On This Day

1796 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 23 Armand-Gaston Camus becomes chairman of the Council of 500
  • Feb 1 The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York
  • Feb 29 Jay's Treaty proclaimed, settles some differences with England
  • Mar 1 1st National Meeting in the Hague

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Mar 2 Napoléon Bonaparte is appointed Commander-in-Chief of the French Army in Italy

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Mar 28 Bethel African Methodist Church of Philadelphia is 1st US-African church

InventionScientific Discovery

Mar 30 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, discovers the construction of the heptadecagon

Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's "Egmont" premieres in Weimar

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Apr 8 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, proves the quadratic reciprocity law (the ability to determine the solvability of any quadratic equation in modular arithmetic)
  • Apr 13 First elephant arrives in US from India
  • Apr 13 Battle of Millesimo, Italy: Napoleon's forces defeat allied armies of Austria and of the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont.
  • Apr 21 Napoleon and the French defeat the Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi
  • Apr 28 Cease fire of Cherasco between Sardinia and Napoleon Bonaparte
  • May 10 French government arrest 10 utopists
  • May 10 Napoleon defeats Austria in Battle of Lodi Bridge
  • May 10 Riot after disagreement of patriotic demand in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 English country doctor Edward Jenner administers his revolutionary cowpox-based vaccine for smallpox, in Berkeley, Gloucestershire

Physician and Scientist Edward Jenner
Physician and Scientist
Edward Jenner
  • May 15 France & Sardinia sign Peace treaty of Paris
  • May 15 First Coalition: Napoleon enters Milan in triumph with French troops
  • May 16 Lombardian Republic forms
  • May 19 Game protection law restricts encroachment on Indian hunting grounds
  • Jun 1 Last of Britain's troops withdraws from USA
  • Jun 1 Tennessee admitted as 16th US state
  • Jul 4 1st Independence Day celebration is held
  • Jul 8 US State Department issues 1st US passport
  • Jul 10 Carl Friedrich Gauss discovers that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers
  • Jul 22 Cleveland, Ohio, founded by General Moses Cleaveland. Originally called 'Cleaveland', the public adopted the current name after a newspaper editor noticed the name was too long to fit on the page.
  • Aug 8 Boston African Society establishes with 44 members
  • Aug 17 British beat Batavian navy in Saldanha Bay, South Africa
  • Aug 19 Spain & France sign anti-British alliance
  • Aug 23 African Methodist Episcopal Church incorporated
  • Sep 2 Jews of the Netherlands are emancipated
  • Sep 5 General Salicetti orders equal rights for Jews of Bologna, Italy
  • Sep 8 Battle of Bassano-French beat Austrians

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Sep 19 George Washington's farewell address as US President is published

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Oct 5 Spain declares war on England

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 3 John Adams elected as 2nd president of the United States of America

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • Nov 17 Battle of Arcole ends in Venice: French forces, under Brigadier General Napoleon Bonaparte defeat an Austrian force led by József Alvinczi after a 3 day battle
  • Dec 18 1st US newspaper to appear on Sunday (Baltimore Monitor)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales (d. 1817)
  • Jan 21 John Gelinde van Blom, Frisian notary/author
  • Jan 22 Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
  • Jan 25 William McGillivray, Scottish naturalist & ornithologist, born in Old Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1852)
  • Feb 1 Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (d. 1865)
  • Feb 17 Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (d. 1866)
  • Feb 20 Eduard W van Dam van Isselt, Dutch military/liberal politician
  • Feb 22 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), born in Ghent, French Republic (d. 1874)
  • Feb 22 Alexis Bachelot, French missionary (d. 1837)
  • Mar 24 John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (d. 1878)
  • Apr 10 James Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (Texas Revolution), born in Logan, Kentucky (d. 1836)
  • Apr 12 George N. Briggs, American lawyer and politician, 19th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1861)
  • Apr 24 Karl Leberecht Immermann, German writer, born in Magdeburg (d. 1840)

Person of interestHorace Mann

May 4 Horace Mann, American educator, author and editor who pioneered public schools, born in Franklin, Massachusetts (d. 1859)

Father of American Education Horace Mann
Father of American Education
Horace Mann
  • May 4 Joseph Pannell Taylor, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1864)
  • May 4 William H. Prescott, American historian, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1859)
  • May 9 August Pauly, German writer (Real Encyclopedia), born in Benningen am Neckar, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1845)
  • May 17 Martinus Niewindt, Dutch Bishop of Curacao (advocate for fair treatment and abolition of slavery), born in Amsterdam (d. 1860)
  • May 21 Reverdy Johnson, American politician and jurist (Dred Scott v. Sandford), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1876)
  • Jun 1 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • Jun 14 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician, born in Neu-Raußnitz, Austrian Empire (d. 1866)
  • Jun 22 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher (Sotsjinenija) [OS]
  • Jul 3 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher (Sotsjinenija) [NS]
  • Jul 6 Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55), born in Gatchina Palace, Gatchina, Russian Empire (d. 1855)
  • Jul 15 Thomas Bulfinch, mythologist (Bulfinch's Mythology)
  • Jul 16 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • Jul 18 Feargus O'Connor, Leader of English Chartists, born in County Cork (d. 1855)
  • Jul 24 Herman van Sonsbeeck, Dutch lawyer and statesman, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1865)
  • Jul 24 John Middleton Clayton, U.S. Secretary of State (1849-50) and U.S. Senator from Delaware, born in Dagsboro, Delaware (d. 1856)
  • Jul 26 George Catlin, American author and painter (American Indian scenes), born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1872)

Person of interestWalter Hunt

Jul 29 Walter Hunt, American inventor (safety pin, sewing machine), born in Martinsburg, New York (d. 1859)

Inventor Walter Hunt
Walter Hunt
  • Aug 25 James Lick, American land baron in California, born in Stumpstown, Pennsylvania (d. 1876)
  • Sep 19 Hartley Coleridge, English poet, born in Kingsdown, Bristol, England (d. 1849)
  • Sep 22 Ret Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1880)
  • Sep 25 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • Sep 28 David Walker, African-American abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1830)
  • Oct 4 John Richardson, Canadian writer (Wacousta, or the prophecy), born in Queenston, Ontario, Canada (d. 1852)
  • Oct 9 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English artist and Egyptologist, born in London, England (d. 1878)
  • Oct 23 Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1857)
  • Oct 24 August von Platen, German poet, born in Ansbach, Germany (d. 1835)
  • Nov 6 George Back, English sea officer and explorer (North Canada), born in Stockport, Cheshire (d. 1878)
  • Dec 17 Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian novelist (The Clockmaker; or, The Sayings and Doings of Samuel Slick of Slickville), born in Windsor, Canada (d. 1865)
  • Dec 19 Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Quel Spain, poet/comic playwright
  • Dec 27 Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (d. 1869)
  • Dec 29 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1877)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 9 French Leader Napoléon Bonaparte (26) marries 1st wife Joséphine de Beauharnais (32), changing her name from Rose

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician, dies at 60
  • Jan 5 Samuel Huntington, American politician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies at 64
  • Jan 8 Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, French revolutionary and President of the National Convention, dies at 46
  • Jan 13 John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
  • Feb 17 James Macpherson, Scottish writer and poet, dies at 59
  • Mar 6 Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer, dies at 82
  • Mar 17 Pieter Paulus, Dutch Patriot and President of the First National Assembly in The Hague, dies of a serious cold at 42
  • Mar 19 Hugh Palliser, British naval officer and administrator (b. 1722)
  • Apr 18 Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist, dies at 63
  • May 12 Johann Peter Uz, German poet (Theodicee), dies at 75
  • May 29 Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish politician (b. 1720)
  • Jun 11 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and Member of Parliament, dies at 75
  • Jun 11 Nathaniel Gorham, American politician (6th President of the Confederation Congress), dies at 58
  • Jun 26 David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician, dies at 64
  • Jun 30 Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman, dies at 71
  • Jul 16 George Howard, British field marshal, dies at 78
  • Jul 30 Nicolas de Pigage, French classical architect, dies at 72
  • Aug 1 Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)
  • Aug 31 John McKinly, American physician and President of Delaware, dies at 75
  • Sep 21 François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (b. 1769)
  • Oct 7 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher and founder of Scottish School of Common Sense, dies at 86
  • Oct 16 Victor Amadeus III of Savoy (b. 1726)

Person of interestCatherine the Great

Nov 6 Catherine the Great [Catherine II], German-born Empress of Russia (1762-96) who expanded the Russian empire, dies of a stroke at 67

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Person of interestAnthony Wayne

Dec 15 Anthony Wayne, American Military Leader (Legion of the United States), dies of gout at 51

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne