1801 in History

Events in History

Victory in BattleUnited Kingdom Forms

Jan 1 The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
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  • Jan 1 The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Italian monk Giuseppe Piazzi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 John Marshall appointed US chief justice

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • Feb 9 France & Austria sign Peace of Luneville

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 17 US House of Representatives breaks electoral college tie, chooses Thomas Jefferson President over Aaron Burr

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • Feb 27 Washington, D.C. placed under Congressional jurisdiction
  • Mar 3 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
  • Mar 4 Thomas Jefferson is the first US President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 7 Massachusetts enacts first state voter registration law
  • Mar 8 British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • Mar 10 First official census in Great Britain, revealing a population of approximately 10 million

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 14 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • Mar 24 Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia

DenmarkBattle of Copenhagen

Apr 2 Napoleonic Wars: The British led by Horatio Nelson destroy the Danish fleet in the naval Battle of Copenhagen
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  • Apr 8 Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
  • Apr 11 Johann von Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans" premieres in Leipzig
  • Apr 24 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Jahreszeiten"
  • May 10 First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America (1st US foreign war)
  • Jun 6 Peace of Badajoz: Spain-Portugal
  • Jun 10 Tripoli declares war on US for refusing tribute
  • Jul 6 Battle at Algeciras: French fleet beats British
  • Jul 7 Toussaint L'Ouverture declares Haitian independence
  • Jul 11 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet
  • Jul 12 Second Battle of Algeciras: British fleet beats French and Spanish (six days after losing the 1st Battle of Algeciras)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 Pope Pius VII & 1st consul Napoleon sign concord

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jul 20 Elisha Brown Jr presses a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm
  • Oct 1 Britain & France sign Preliminary of London
  • Nov 10 Kentucky outlaws duelling
  • Nov 16 First edition of New York Evening Post

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 12 Louise Sophie Blussé, Dutch author, born in Leiden, Holland (d. 1896)
  • Feb 1 Thomas Cole, American romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School)
  • Feb 1 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
  • Feb 7 John Rylands, England, merchant/philanthropist
  • Feb 21 John Henry Newman, England, cardinal/author (Dream of Gerontius)
  • Mar 15 Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer
  • Mar 21 Maria Theresa of Tuscany, Queen of Sardinia (d. 1855)
  • Mar 23 Peterus D Regout, Dutch industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht)
  • Apr 7 Henry Eagle, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1882)
  • Apr 11 Claude Tillier, French journalist and writer (My Uncle Benjamin), born in Clamecy, Nièvre, France (d. 1844)
  • Apr 12 Henry de Cock, Dutch reformed vicar and secession leader, born in Veendam, Groningen, the Netherlands (d. 1842)
  • Apr 19 Gustav T Fechner, [Dr Mises], German philosopher/physicist
  • Apr 26 Ambrose Dudley Mann, American diplomat (d. 1889)
  • May 6 George Sears Greene, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Apponaug, Rhode Island (d. 1899)
  • May 9 Samuel Cousins, mezzotint engraver
  • May 11 Henri Labrouste, French architect (d. 1875)

Person of interestWilliam H. Seward

May 16 William H. Seward, American politician (Secretary of State, 1861-69, Governor of New York, 1839-42), born in Florida, New York (d. 1872)

US Secretary of State William H. Seward
US Secretary of State
William H. Seward
  • May 31 Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist (d. 1887)

Person of interestBrigham Young

Jun 1 Brigham Young, American religious leader (Mormon church), born in Whitingham, Vermont (d. 1877)

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Jun 4 James Pennethorne, English architect and planner, born in Worcester, Pennethorne (d. 1871)
  • Jun 14 Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (d. 1868)
  • Jun 15 Benjamin Raymond, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1883)
  • Jun 16 Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)
  • Jun 23 Daniel Smith Donelson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)

Person of interestDavid Farragut

Jul 5 David Farragut, American admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"), born in Campbell's Station, Tennessee (d. 1870)

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • Jul 14 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • Jul 26 John Drake Sloat, 1st Military Governor of California (Union Navy), born in Sloatsburg, New York (d. 1867)
  • Jul 27 George Biddell Airy, English mathematician and 7th Astronomer Royal, born in Alnwick, Northumberland, England (d. 1892)
  • Jul 29 George Bradshaw, British publisher, born in Manchester, England (d. 1853)
  • Aug 10 Robert Woodward Barnwell, MC (Confederacy), (d. 1882)
  • Aug 21 Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer, Dutch statesman and historian, born in Voorburg, Netherlands (d. 1876)
  • Aug 28 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), born in Gray, France (d. 1877)
  • Sep 4 Cullen Whipple, American inventor (pointed screw machine), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1868)
  • Sep 10 Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner (d. 1881)
  • Sep 12 Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing teacher, born in Turin, Italy (d. 1861)
  • Sep 17 Edward William Lane, translator (Thousand & 1 Nights)
  • Sep 24 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist and mathematician, born in Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1862)
  • Oct 6 Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman, born in Saint-Omer, France (d. 1888)
  • Oct 12 Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss politician, born in Lindau, Germany (d. 1873)
  • Oct 14 Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (Plateau's Law), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1883)
  • Nov 3 Karl Baedeker, German published travel books

Person of interestGail Borden

Nov 9 Gail Borden, American manufacturer and inventor of condensed milk, born in Norwich, New York (d. 1874)

Inventor and Manufacturer of Condensed Milk Gail Borden
Inventor and Manufacturer of Condensed Milk
Gail Borden
  • Nov 10 Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer, born in Lugansk, Russian Empire (d. 1872)
  • Nov 10 Samuel Gridley Howe, United States physician, abolitionist, and advocate of education for the blind, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1876)
  • Nov 13 Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, Queen consort of Prussia (1840-61), born in Munich (d. 1873)
  • Nov 13 Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony, born in Munich (d. 1877)
  • Nov 24 Ludwig Bechstein, German poet (d. 1860)
  • Dec 11 Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German dramatist, born in Detmold, Lippe (d. 1836)
  • Dec 12 Johann (John), King of Saxony (1854-73) (translated Divina Commedia)
  • Dec 27 Guillaume L Baud, Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49)
  • Dec 28 James Barnes, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1869)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Johann C Lavater, Swiss vicar/philosopher, dies at 59
  • Feb 7 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
  • Mar 23 Tsar Paul I of Russia (1796-1801) is struck with a sword, strangled, and trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle aged 46
  • Mar 25 Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Camper), dies at 69
  • Mar 25 Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg], German romantic writer ('Heinrich von Ofterdingen), dies at 28
  • Mar 28 Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66
  • Apr 2 Thomas Dadford Junior, British canal engineer (b. circa 1761)
  • Apr 7 Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer, dies at 76
  • May 5 Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt, Flemish painter and engraver, dies at 74
  • May 12 Nicholas Repnin, Russian statesman (b. 1734)
  • May 15 Louis C count Barbiano de Belgioioso, Austrian diplomat, dies at 73
  • May 17 William Heberden, English physician (b. 1710)
  • May 19 Herman H Vitringa, politician (National Meetings), dies
  • Jun 4 Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (b. 1750)

Person of interestBenedict Arnold

Jun 14 Benedict Arnold, Revolutionary War general, dies in London at 60

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold
  • Aug 22 Pieter G van Overstraten, gov-gen of Neth-Indies, dies at 46
  • Aug 24 Jacques-Denis Antoine, French builder (La Monnaie Paris), dies at 68
  • Sep 1 Robert Bage, English writer (Hermsprong), dies
  • Sep 10 Jason Fairbanks, American murderer, dies at 20
  • Oct 3 Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, Marshal of France (b. 1724)
  • Nov 4 William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress, dies at 89
  • Nov 5 Norinaga Motoori, Japanese scientist, dies at 71
  • Nov 24 Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (b. 1725)
  • Nov 28 Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (b. 1750)