On This Day

1790 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 7 French Revolution: A major riot breaks out in Versailles as people demand lower bread prices

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Jan 11 Statisten & Vonckisten unite as Belgium
  • Jan 30 Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor
  • Feb 1 US Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)
  • Feb 11 Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery
  • Mar 1 1st US census authorized
  • Mar 4 France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.
  • Mar 12 French Revolution: The National Assembly issues a decree allowing for the sale of church land by French municipalities

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 22 Thomas Jefferson becomes the 1st US Secretary of State under President Washington

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Mar 26 US Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
  • Mar 27 The modern shoelace with an aglet patented in England by Harvey Kennedy
  • Apr 10 US Patent system forms
  • Apr 30 Colonial troops occupy Bonni's marroon village
  • May 26 Territory South of River Ohio created by US Congress

USAConstitution of the United States

May 29 Rhode Island becomes last of original 13 colonies ratifying US Constitution

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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  • May 31 US copyright law enacted
  • May 31 Alferez Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca
  • Jun 9 1st book copyrighted under constitution, "Philadelphia Spelling Book"
  • Jun 19 French Revolution: The National Assembly issues a decree abolishing the titles, orders and other privileges of the French nobility
  • Jul 9 Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet
  • Jul 12 French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 The Fête de la Fédération, attended by Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, is held across France on the first anniversary of the French Revolution

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • Jul 16 Congress declares the city of Washington in the District of Columbia, the permanent capital of the United States
  • Jul 26 US Congress passes the Funding Act of 1790 making the federal government responsible for debts incurred by the states

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Henry James Pye appointed as British Poet Laureate by King George III

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • Jul 31 1st US patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process
  • Aug 2 1st US census conducted, the population was 3,939,214 including 697,624 slaves
  • Aug 4 United States Revenue Cutter Service is established to serve as an armed customs enforcement service (becoming the US Coast Guard in 1915)
  • Aug 9 Robert Gray's Columbia Rediviva returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st American ship to circumnavigate the Globe
  • Aug 14 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Verela

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling is granted permission to enroll at the Tübinger Stift at an earlier age than usually permitted

  • Oct 23 Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed)
  • Oct 28 New York gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000
  • Nov 11 Chrysanthemums are introduced to England from China
  • Dec 2 Austrian army occupies Brussels
  • Dec 6 The U.S. Congress moves from New York City to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Dec 17 Aztec calendar stone discovered in Mexico City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 20 1st successful US cotton mill begins spinning yarn in Pawtucket, Rhode Island built by Samuel Slater based on Richard Arkwright's design

Industrialist and Inventor Richard Arkwright
Industrialist and Inventor
Richard Arkwright
  • Dec 22 Supposedly impenetrable Turkish fortress of Izmail stormed and captured by Suvorov and his Russian armies during the Russo-Turkish War (1787–92)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 19 Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom, Swedish romantic poet (Blommorna (The Flowers), Lycksalighetens Ö (The Island of Bliss)) and historian (Svenska Siare och Skalder), born in Åsbo, Sweden (d. 1855)
  • Feb 18 Marshall Hall, Basford Nottinghamshire, physician
  • Mar 14 Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver, born in Hanau, Germany (d. 1863)
  • Mar 15 Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)

Person of interestJohn Tyler

Mar 29 John Tyler, 10th US President (1841-45), born in Charles City County, Virginia (d. 1862)

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • Mar 30 Joseph Smith, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1877)
  • Apr 30 John Cockerill, English-Belgian industrialist (founded iron, steel, and manufacturing company - John Cockerill & Company), born in Haslingden, Lancs, England (d. 1840)
  • May 12 [Johannes] Carsten Hauch, Danish poet and writer, born in Frederikshald, Norway (d. 1872)
  • May 23 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer and naval officer, born in Condé-sur-Noireau, France (d. 1842)
  • Jun 1 Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi/learned (Ereg miliem)
  • Jun 1 Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (d. 1836)
  • Jun 13 José Antonio Páez, President of Venezuela (1830-35), born in Curpa, Portuguesa, Venezuela (d. 1873)
  • Jun 19 John Gibson, British sculptor, born in Conwy, Wales (d. 1866)
  • Jul 4 George Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest, born in Gwernvale, Brecknockshire, Wales (d. 1866)
  • Aug 13 William Wentworth, Australian explorer and politician, born in Norfolk Island (d. 1872)
  • Aug 19 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), born in London, England (d. 1853)
  • Sep 26 Nassau William Senior, British economist (New Poor Law 1834), born in Compton, Berkshire, England (d. 1864)
  • Oct 3 John Ross, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, born in Turkeytown, Alabama (d. 1866)
  • Oct 14 Thursday October Christian, son of Fletcher Christian (leader of the historical mutiny on the Bounty), born in Pitcairn Island (d. 1831)
  • Oct 21 Alphonse-Marie Louis de Lamartine, Macon France, writer (René)
  • Oct 22 Jan Ackersdijk, Dutch political economist, born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1861)
  • Oct 23 Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman (d. 1860)
  • Oct 30 Rinse Posthumus, Frisian writer and poet, born in Ternaard, Friesland (d. 1859)
  • Nov 4 Carlos Antonio López, 1st President of Paraguay (1844-62), born in Asunción, Paraguay (d. 1862)
  • Nov 12 Letitia Christian Tyler, 1st wife of President Tyler
  • Nov 17 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)
  • Dec 16 Leopold I, King of Belgium (1831-65), born in Ehrenburg Palace, Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1865)
  • Dec 19 William Parry, English Arctic explorer (Parry Channel), born in Bath, England (d. 1855)
  • Dec 23 Jean-Francois Champollion, French scolar who deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics with Rosetta Stone, born in Figeac, France (d. 1832)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Joseph Anton Feuchtmayer, German rococo sculptor, dies at 73
  • Jan 8 John Stinstra, Dutch baptist vicar, dies at 81
  • Jan 13 Luc Urbain de Bouëxic, comte de Guichen, French admiral, dies at 77
  • Jan 15 John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)
  • Jan 31 Thomas Lewis, Irish-American surveyor, lawyer, and a pioneer of early Virginia, dies at 71
  • Feb 5 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist, dies at 79
  • Feb 20 Joseph II, Emperor of Holy Roman Empire (1760-1790), dies at 48
  • Mar 5 Flora MacDonald, Scottish woman who helped Bonnie Prince Charlie escape, buried in the sheet he slept in at 67 or 68
  • Mar 12 Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)

Person of interestBenjamin Franklin

Apr 17 Benjamin Franklin, US Founding Father, inventor, ambassador and writer (Poor Richards Almanac), dies at 84

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • May 4 Matthew Tilghman, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1718)
  • May 9 William Clingan, American delegate to the Continental Congress
  • May 16 Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician, dies at 70
  • May 21 Thomas Warton, English critic and poet (Pleasures of Melancholy) British Poet Laureate (1785-90), dies at 62
  • May 27 Jeremiah Carlton, laziest man in history, heir to a large fortune at 19 went to bed & stayed there for next 70 yrs, dies at 89
  • May 29 Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (b. 1718)
  • Jun 29 Feike H Van de Crew, Fries writer (Mayke Jakkelis), dies
  • Jul 7 Franciscus "Frans" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher, dies at 68
  • Jul 14 Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)

Person of interestAdam Smith

Jul 17 Adam Smith, Scottish economist (Wealth of Nations) and moral philosopher, dies at 67

Economist and Philosopher Adam Smith
Economist and Philosopher
Adam Smith
  • Jul 25 Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer, dies at 66
  • Jul 25 William Livingston, American politician and 1st revolutionary Governor of New Jersey, dies at 66
  • Sep 2 Johann N von Hontheim, German religious historian/Bishop, dies
  • Sep 24 John Keyse Sherwin, engraver/painter, dies
  • Oct 14 William Hooper, American attorney and signer of U.S. Declaration of Independence, dies at 48
  • Oct 19 Lyman Hall, American physician and signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • Oct 29 Pieter van/of Bleiswijk, pension advisor 1771-87, dies at about 66
  • Nov 6 James Bowdoin, American Revolutionary leader and politician, dies at 64
  • Nov 16 Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • Dec 12 Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer, dies at 57