On This Day

1798 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
  • Jan 8 11th Amendment ratified, judicial powers construed
  • Jan 22 Coup d'état in Batavian Republic
  • Jan 30 Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument
  • Feb 2 Federal St Theater, Boston, becomes 1st in US destroyed by fire
  • Feb 10 Louis Alexandre Berthier invades Rome (15th February proclaim a Roman Republic, 20th February take Pope Pius VI prisoner)
  • Feb 20 Louis Alexandre Berthier removes Pope Pius VI from power.
  • Mar 4 Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews
  • Mar 7 The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic
  • Mar 9 Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy
  • Mar 29 Republic of Switzerland forms
  • Apr 7 Mississippi Territory organized
  • Apr 23 Dutch emperor accepts new Constitution
  • Apr 30 US Department of the Navy forms
  • May 24 Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins
  • May 26 British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara

  • May 27 The Battle of Oulart Hill takes place in Wexford, Ireland, large rebel force kills local militia
  • Jun 5 The Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster is defeated.
  • Jun 7 Jews of Pesaro Italy fast commemorating murder of Jews
  • Jun 7 Thomas Malthus publishes the first edition of his influential 'Essay on the Principle of Population' (date of the unsigned preface)
  • Jun 13 Mission San Luis Rey de Francia founded in California
  • Jun 25 US passes Alien Act allowing president to deport dangerous aliens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria, Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jul 6 US law makes aliens "liable to be apprehended, restrained, ... & removed as alien enemies"
  • Jul 7 Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war'
  • Jul 11 US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress
  • Jul 14 1st direct US federal tax on states-on dwellings, land and slaves
  • Jul 14 US Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against government
  • Jul 16 US Public Health Service forms & US Marine Hospital authorized
  • Jul 21 Napoleon Bonaparte wins Battle of Pyramids in Egypt (Battle of Embabeh) against Mamluk rulers, wiping out most of the Egyptian army
  • Jul 23 Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 1 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson attacks and decimates the French fleet at Aboukir Bay off the Nile Delta, Egypt

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • Aug 2 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson further decimates the French fleet
  • Aug 3 Battle of the Nile: British Admiral Horatio Nelson forces the remnants of the French fleet to surrender, concluding a decisive victory for the British who capture or destroy 11 French ships of the line and 2 frigates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 French troops land in Kilcummin harbour in County Mayo, Ireland, to aid Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen's Irish Rebellion

Irish Republican and Revolutionary Wolfe Tone
Irish Republican and Revolutionary
Wolfe Tone
  • Aug 27 Battle of Castlebar, Ireland: French army and Irish rebels rout a larger the British force

  • Sep 1 Britain signs treaty with Nizam of Hyderabad, India
  • Sep 2 First bank robbery in the US: Bank of Pennsylvania robbed of $162,821 at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia
  • Sep 3 Battle of St. George's Caye: Week long battle begins between the Spanish Empire and Great Britain off the coast of Belize
  • Sep 5 New conscription law goes into effect in France
  • Sep 10 British Honduras beats Spain in battle of St George
  • Oct 12 Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
  • Oct 12 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager" premieres in Weimar
  • Nov 8 Irish revolutionary Wolfe Tone is sentenced to death by hanging for his part in the Irish Rebellion of 1798. Tone requests to be shot instead so as to die a soldier's death.
  • Nov 16 Kentucky becomes first state to nullify an act of Congress
  • Nov 17 -21) Snow storms in New England, hundreds die
  • Nov 27 Rabbi Shneur Zalman, author (Tanya), released from St Petersburg jail
  • Dec 4 Rebellious Flemish farmers occupy Hasselt
  • Dec 5 Dutch troops occupy Hasselt
  • Dec 14 David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents a nut & bolt machine
  • Dec 17 1st impeachment trial against a US senator (William Blount, Tennessee) begins
  • Dec 24 Russia & Britain sign Second anti-French Coalition

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 14 Isaac da Costa, Jewish poet, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1860)
  • Jan 14 Johan Rudolph Thorbecke, Premier of Netherlands (Lib-1849..72), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1872)
  • Jan 15 Thomas Crofton Croker, Irish story teller (Fairy legends), born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1854)
  • Jan 19 Auguste Comte, French philosopher & writer (A General View of Positivism), born in Montpellier, France (d. 1857)
  • Jan 20 Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts (d. 1858)
  • Jan 24 Karl von Staudt, German math professor (projective geometrician)
  • Jan 29 Henry Neele, poet, born in London, England
  • Feb 22 Charles Mynn Thruston, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1873)
  • Mar 4 John Joseph Abercrombie, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1877)
  • Mar 13 Abigail Fillmore, American 1st lady (1850-53), born in Stillwater, New York (d. 1853)
  • Apr 2 August Heinrich Hoffmann, German writer, born in Fallersleben, Electorate of Brunswick -Lüneburg (d. 1874)

Person of interestCharles Wilkes

Apr 3 Charles Wilkes, American Antarctic explorer and naval officer (Union Navy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1877)

Naval Officer and Explorer Charles Wilkes
Naval Officer and Explorer
Charles Wilkes
  • Apr 11 Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (radiant light), born in Parma, Italy (d. 1854)
  • Apr 17 Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician, born in Lons-le-Saunier, France (d. 1840)
  • Apr 19 Heinrich Maria von Hess, German historical painter, born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1863)
  • Apr 26 Eugène Delacroix, French painter and etcher (Journal), born in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, Île-de-France, France (d. 1863)
  • Apr 26 James Beckwourth, American fur trader and explorer, born in Frederick County, Virginia (d. 1867)
  • May 14 Frantisek Palacky, Czech historian
  • May 18 Ethan Allen Hitchcock, American Major General (Union Army), born in Vergennes, Vermont (d. 1870)
  • Jun 12 Samuel Cooper, American General (Confederate Army), born in New Hackensack, Dutchess County, New York (d. 1876)
  • Jun 21 Wolfgang Menzel, German writer, born in Waldenburg, Silesia (d. 1873)
  • Jun 29 Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet and philosopher (The Poems of Leopardi), born in Recanati, Italy (d. 1837)
  • Jul 13 Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1860)
  • Jul 15 Charles H Bell, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1875)
  • Jul 24 John Adams Dix, American Major General (Union Army), born in Boscawen, New Hampshire (d. 1879)
  • Aug 15 Sangolli Rayanna, Indian military chief warrior, born in Karnataka, India (d. 1831)
  • Aug 21 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France, L'Amour), born in Paris (d. 1874)
  • Aug 28 Gershom Jaques Van Brunt, U.S. Army (Union Navy), born in Monmouth County, New Jersey (d. 1863)
  • Sep 1 Richard Delafield, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1873)
  • Sep 2 Thomas Holliday Hicks, (Union Gov) (d. 1865)
  • Sep 11 Franz E. Neumann, German mineralogist, mathematician and physicist, born in Joachimsthal, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1895)
  • Sep 17 Antonio Benedetto Antonucci, Italian cardinal and diplomat, born in Subiaco, Italy (d. 1879)
  • Sep 25 Henri Scheffer, Dutch painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1862)
  • Sep 25 Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French mine engineer and geologist, born in Canon, Calvados, France (d. 1874)
  • Oct 2 Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831-49), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1849)
  • Oct 12 Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil (1822-31) and King of Portugal (1826), born in Queluz Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1834)
  • Nov 1 Benjamin Guinness, Irish brewer and philanthropist, born in Dublin (d. 1868)
  • Nov 3 Mason James Murray, American senator and Confederate diplomat (Trent Affair), born in Fairfax, Virginia (d. 1871)
  • Nov 5 Marie-Caroline of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Berry, Italian princess of the House of Bourbon, born in Caserta Palace, Caserta, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1870)
  • Nov 29 Alexander Brullov, Russian painter (d. 1877)
  • Dec 4 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (Prime Minister of France 1871-73), born in Saujon, France (d. 1881)
  • Dec 24 Adam Mickiewicz, Polish national poet (Pan Tadeusz), born in Zavosse, Belarus (d. 1855)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 9 Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea earl of Aranda, Spanish officer, dies at 79
  • Jan 22 Lewis Morris, American landowner and farmer (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 71
  • Jan 22 Matija A Reljkovic, Croatian writer (Satire of Wild Man), dies at 66
  • Feb 13 Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies of Art), dies at 24
  • Feb 25 Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais, French diplomat and writer (b. 1716)
  • Apr 11 Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (b. 1725)
  • Apr 29 Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, Austrian entomologist, dies at 74
  • May 10 George Vancouver, British explorer, (Voyage of Discovery), dies at 40
  • May 19 William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English nobleman and politician, dies at 75

Person of interestGiacomo Casanova

Jun 4 Giacomo Casanova, Italian adventurer, writer, librarian and womanizer, dies at 73

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • Jun 25 Thomas Sandby, English architect (b. 1721)
  • Jun 29 Kaat Mussel [Catharina Mulder], exerciser, dies
  • Jul 2 John Fitch, American inventor, clockmaker, etc, dies
  • Jul 21 François Sébastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal, dies at 64
  • Aug 1 François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (killed in battle) (b. 1753)
  • Aug 21 Corneille-François de Nélis, Flemish scholar and bishop of Antwerp, dies at 62
  • Aug 24 Thomas Alcock, English clergyman (b. 1709)
  • Aug 28 James Wilson, One of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a signatory of the U.S. Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, dies at 55
  • Sep 21 George Read, American judge and signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 65

BattleWolfe Tone

Nov 19 Wolfe Tone, Irish republican and revolutionary figure (United Irishmen), dies at 35 in unclear circumstances on the day he was to be hanged

Irish Republican and Revolutionary Wolfe Tone
Irish Republican and Revolutionary
Wolfe Tone
  • Dec 4 Luigi Galvani, Italian anatomist and physicist, dies at 61
  • Dec 9 Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (naturalist on James Cook's second Pacific voyage), dies at 69
  • Dec 16 Thomas Pennant, Welsh naturalist, dies at 72
  • Dec 20 Cornelis Ploos van Amstel, Dutch engraver/art collector, dies at 72