1798 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
  • Jan 8 11th Amendment ratified, judicial powers construed
  • Jan 22 Coup d'état in Batavian Republic
  • Jan 30 Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument
  • Feb 2 Federal St Theater, Boston, becomes 1st in US destroyed by fire
  • Feb 10 Louis Alexandre Berthier invades Rome (15th February proclaim a Roman Republic, 20th February take Pope Pius VI prisoner)
  • Feb 20 Louis Alexandre Berthier removes Pope Pius VI from power.
  • Mar 4 Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews
  • Mar 7 The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic.
  • Mar 9 Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy
  • Mar 29 Republic of Switzerland forms
  • Apr 7 Mississippi Territory organized
  • Apr 23 Dutch emperor accepts new Constitution
  • Apr 30 US Department of the Navy forms
  • May 24 Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins
  • May 26 British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara

  • May 27 The Battle of Oulart Hill takes place in Wexford, Ireland
  • Jun 5 The Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster is defeated.
  • Jun 7 Jews of Pesaro Italy fast commemorating murder of Jews
  • Jun 7 Thomas Malthus publishes the first edition of his influential 'Essay on the Principle of Population' (date of the unsigned preface)
  • Jun 13 Mission San Luis Rey de Francia founded in California
  • Jun 25 US passes Alien Act allowing president to deport dangerous aliens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria, Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jul 6 US law makes aliens "liable to be apprehended, restrained, ... & removed as alien enemies"
  • Jul 7 Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war'
  • Jul 11 US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress
  • Jul 14 1st direct US federal tax on states-on dwellings, land and slaves
  • Jul 14 US Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against government
  • Jul 16 US Public Health Service forms & US Marine Hospital authorized
  • Jul 21 Napoleon Bonaparte wins Battle of Pyramids in Egypt (Battle of Embabeh) against Mamluk rulers, wiping out most of the Egyptian army
  • Jul 23 Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 1 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson attacks and decimates the French fleet at Aboukir Bay off the Nile Delta, Egypt

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • Aug 2 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson further decimates the French fleet
  • Aug 3 Battle of the Nile: British Admiral Horatio Nelson forces the remnants of the French fleet to surrender, concluding a decisive victory for the British who capture or destroy 11 French ships of the line and 2 frigates
  • Aug 22 French troops land in Kilcummin harbour, County Mayo, Ireland to aid Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen's Irish Rebellion.
  • Aug 27 Battle of Castlebar, Ireland: French army and Irish rebels rout a larger the British force
  • Sep 1 Britain signs treaty with Nizam of Hyderabad, India
  • Sep 2 First bank robbery in the US: Bank of Pennsylvania robbed of $162,821 at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia
  • Sep 3 Battle of St. George's Caye: Week long battle begins between the Spanish Empire and Great Britain off the coast of Belize
  • Sep 5 New conscription law goes into effect in France
  • Sep 10 British Honduras beats Spain in battle of St George
  • Oct 12 Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
  • Oct 12 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager" premieres in Weimar
  • Nov 16 Kentucky becomes first state to nullify an act of Congress
  • Nov 17 -21) Snow storms in New England, hundreds die
  • Nov 27 Rabbi Shneur Zalman, author (Tanya), released from St Petersburg jail
  • Dec 4 Rebellious Flemish farmers occupy Hasselt
  • Dec 5 Dutch troops occupy Hasselt
  • Dec 14 David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents a nut & bolt machine
  • Dec 17 1st impeachment trial against a US senator (William Blount, Tennessee) begins
  • Dec 24 Russia & Britain sign Second anti-French Coalition

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 14 Isaac da Costa, Dutch writer/lawyer
  • Jan 14 Johan R Thorbecke, Premier of Netherlands (Lib-1849..72)
  • Jan 15 Thomas Crofton Croker, Irish story teller (Fairy legends)
  • Jan 19 Auguste Comte, philosopher/founder (sociology & positivism)
  • Jan 20 Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts (d. 1858)
  • Jan 24 Karl von Staudt, German math professor (projective geometrician)
  • Jan 29 Henry Neele, poet, born in London, England
  • Feb 22 Charles Mynn Thruston, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1873)
  • Mar 4 John Joseph Abercrombie, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1877)
  • Mar 13 Abigail Fillmore, American 1st lady (1850-53), born in Stillwater, New York (d. 1853)
  • Apr 2 August Heinrich Hoffmann, German writer, born in Fallersleben, Electorate of Brunswick -Lüneburg (d. 1874)

Person of interestCharles Wilkes

Apr 3 Charles Wilkes, American Antarctic explorer and naval officer (Union Navy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1877)

Naval Officer and Explorer Charles Wilkes
Naval Officer and Explorer
Charles Wilkes
  • Apr 8 Dionysios Solomos, poet
  • Apr 11 Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (radiant light), born in Parma, Italy (d. 1854)
  • Apr 17 Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician, born in Lons-le-Saunier, France (d. 1840)
  • Apr 19 Heinrich Maria von Hess, historical painter
  • Apr 26 Ferdinand Eugene Delacroix, French painter/lithograph/etcher (Journal)
  • Apr 26 James Beckwourth, American explorer (d. 1867)
  • May 14 Frantisek Palacky, Czech historian
  • May 18 Ethan Allen Hitchcock, American Major General (Union Army), born in Vergennes, Vermont (d. 1870)
  • Jun 12 Samuel Cooper, American General (Confederate Army), born in New Hackensack, Dutchess County, New York (d. 1876)
  • Jun 21 Wolfgang Menzel, German writer, born in Waldenburg, Silesia (d. 1873)
  • Jun 29 Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet and philosopher (The Poems of Leopardi), born in Recanati, Italy (d. 1837)
  • Jul 13 Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1860)
  • Jul 15 Charles H Bell, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1875)
  • Jul 24 John Adams Dix, American Major General (Union Army), born in Boscawen, New Hampshire (d. 1879)
  • Aug 15 Sangolli Rayanna, prominent Indian warrior, born in Karnataka, India
  • Aug 21 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France, L'Amour), born in Paris (d. 1874)
  • Aug 28 Gershom Jaques Van Brunt, U.S. Army (Union Navy), born in Monmouth County, New Jersey (d. 1863)
  • Sep 1 Richard Delafield, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1873)
  • Sep 2 Thomas Holliday Hicks, (Union Gov) (d. 1865)
  • Sep 11 Franz E. Neumann, German mineralogist, mathematician and physicist, born in Joachimsthal, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1895)
  • Sep 17 Antonia M B Antonucci, Italian cardinal/diplomat
  • Sep 25 Henri Scheffer, Dutch painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1862)
  • Sep 25 Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French mine engineer and geologist, born in Canon, Calvados, France (d. 1874)
  • Oct 2 Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831-49), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1849)
  • Oct 12 Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil (1822-31) and King of Portugal (1826), born in Queluz Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1834)
  • Nov 1 Benjamin Lee, Baronet Guinness, Irish brewer/Dublin mayor
  • Nov 3 Mason James Murray, American senator and Confederate diplomat (Trent Affair), born in Fairfax, Virginia (d. 1871)
  • Nov 5 Carolina F L duchess of Berry, daughter of crown prince of Naples
  • Nov 29 Alexander Brullov, Russian painter (d. 1877)
  • Dec 4 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (d. 1881)
  • Dec 24 Adam B Mickiewicz, Polish national poet (Pan Tadeusz)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 9 Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea earl of Aranda, Spanish officer, dies at 79
  • Jan 22 Lewis Morris, US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 71
  • Jan 22 Matija A Reljkovic, Croatian writer (Satire of Wild Man), dies at 66
  • Feb 13 Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies of Art), dies at 24
  • Feb 25 Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais, French diplomat and writer (b. 1716)
  • Apr 11 Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (b. 1725)
  • Apr 29 Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, Austrian entomologist, dies at 74
  • May 10 George Vancouver, British explorer, (Voyage of Discovery), dies at 40
  • May 19 William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English dueler (b. 1722)

Person of interestGiacomo Casanova

Jun 4 Giacomo Casanova, Italian adventurer, writer, librarian and womanizer, dies at 73

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • Jun 25 Thomas Sandby, English architect (b. 1721)
  • Jun 29 Kaat Mussel [Catharina Mulder], exerciser, dies
  • Jul 2 John Fitch, American inventor, clockmaker, etc, dies
  • Jul 21 François Sébastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal, dies at 64
  • Aug 1 François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (killed in battle) (b. 1753)
  • Aug 21 Corneille-François de Nélis, Flemish scholar and bishop of Antwerp, dies at 62
  • Aug 24 Thomas Alcock, English clergyman (b. 1709)
  • Aug 28 James Wilson, One of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a signatory of the U.S. Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, dies at 55
  • Sep 21 George Read, American judge and signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
  • Nov 19 Theobald W Tone, Irish nationalist, dies
  • Dec 4 Luigi Galvani, Italian anatomist and physicist, dies at 61
  • Dec 9 Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (b. 1729)
  • Dec 16 Thomas Pennant, Welsh naturalist, dies at 72
  • Dec 20 Cornelis Ploos van Amstel, Dutch engraver/art collector, dies at 72