drummond, English banker and religious leader
  • Dec 12 William L. Marcy, American statesman (d. 1857)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Mozes Mendelssohn, German Jewish enlightenment philosopher (Haksalah), dies at 56
  • Jan 7 Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • Jan 14 Meshech Weare, Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1713)
  • Feb 28 John Gwynn, English architect and engineer (b. 1713)
  • Mar 11 Jacobus Bellamy, [Zelandus], Dutch/Swiss poet, dies at 28
  • Mar 11 Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress, dies at 71
  • Mar 23 Patience Wright, 1st US woman pro artist, dies (birth date unknown)
  • Apr 10 John Byron, British naval officer (b. 1723)
  • Apr 20 John Goodricke, English deaf & dumb astronomer, dies at 21
  • Apr 23 Alexander Cozens, English water colors painter, dies at about 68
  • May 21 Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Swedish pharmacist and chemist (lemon acid), dies of mercury poisoning at 43
  • May 23 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, dies of a fatal bullet wound to his chest at 39
  • May 25 Pedro III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1777-86) and consort of Queen Maria I of Portugal, dies at 68

Person of interestNathanael Greene

Jun 19 Nathanael Greene, American military leader (major general during the American Revolutionary War), dies at 43

Military Leader Nathanael Greene
Military Leader
Nathanael Greene
  • Aug 15 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar and critic, dies at 56

Person of interestFrederick the Great

Aug 17 Frederick the Great, King of Prussia (1740-86), dies at 74

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • Sep 5 Jonas Hanway, English merchant, traveler, and philanthropist (b. 1712)
  • Oct 2 Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral, dies at 61
  • Oct 17 Johann Ludwig Aberli, Swiss artist (b. 1723)
  • Oct 31 Princess Amelia Sophia of Great Britain, second daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach, dies at 75
  • Nov 30 Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), dies of typhus at 40
  • Dec 26 Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist (b. 1713)